What is Delhi famous for
17 highlights for your trip to Delhi / New Delhi
India's capital offers a long list of interesting sights. You should therefore plan several days for your stay. Here you will find the highlights in Delhi and the surrounding area at a glance.
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In 1911, New Delhi replaced the city of Calcutta as the Indian capital. New Delhi is part of Delhi, the third largest city in the world with more than 25 million inhabitants.
Delhi: the best places to visit
The Indian metropolis offers a variety of sights from temples to museums and parks. In the following I present 17 interesting highlights.
Qutub Minar Complex
The location of the Qutub Minar complex is of historical importance. In the 13th century, after the conquest, the first Muslim mosque was built there. Ruins today bear witness to this chapter in Indian history. Several mausoleums are also part of the complex. The complex has been a World Heritage Site since 1993.
Qutub Minar is located on the site. The renovated victory and watchtower served as a minaret. The original tower dates from the 13th century. With a height of 72 meters, it is one of the tallest Islamic towers in the world. However, it is no longer accessible to visitors since a mass panic triggered by a power failure that left several dead.
Address: Mehrauli, Seth Sarai, Mehrauli, New Delhi
Jama Masjid Mosque / Friday Mosque
The largest mosque in India is located in New Delhi's old town. Translated, Jama Masjid means "mosque that looks out over the world". The building, built in the 17th century, is one of the largest mosques in the world. White and black marble were used for parts of the facade and for the domes. Otherwise, the Jama Masjid consists mainly of red sandstone. There is space for more than 20,000 worshipers in the courtyard of the mosque.
Address: Meena Bazaar, Chandni Chowk New Delhi
The top points to the sky, and visitors enter the building under the flower petals. The lotus temple is an impressive structure. The origin of the name is self-explanatory when looking at the exterior facade.
The special feature: Believers of all religions gather here for prayer. The holy scriptures of all world religions are recited here. The Lotus Temple is one of seven continental Baha'i temples. Baha'itum is a religion that originated in Iran. All Baha'i temples have nine gates on all sides. These symbolize religious openness.
Address: Lotus Temple Rd, Block 9, Kalkaji, New Delhi
Gurudwara Bangla Sahib Temple
You can already see the golden dome of the Gurudwara Bangla Sahib Temple from afar. The largest Sikh sanctuary in India was built in the 18th century. The Sikh guru Har Krishnan once preached his teachings at the site of the temple. In 1947 the temple was rebuilt and got its current appearance.
The Sikh dress code and code of conduct apply during the temple visit.
Address: Ashoka Road, Connaught Place, Next to Grand Post Office, New Delhi
The 42 meter high triumphal arch is officially named India War Memorial. It commemorates the British-Indian soldiers who died in the First World War. More than 90,000 names of war dead are engraved on the stone of the gate. The imposing memorial is modeled on the French triumphal arch. In 1921 the building was designed by the British architect Edwin Lutyens.
Address: Rajpath Marg, India Gate, New Delhi, Delhi 110001
Rashtrapati Bhavan presidential seat
The splendid Rajpath Road connects the India Gate in the east with the government district in the west. There is the presidential seat of Rashtrapati Bhavan. The facility, built between 1921 and 1929, has a size of 130 hectares. The building, which was built for the viceroy at the time, has 340 rooms.
Unfortunately, the facility is not open to the public. Nevertheless, it is worth taking a look at the structure from the gate if you are in the area. The former symbol of British colonial power testifies to the eventful history of India.
The Mughal Gardens are part of the palace complex. They open their doors to visitors a few days a year.
Address: Rashtrapati Bhawan, President's Estate, New Delhi
The Lodi Gardens extend over an area of 360,000 square meters. Several mausoleums of high-ranking personalities belong to the park. For example the tombs of Mohammed Shah IV and Sikandar Lodi. Both were once rulers of the Delhi Sultanate and died in the 15th and 16th centuries.
The facility is spacious. Perfect for walking and relaxing.
Address: Lodhi Rd, Lodhi Gardens, Lodhi Estate, New Delhi
Dilli Haat weekly market
Strong colors in all variations, the smell of chapati in the air and traditional handicrafts make the Dilli-Haat weekly market an interesting excursion destination. The street market opened in 1994. In the meantime, the bazaar and food market has developed into a popular address for art and culture. The range of goods includes typical Indian saris, pottery, leather shoes and jewelry.
A small entry fee is fixed for visiting the market. The price level of the Dilli Haat is slightly higher compared to other markets. In return, the quality of many goods is usually better. Negotiating skills pays off.
Address: Kidwai Nagar West, Kidwai Nagar, New Delhi, Delhi 110023
UNESCO writes "Of exceptional cultural value" about the Humayun mausoleum, which has been declared a World Heritage Site. The tomb is dedicated to Nasiruddin Muhammad Humayun. He ruled the Mughal Empire of India for ten years. Construction of the mausoleum began between 1562 and 1564. It is located in the middle of the geometrically laid out garden.
The mausoleum and the surrounding park, in which there are other buildings, are a small oasis of calm within Delhi. Must see!
Address: Opposite Dargah Nizamuddin, Mathura Road, New Delhi
In 1724 the Hindu Hanuman Temple was built. The order for the construction was given by the Maharajas Mansingh and Jai Singh II. The temple is dedicated to the deity Hanuman, son of the wind and monkey god. The highlight of the facility is the 32 meter high statue of the Hanuman gods.
Note: The temple is very busy on Tuesday and Saturday. On both days, a particularly large number of devout Hindus visit the temple.
Address: 31, Shaheed Bhagat Singh Marg, Sector 4, Gole Market, New Delhi
Chandni Chowk / Moonlight Square Market
Delhi's oldest and busiest market has a long history. Goods were already being sold on the moonlight square in the 17th century. The traditional bazaar became famous as the venue for numerous Bollywood films. A visit to the mega market is an experience. Books, jewelry, fabrics, clothing, electronics: the range offers all sorts of conceivable consumer goods. The division of the site into different market areas and categories helps with orientation.
If you are looking for something specific, you can find out about the position on the Internet or on site. Otherwise, just get involved in the Chadni Chowk adventure. But don't forget to take a break at one of the food stalls.
Address: 2573, Nai Sarak, Roshanpura, Old Delhi, New Delhi
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Gandhi Smiriti Museum
Mahatma Gandhi fought for peace and equality. In 1948 he was the victim of an assassination attempt. Gandhi spent the last 144 days of his life in the Birla house. Today this house is called Gandhi Smiriti and has been converted into a museum. The exhibition provides information about the life and work of the Indian peace fighter. On the outside of the museum, the so-called »Martyrs' Column« commemorates the site of the attack. Gandhi continues to inspire people all over the world to peacefully resist racism and social inequality.
Address: 5, Tees January Marg, Near Claridges Hotel, New Delhi
Rajpath Boulevard / King’s Way
Every year on January 26th, the Republic Day Parade is held on Rajpath Boulevard. Rajpath is considered one of the most important roads in India and stretches from the official presidential seat to Delhi's national stadium. You have a great view of the boulevard from Raisina Hill.
Red Fort / Lal Qila
The Red Fort extends unmistakably just under a kilometer on the eastern outskirts of Delhi. The fortress and palace complex has been a World Heritage Site since 2007. The gigantic structure was built in the 17th century by order of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. Over the next four centuries, Lal Qila was expanded, looted and in parts destroyed.
The fort attracts millions of visitors every year and is one of the most visited attractions in India.
Address: Netaji Subhash Marg, Lal Qila, Chandni Chowk, New Delhi
20,000 exhibits, 12 collections, 3 floors: the collection of the Indian National Museum is extensive. What is shown ranges from pieces from prehistoric times to the 21st century. Thematically, the museum covers art and history. Archaeological excavations, jewelry, paintings or household items make up the diversity of the exhibition.
The museum is huge. To see everything and get to know the background, you would need several days. It is best to plan your visit in advance to make the most of your time.
Address: Rajpath Area, Central Secretariat, New Delhi
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Akshardham blends majestically into the landscape. After four years of construction, the complex, one of the largest temple complexes in the world, opened in 2005. The temple is a masterpiece of contemporary architecture. It combines culture and spirituality. The complex includes a garden and exhibitions. How about, for example, a small boat tour on an artificial river?
Note that there are security checks in front of the facility. Unfortunately, cameras or cell phones are not permitted in the temple. There are secure storage spaces for this at the entrance. But even if you can't take photos, the temple is definitely worth a visit!
If you want to avoid the greatest crowd, you should visit Akshardham in the morning.
360-degree panorama: airpano.com
Address: Noida Mor, Pandav Nagar, New Delhi
Birla Mandir / Laxminarayan Temple
In 1933 construction of the Laxminarayan Temple began, commissioned by Baldeo Das Birla. The rich Birla family had several institutions and temples built and thereby contributed to the development of India. That is why Laxminarayan is also known as the Birla Mandir Temple. However, there are several structures in India that bear this name.
Six years later, Mahatma Gandhi dedicated the temple. However, only on the condition that members of all castes would have access to the temple.
You can see sculptures, shrines, fountains and a garden next to the main building.
Address: Mandir Marg, Near Golmarket, Gole Market, New Delhi, Delhi 110001
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Photos: Lodi Gardens and Laxminarayan Temple by Shutterstock.com
Hanuman Temple by Daniel J. Rao / Shutterstock.com
The Moonlight Place Market by Silentgunman / Shutterstock.com
Rajpath Boulevard by Amit kg / Shutterstock.com
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About the author
Stefan has been traveling to the countries of Southeast Asia since 2006 and often spends several months there. In 2013 he founded Fascination Southeast Asia and since then has also written several eBooks and books on the subject (including the insider travel guide “555 Tips for Bangkok”). Between his travels he lives and works in Düsseldorf.
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