What does Hanuman Chalisa mean

Hanuman Chalisa

Hanuman Chalisa is a poem in Hindu that primarily praises Hanuman. It is a religious chant. Literally translated it means: “the forty verses of praise to Hanuman”. It is the most famous piece by Tulsidas after the Ramacharitamanasa. The basic idea for the Hanuman Chalisa comes from the 16th century. The Hanuman Chalisa has grown enormously in popularity among today's Hindus and is often recited as a prayer on Tuesdays or Saturdays. Hanuman is a bachelor god, and so there are many among the single who worship the Rudra Avatar.

The verses

The first verse reads, "Sri Guru Charana Saroj Raja Nija Mana Mukura Sudhaar Baranou Raghubara Bimala Jasu Jo Daayaka Phala Chaar," which means, "Touching my teacher's feet may purify my mind," and continues by Hanuman is praised as the giver of the "four fruits" and his success. At the beginning there is a prayer to Hanuman and a short description of his deeds, which are sung in more detail in the 40 verses.

"Budhee Heena Tanujaanike Sumeero Pawana Kumaar Balabudhee Bidya Dehu Moheem Harahu Kalesha Vikaar" is translated as follows: “I, the person with a lack of education (be it worldly knowledge, education or whatever) pray to the Son of the wind for strength and knowledge and that he may free me from all suffering ”. Hanuman is "Pawana Putra", as he was blessed by the wind god when he was hardly born and given his mother Anjanee, endowed with outstanding powers through the sacred potion for children.

A prayer in the Hanuman Chalisa says "Jai Hanuman Gyana Gunasagara Jai ​​Kapeesa Tihu Loka Ujaagara", which means something like: "Honor be Hanuman, the ocean of knowledge, honor the monkey leader who illuminates three worlds". Another prayer speaks: "Rama Doota Atulita Baladhaamaa Anjanee Putra Pawanasuta Naamaa" and emphasizes his role as ambassador of Rama and strong being as the son of Anjanee and the wind god.

Hanuman was considered an avatar of particular importance and as strong as a thunderbolt. It destroys bad thoughts and accompanies good knowledge. He is praised in the Hanuman Chalisa verse "Mahabir Bikram Bajarangee Kumatee Nivaara Sumatee Ke Sangee". The whole of Hanuman Chalisa is about his benefits and achievements.

"Kanchana Barana Biraaja Subesha Kanana Kundala Kunchita Kesha" describes him with a golden body, exquisite clothes, glittering earrings, enchanting curls and thus a figure to be adored. “Haatha Bajra Aur Dhwajaa Birajay Kaandhe Moonj Janeun Saanje” describes what Hanuman carries with him: a flag and a thunderbolt. "Shankara Suvana Kesaree Nandana Teja Pratapa Maha Jaga Vandana" means that the whole world pays homage to him as the son of Shankara (Shivas) and son of Kesari.

Hanuman opens his chest and shows that Rama and Sita are in his heart.

The Hanuman Chalisa is strictly chanted as a religious mantra and the verses are used as vakyas to focus on Hanuman and his praise. "Vidya Vaana Gunee Atee Chatur Ramakaja Kareebe Ko Aatur" means that one can know Hanuman with his good character, clever and always willing to do tasks for Rama. That he is an enthusiastic follower of Rama, Lakshama and Sita is expressed in the verse: "Prabhu Charitra Sunee Be Ko Rasiya Rama Lashmana Seeta Mana Basiya".

While the verse "Raghupatee Keenhee Bahuta Badhaayee Tuma Mama Priya Bharata Sama Bhayee" states that Raghupati (Rama) praises Hanuman as being as loved and valued as his own brother Bharata. The Hanuman Chalisa also describes how Hanuman inspired many with his honest appearance, for example Vibheeshana, who followed his advice to become king of Lanka.

Hanuman also rushed to Lanka, where he met Sita to please her with the happy message that her husband Rama was on his way to free her: "Prabhu Mudrika Meli Mukha Mayee Jaladee Laandhee Gaye Achara Janahee". Hanuman also receives the eight Siddhis from Sita - namely anima: to reduce the body to the size of an atom; Mahima to expand the body to an unprecedented size; Laghima: to be as light as a feather; Prapti: to have access anywhere; Garima: to become infinitely difficult; Prakamya: for wish fulfillment; Istiva: absolute domination and Vasitva: the ability to subjugate everyone. As described in "Ashta Siddhee Nava Nidhee Ke Daataa Asabara Deena Jaankee Maataa".

As one of the most sacred poems of the Hindus, the Hanuman Chalisa is not only popular with Hanuman devotees, but also always close at hand by worshipers of other Hindu deities.

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