Which country invented the weapon?

The gun

A pistol is a handgun that is shot out of the hand. The decisive feature of a pistol is that the cartridge chamber and barrel are made of one piece, in contrast to the revolver, in which the cartridge chambers are housed separately from the barrel in a rotating drum. The word pistol comes from the Czech (píšťala) and came to Germany via France.
The development of the pistol shares its beginning with the rifle. If the hand tube was the first firearm in the 14th century, after the further development of the arquebus it became necessary to make these weapons smaller, more manageable and more mobile. The cavalry in particular pushed for an alternative to the arquebus. The invention of the wheel lock in 1517 made it possible to have a more compact and safe ignition method in contrast to the matchlocks. With the pistol, firearms found increased use in the cavalry. The cuirassiers, which emerged in the 1540s, were armed with pistols. The pistol was first used in a major combat operation in the battle of Mühlberg in 1547. The pistol (handpipe, rifle, mitten, in the 16th and 17th centuries also a buffer) was originally developed as a firearm for riders, the first models appeared around 1510. In the 17th century, Philipp von Zesen tried unsuccessfully to replace the word pistol with assassin puffer.

The pistol was the only handgun for a long time until it was continuously replaced by the revolver at the beginning of the 19th century. For the first time, the revolver offered the possibility of firing several shots in a row without having to reload the weapon. Pistols then eke out almost a shadowy existence and were used, for example, for target shooting and mainly as dueling weapons. Towards the end of the 19th century, alternatives to the revolver began to be developed. While researching self-loading variants, originally for rifles, the first modern pistol models were soon developed. The Mauser C96 and the Bergmann and Luger models were among the first working weapons.

The pistol soon aroused great interest among the armies because it had a number of advantages over revolvers: Pistols usually had a higher magazine capacity than revolvers, which had cartridges in the barrel. In addition, reloading was faster because the empty magazine was removed and replaced with a full one. Loading rails (for models without an interchangeable magazine) were also quicker and easier to operate - with a revolver, the used ammunition (empty cases) had to be removed beforehand. The magazines with the ammunition were also more manageable and therefore easier to stow. This enabled a larger amount of ammunition to be carried. If a revolver was loaded with individual cartridges, which involved cumbersome handling, the guns were more or less pre-assembled.

Only the complex maintenance of the pistol was a disadvantage compared to a revolver. If the slide, the guide and all other moving parts of a pistol always had to be well cleaned and oiled to ensure proper function, revolvers were less prone to failure. In addition, the pistol could jam. Nevertheless, the pistol prevailed over the revolver. Already in the First World War, most of the officers and orderlies in almost all armies were equipped with pistols. One of the few exceptions was the British Army, which still used their traditional revolvers during World War I.

Today there is a wide variety of pistols for sporting, police and military use. The best-known manufacturers and models are Sauer P226, Mauser Pistole 08, Colt, Beretta 92, Glock, Browning, Walther and many more.

A distinction is made between:

- Single loader / multiple loader
- Muzzle loader / breech loader
- Self-loaders (are always breech-loaders)
- rocket gun
- Signal pistol

Nowadays only the self-loader is in use, single or multiple loaders are mainly collectibles and curiosities, but there is also a fan base who shoots gunpowder muzzle-loaders in a sporty manner.