What are some fairies in Hindu mythology


Indra (Sanskrit इन्द्र indra m.) Name of the king of the gods, at the end of compound words: king, best; Indra rules the weather. The rainbow (Indradhanus) is named after Indra. One of Indras mythical exploits consisted in slaying the dragon-like demon Vritra. Learn more about Indra and other gods in the following lecture by Sukadev.

Drawing of Indra on his elephant mountain, Airavata, ca.1820

Indra इन्द्र indra pronunciation

Here you can hear how the Sanskrit word indra, इन्द्र, indra is pronounced:

Indra as a deity

According to Hindu mythology, Indra is the king of the heavens and he is also the god of rain. Indra is considered to be the leader of all devas. He is also the god of war, and he is the greatest of all warriors. Indra is considered to be the strongest of all creatures, and he also rules thunder and storms. He is the protector of good against evil. In the past, Indra was also known as the sun god who drives through the sky in a golden chariot. Later in Hinduism, he is considered to be the god of thunder and storms as he possesses the unearthly weapon "Vajra". Since Indra lets the water come to the earth through the rain and makes it so fertile, he is also a god of creation.

Indra is depicted with a reddish brown complexion with either two or four very long arms. He was born from the womb as a fully grown young man with four arms. His wife is Indrani and his servants are called Maruts. His sons are named Jayanta, Midhusa, Nilambara, Rbhus, Rsabha, Sitragupta. When he is not traveling through the heavens in his chariot, he is riding the divine elephant Airavata. This one has four tusks and looks like a mountain. Indra also has many other names such as Shakra, Vajrin, Purandara, Meghavahana and Svargapati.

One of his most important acts is the slaying of the demon Vritra. Legend has it that Vritra took the form of a dragon and removed all water from the earth. Hearing this, Indra swore that he would bring all the water back to the earth. Before the battle began, he drank soma (divine nectar) to gain great strength. Indra pursued Vritra and after a fierce battle was then able to destroy this demon. And the water fell back to the earth when Indra slashed the demon. This feat made Indra king of the gods.

Indra was not interested in wealth and worldly honor. He led a simple life and became a hermit for wisdom. His wife was at a loss and asked the priest Brihaspati to change her husband's mind. And Brihaspati taught Indra the qualities of a spiritual and a worldly life. And so Indra learned to seek wisdom while at the same time fulfilling his duties as king.

It is said that the weapon of Indra, Vajra, was made from the bones of the sage Dadhichi. According to the concept of the Vedas, every "Manu" that rules in the longest geographical period is called "Manvantara". Fourteen Manvantaras result in a "Kalpa", which is ruled by different Indras. The Svayambhuva was ruled by Yajna, who was himself an incarnation of Vishnu. In Swarochis the ruler was Vipaschit; in Uttam Sushaanti; in Taamas Shibi; in Raivat Vibhu; in Chaakshush Manojav; in Shraaddhdev Purandar or the present Indra; in Saavarni Bali; in Daksha Saavarni Adbhut; in Brahma Saavarni Shanti; in Dharma Saavarni Vish; in Rudraputra Saavarni Ritudhaama; in Ruchi or Deva Saavarni Devaspati; in Bhaum or Indra Saavarni Suchi.

Sukadev over Indra

Transcription of a video lecture (2014) by Sukadev on Indra

Indra - the king of gods, the king of angelic beings. There are various mythologies in India. And especially at the time of the Vedas, the devas were specially mentioned. Devas actually means the shining, the light beings, the shining. And in the 19th century, Deva was translated as God, and that's how Westerners came up with the idea that polytheism reigned in India.

So there were all kinds of devas. There is Indra, the king of the gods. There is Agni, the fire god, Vayu, the wind god etc. But actually they are devas or also devatas, that is, beings of light. And these beings of light are like intelligences that subtly control the whole universe. You can also see it as intelligence in nature, you can see them as nature deities and nature angels. On the one hand, Indra is the king of the gods, but is also referred to as the wind god. Similar to Zeus or Jupiter, it also has the ability to cause thunder, lightning and storms. He is also the one who is especially responsible in heaven.

Indra is a very interesting angel in many ways, one can say. Indra, on the one hand, he is the king of the gods. And there are also scriptures that describe how great and generous and wonderful he is. He is also described in one of the Upanishads as a disciple of Prajapati, disciple of the Creator. How he went to apprenticeship with Virochana, the king of the Asuras, the king of demons, with Pajapati and how he came to the highest knowledge.

Indra on Airavata (Musée Guimet)

But Indra is also seen in other scriptures as someone who is a bit jealous of others and as someone who is afraid that someone will snatch his post as king of the gods from him. There are also stories where Indra no longer wanted to be king and somehow incarnated as a boar to enjoy life in simplicity. At some point he was tired of always caring about everyone like that.

Then there are stories where Indra tempts the rishis and aspirants by sending them apsaras and gandharvas, i.e. beautiful nymphs or dancers. So Indra has a wide variety of functions. There are even stories where Indra is angry about what Krishna did and then thundered and then had to realize that Krishna is ultimately the one in charge. So, a lot of humanizations, especially in the old Indian pantheon. In the Vedas there is less of Vishnu and Krishna and Rama and Shiva, there it is more about Indra, Agni, Varuna, Vayu, Brihaspati etc. And there Indra is the king of the gods.

To this day, Indra can also be worshiped. At least one can say that Indra belongs to the beings of light in nature, one can feel him, one can show his respect to him, one can ask him to help one on the spiritual path. If you humbly turn to light beings, angel beings, they will stand by you and help you. And then it can also be helpful to worship and worship Indra, as one does in the Shanti mantras. For example, a Shanti mantra begins with: "Om Sham No Indro Brihaspatihi." It starts of course with: "Sham No Mitrah Sham Varunaha Sham No Bhava Tyaryama Sham Na Indro Brihaspatihi." That always means: "Oh gods, be kind to me. Sham No Mitrah - reverence to the angel who is friend of everything. Om Sham No Mitrah Sham Varunaha - reverence be paid to the god of water. Sham No Bhava Tyaryama - reverence with Bhava with love, Aryama, another aspect of the divine, which is also a manifestation of Yama or Aryama, the god of hospitality, as well as the manifestation of Yama, the god of death, etc. "

So it is a matter of showing reverence. We are not alone in this world, there are not only physical beings, there are also subtle beings, there are the many little fairies and the many gnomes and there are the fine fire beings, air beings, earth beings, then there are the tree beings, there are those Devatas from places of power, the devata of an area and an entire country, a city, there are the devatas of a culture, there is also the devata of an ashram and there are the superior devatas and Indra is one of them. Indra - King of the Devas, King of the angelic beings, someone to whom one can also turn, to whom one can show one's respect.

The story of Indra and Ahalya

Article from Stories from Yoga Vasishtha by Swami Sivananda. The Divine Life Society Publication, 9th Edition, Uttarakhand, 2009, pp. 30-32.

Vasishtha said, "Oh lotus-eyed Rama! The mind is the butcher of Atman. Only the mind creates the world. Only the actions of the mind are the real actions. Those of the body do not count among the actions. Only Brahma alone can the wonderful gifts Understanding the mind. The body is like a model that the mind prepares for its actions. The mind thinks of the body and becomes the body itself. Then it becomes so entangled with the body that it experiences all kinds of pain and torment through it . The sage who identifies with the all-pervading soul or atman and who understands that he is disembodied from all evils that afflict the body. Indra and Ahalya were unaware of their physical pain. "

Rama said: "Oh dear teacher! Who was this Indra? And who was Ahalya? I would very much like to know something about them."

Vasishtha said, "A long time ago a king named Indradyumna ruled in Magadha (Bihar). His wife was named Ahalya. In that city lived a person known as Indra. He was the leader of a gang of rampant men. The queen was this Indra very devoted and lived in his company for some time. This was reported to the king. The king became very angry. He had them both thrown into the cold water of a basin in the middle of winter. However, neither showed the slightest sign of pain smiled at each other as if they were in blissful pleasure.

Then they threw them on the fire in a large frying pan. Unharmed, they said, "O King! We rejoice in the joy of our souls when we think of each other." Even when elephants trampled on them, not a single hair was twisted and they said: "Oh king! We are very happy to remember each other." They were then violently whipped with rods and oars. They were hit with hammers. And here, too, they showed no signs of pain. They just smiled and laughed. The king was pale with astonishment. He asked Indra and Ahalya, "How can it be that you both feel no pain under torture?"

They gave him the following answer: "Oh king! Torture cannot separate us. This world is full of forms of the other for us. We perceive the whole world as full of ourselves. We see our beloved in every shape and form. We look at each other. We enjoy the bliss and are therefore completely unconscious of our body. We feel no pain. Even if our body is dismembered, we do not feel the slightest pain. If the mind is focused enough on an object, we experience if the mind is only completely filled with the object, who else should watch and feel the afflictions of the body? Only the mind is the instrument through which pain is felt. That mind is now completely absorbed by an object that he loves most. How can the pain touch him? No power in the world is able to dissuade this spirit from its beloved object. Every body has its own Origin only in the mind. The mind does everything. It represents the highest body. Even when this body disappears, the mind quickly takes fresh bodies again at will. It is only when this mind is destroyed once and for all by Atma Jnana that the bodies cease to reappear. "

The king became aware of the truth of their statements. MuniBharata, who was seated next to the king in the courtroom, said the couple spoke words of wisdom even when they were under the strong influence of passion. The king banished them from his kingdom to a foreign country so that they could enjoy themselves without a care in the world.

The body with its various organs is nothing other than the mind. This universe is also nothing other than spirit. When the mind disappears, the body and the universe also disappear.

With these words, Vasishtha closed the story.

The spiritual name Indra

Indra means the mighty, the powerful, Indra is also called the king, the ruler, also the best, the king. In Indian mythology, for example in the Vedas, Indra is the king of the gods. If your name is Indra then it should mean that you want to see God as your ruler, it also means that you are ready to take on responsibility. Also means that you are ready to become ruler over your own spirit.

That you don't want to be dominated by emotions, desires and stimulus-reaction chains. You want to learn to do good yourself, you want to learn to use your spirit skillfully, to become ruler over yourself. When you have become ruler over yourself, you can also help and serve others.

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