What are some of the biggest hits of apples
Juicing apples: from the steam extractor to the fruit press
If there are large quantities of ripe apples in the garden in autumn, timely use quickly becomes a problem - it simply takes too long to process the many fruits into applesauce or to boil them cut into slices. Only completely healthy apples without pressure points are suitable for storage - but what should you do with all the windfalls and worm-eaten fruit? The solution is simple: juicing! Incidentally, some of the best apple varieties for juice production are ‘Gravensteiner’, ‘Boskoop’, ‘Jakob Lebel’ and the ‘Danziger Kantapfel’.
Processing apples into juice also has the great advantage that you don't have to peel them beforehand. Even small wormholes and pressure points are not a problem, depending on the juicing method. In the following sections we will introduce you to the most important techniques for juicing apples.
Pot juicing is only suitable for smaller quantities of windfalls, depending on the size of the pot. You have to wash the apples beforehand, cut them into pieces and cut out rotten areas and the wormholes of the codling moth. The shell and core housing are not removed. You put the apples in a saucepan and pour just enough water on them that they don't burn. The heat destroys the cell tissue of the fruit and ensures that the juice stored in it drains out more easily.
As soon as all the fruit pieces are soft-boiled, the contents of the pot are filled into a sieve that has previously been covered with a thin cloth diaper or a towel. The juice that drips out is caught with a metal bucket or a porcelain bowl. You should only use plastic containers if they are heat-resistant. As long as you let the juice run, it stays clear. If you push it out of the filter cloth, even small fruit particles get through - they make the juice cloudy, but also give it a lot of aroma. A disadvantage of juicing in a pot is that the juice is not completely pure, but diluted with a little water. In addition, it only lasts for a few days in the refrigerator without further heat treatment. If you want to preserve it, you have to boil it again and then fill it into clean, airtight bottles. However, further vitamins and aromatic substances are lost through re-heating.
A steam juicer is a special device for juicing fruits. It consists of a water pot, a fruit attachment, a collecting container for the juice including a closable drain pipe and a lid that closes the vessel well. The apples are prepared in the same way as for juicing from a pot and put into the perforated fruit basket. Then you fill the pot with water, assemble the device, close it with the lid and bring the water to a boil on the stove. Important: Only put enough fruit in the fruit basket that the lid closes the steam juicer properly, otherwise important aromatic substances will escape with the steam. For very sour apples, sprinkle a few tablespoons of sugar over the crushed fruit. This increases the juice yield and rounds off the flavor of the apple juice.
As soon as the water boils, the juicing process begins, which takes around an hour for apples. It is important that the steam temperature is as constant as possible and not too high. High-quality juicers have a built-in heating coil and the steam temperature can be precisely controlled via a thermostat. The steam rises through a small passage in the collecting container into the attached fruit basket and releases the juice from the fruit cells. This flows into the collecting container and can be tapped via the attached hose.
After an hour of cooking, let the closed juicer rest for a few minutes with the stove switched off, as some juice is still dripping into the collecting container. Then the apple juice obtained is poured directly into the still hot, boiled-out bottles via the dispensing hose and immediately sealed airtight. Under no circumstances let the cleaned bottles cool down for too long, as the hot juice will cause the glass to crack. The directly bottled juice is germ-free and can be kept for a long time without reheating. Tip: If you want naturally cloudy juice, you can simply squeeze the cooked fruit mash with a potato masher at the end of the cooking time.
Juice the apples with the fruit press
Cold juicing has three major advantages: all the vitamins and vital substances contained in the juice are retained, larger quantities of apples can be processed in a time-saving manner and the fresh juice does not have the typical "cooking taste" of the two methods mentioned above.
The fruit chopper (left) processes up to 500 kilograms of fruit per hour and is therefore also suitable for professionals. Under pressure, delicious juice flows from finely chopped fruits. With its 18 liter basket, the stainless steel fruit press (right) is large enough to juice apples in a reasonable amount of time and without a power connection
A certain amount of technology is required to cold-juice apples: A special fruit chopper is recommended, as the fruit should be chopped as much as possible before pressing. In addition, you need a mechanical fruit press with which you can exert high pressure and process larger portions at once. The apples are best washed in a tub before pressing and then the rotten areas are roughly removed. You can ignore wormholes as long as they are not rotten. Then you chop the fruit, wrap the mash caught in a bowl in a sturdy cotton cloth and place it in the fruit press. Depending on the model, the fruits are now either mechanically or electrically pressed together so strongly that the juice collects in the collecting collar and then runs directly into a bucket via a side outlet. If necessary, you can filter it one more time with a cotton cloth.
The freshly bottled juice does not keep for long in the refrigerator. If you want to preserve it, you can either fill the cold juice into clean swing-top bottles with rubber seals and then boil it down in a water bath, or heat it in a large saucepan and then fill it hot into sterilized bottles. The first method has the advantage that you don't have to boil the juice, which is very tasty. Brief heating to 80 degrees is usually sufficient to kill all microorganisms.
Cold juicing with centrifuges
It is quite easy to juice apples with an electric centrifuge. The devices grate the cleaned fruit and hurl the juice out of the mash in a rapidly rotating sieve basket. It is caught in the outer juice container and can then be drunk fresh or preserved, just like after cold pressing.
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