Are hair salons clean
Hygiene in the hairdressing salon: everything clean, or what?
As a hairdresser, you have to make sure that your customer only takes the new haircut home with them and not the germs from their predecessor - especially now during the COVID-19 pandemic. In the salon you get very close to your customers - that cannot be avoided. Scissors, curlers and combs inevitably come into contact with the customers' skin and hair. A real festival for bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. So what can you do for hygiene in the hair salon? And what are the hygiene regulations for hairdressers? In addition, we will of course give you an overview of the hygiene measures that must be observed in the hairdressing salon during the coronavirus pandemic.
Plus: Hairdressing entrepreneur Oliver Schmidt reveals in a free online talk how he implements the hygiene concept in his salon, why it is even more important to create a feel-good atmosphere in the salon and why he sees the mask requirement as an opportunity for the hairdressing trade!
What hygiene rules apply to hairdressers when they reopen after the second lockdown?
For weeks, the hairdressers have been looking forward to the reopening and worried about the new hygiene measures they will expect after the second lockdown. First of all, the good thing: There is not so much that is new to you! The new industry standard for the hairdressing trade has been adapted to the current SARS-CoV-2 occupational health and safety ordinance and the SARS-CoV-2 occupational health and safety regulations of the BMAS.
These are the most important changes compared to the last version from last year:
- A minimum area of 10 square meters per person must not be undercut if there are several people in the room.
- Break rooms must be continuously ventilated if several people are in them.
- Employees always wear at least mouth and nose protection (medical face mask), even during house calls.
- For customers, the prescribed coverage of the mouth and nose according to the respective regulations of the federal states applies.
- The use of FFP2 masks when serving customers who cannot wear the prescribed covering of their mouth and nose has been specified.
- The salon management must offer employees home office for office work or comparable activities, if there are no compelling operational reasons.
You can find the current occupational safety standard for the BGW's hairdressing trade here.Important: In addition - or going beyond the BGW standards - there are legal requirements on many topics, for example from federal states or districts, which must be complied with. Please inform yourself fully what applies to your salon!
SARS-CoV-2 occupational safety standard for the hairdressing trade after the first lockdown
Here you will find all the regulations that applied to hairdressers after the first lockdown. Much of it is still part of the updated occupational safety standard.
As of May 4th, 2020, hairdressers will be allowed to reopen "subject to hygiene requirements, to control access and avoid queues as well as using personal protective equipment", as stated in the resolution of the heads of government of the federal states. The professional association for health and welfare services (BGW) has now developed an industry standard for hairdressers based on the SARS-CoV-2 occupational safety standard of the Federal Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs (BMAS).
There are two principles that are necessary due to the direct contact between hairdressers and customers:
- For activities in which the minimum distance of 1.5 meters cannot be safely maintained, employees must be provided with mouth and nose covers. Customers must also wear a mouth and nose covering.
- People - employees and customers - with symptoms of an infection of the respiratory tract (unless a cold has been clarified by a doctor) or fever should generally not be in the hairdressing salon. The company must establish a procedure for clarifying suspected cases (e.g. in the case of fever; see RKI recommendations), for example as part of an infection emergency plan
We have also summarized the most important points for the:
- If necessary, reducing the number of workplaces in the salon in order to maintain a distance of at least 1.5 meters in all directions and taking into account an appropriate freedom of movement (make clear by marking or barriers)
- Closure of the waiting area and play areas
- Checkout area: protective shield between customers and checkout
- Serving several customers at the same time only with the following protective measures:
- cleaned or unused work materials per customer
- Safety distance of 1.5 meters
- Observe personal hygiene / hand disinfection / change of disposable protective gloves and mouth and nose cover
Sanitary and break rooms:
- Provision of hand disinfectants, skin-friendly liquid soaps and disposable towels
- Sufficient cleaning and hygiene through adapted cleaning intervals
- Sufficient distance in break rooms, if necessary separate breaks in small rooms
- Sufficient ventilation in all rooms in all weather conditions
Home visits and mobile hairdressers:
- The same rules apply here
- Before making a home visit, check whether this can be implemented at the customer's premises
Special infection protection measures:
- Disinfect or wash hands after entering the salon
- Customers and hairdressers wear a mouth and nose cover if the minimum distance of 1.5 meters cannot be maintained
- Provision of sufficient mouth and nose covers and disposable gloves by the salon owner
- The customer's cloak must cover all possible contact points
- Performing services exclusively on washed hair
- Mandatory wearing of disposable gloves
- Washing or disinfecting hands after each customer contact
- Prohibition of facial services such as eyebrow and eyelash tinting, shaving and beard grooming
- No hospitality whatsoever
- Ban on magazines
- No blow-drying by the customer
- Wipe contact surfaces such as hairdressing chairs and shelves with a grease-dissolving household cleaner after each customer
Office work, meetings and training
- Carrying out office work from the home office
- Reduction of meetings and training to a minimum
- Use work utensils only on a washed head
- Cleaning after each customer
- Divide the same people into common shifts in order to reduce personal contact
- Use of disposable cloaks made of fabric or plastic
- Laundry, including private outerwear, must remain in the salon and be washed there
Access by people:
- Access only after making an appointment and asking about possible symptoms and contacting the sick
- Mandatory documentation of customer contact data and the time of entry / exit - customer protocol
- Instruction of the employees about the prevention and occupational safety measures
You can find the detailed SARS-CoV-2 occupational safety standard for the hairdressing trade here.
Free app for the mandatory collection of customer data
Do you already know our free app? The Shore Light visitor log supports you in the mandatory recording of visiting times and contact details of your customers.
Create an entry with the necessary contact information for each customer visit, confirm the query of symptoms and contact with the sick and record the time at which the customer entered and left the salon. In this way you ensure that all important data is recorded in one place and can be reliably accessed in the event of official inquiries. The data is securely stored on German servers and deleted after 30 days.
Sounds exciting? The Shore Light Visitor Log App is now available in the App Store and Google Play Store.
Where can you get masks, disinfectants and the like for your salon?
In order to be able to comply with the prescribed hygiene measures, some equipment is required. But where do you get masks? Where can you buy a plexiglass protector? And where else can you find disinfectants? The Central Association of the German Hairdressing Trade has created a good overview on its website.
Online talk with Oliver Schmidt on the subject of hygiene in the hairdressing salon & reopening
Our CEO, Nikbin Rohany, met hairdresser Oliver Schmidt for a virtual talk. The two talked about how the hairdressing industry has changed - and will change - due to the Corona crisis. What does the salon concept of the future look like? Is digitization becoming a must? Is now the right time to raise prices? The two answer these and many other questions in one around 30-minute conversation.
Oliver Schmidt also reveals how he implements the hygiene concept in his salon, why it is even more important to create a feel-good atmosphere in the salon and why he sees the mask requirement as an opportunity for the hairdressing trade.
And here's the online talk:
Regular hygiene rules for hairdressers - outside of the coronavirus pandemic
Due to the inevitable physical contact with customers, hygiene plays a major role in the hairdressing salon. An unclean comb, tiny traces of blood on the hair clipper or germs on the brush - these can all be the beginning of a small (or large) disaster. That is why there are certain minimum requirements that are prescribed by law. The Hygiene Ordinance, which each federal state issues separately, regulates specific measures. So if you are opening or running a hair salon, it is imperative that you deal with these requirements. If you do not do this, you face high penalties, because compliance is checked by the health and trade authorities. If you have not heard of this regulation so far, you should make up for it as soon as possible!
The individual federal states set different priorities for the hygiene ordinance. Therefore, it is not possible to say in general which points you have to pay attention to. However, we have put together a few general tips on hygiene in the hairdressing salon - which will protect you, your employees and your customers as best as possible!
Hygiene - what is it actually?
Colloquially, hygiene is often equated with cleanliness. But that is not entirely true. The word hygiene originally comes from the Greek and means something like "(art) serving health". According to the WHO (World Health Organization), hygiene refers to the conditions and actions that serve to maintain health and prevent the spread of disease. So much for theory.
6 tips for hygiene in the hairdressing salon
1. Disposable gloves are a must
Actually, disposable gloves for hairdressers should be as natural as buckling up in the car. One thing is clear to us: They are not beautiful and neither are they comfortable. But they protect against the consequences of wet work (dry, cracked hands, eczema, etc.) as well as against chemicals and form a barrier against germs. Disposable gloves should always be used when working with water or substances such as shampoo, cleaning agents or hair dyes - or when there is a risk of infection, for example in the case of visible skin diseases.
2. Don't forget to wash your hands
Actually, this point should go without saying, but better safe than sorry! Hands must be washed at the beginning of work, after every use of the toilet, after blowing your nose and before and after eating. That should sound familiar to you from childhood. That's why we don't want to waste a lot of time at this point. Basically, you should wash your hands thoroughly before every new customer.
It is also important that you use a washing lotion from the dispenser and disposable towels for the sake of hygiene. Bars of soap or towels are the purest germ paradise and therefore taboo! You only need to disinfect your hands if the customer has a visible skin disease or a cut.
3. Jewelry must stay at home
According to TRGS 530 "Hairdressing" (TRGS stands for Technical Rules for Hazardous Substances), hairdressers are not allowed to wear jewelry such as rings, bracelets or watches on their hands and arms at work. Why? Quite simply: chemicals and moisture cannot be completely removed from under the jewelry and thus contribute to pathological changes to the skin. You should also avoid using artificial fingernails. This is where bacteria and fungi can settle under the nails, the glove can tear or the customer can be injured.
4. Properly care for wounds
Wherever scissors and knives are used, cuts are not far away. Unfortunately, this cannot be avoided. The most important thing is the quick and correct care of the wound. This is the only way to prevent infection from pathogens in the blood. Correct wound care definitely includes disposable gloves, disinfectants and sterile bandages. By the way: A small first-aid kit in accordance with DIN 13157 is mandatory. And this should always be ready to hand and complete. This is also part of the hygiene in the hairdressing salon.
5. Clean and disinfect properly
Quickly wipe the salon furnishings with the customer's towel or sneeze into the hands and then tousled through the customer's hair? A little exaggerated - but that's not how it works. All utensils that your employees and your customers come into contact with should be in perfect (germ-free) condition. This only works if you value correct cleaning and disinfection. Towels belong in the washing machine at 60 degrees after each use and then in the dryer. Reusable capes must be washed daily and may only be used with disposable crepe paper (ruff). Correct hygiene in your salon also includes sweeping your hair after every haircut - and not only when the hair is piled meters high on the floor. Contact surfaces such as chairs, the work or sanitary area must also be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected at least once a day. Then there are scissors, combs, hair curlers and the like - they have to be roughly cleaned after each customer and wet cleaned at the end of the day and then disinfected. Devices such as razors or tweezers, which are very likely to cause injuries, must be disinfected after each use. In the event of contact with blood or other body secretions, the following generally applies: Disinfect directly!
6. Eating, drinking, smoking
A hearty cheese bread is something fine - but not in the work rooms! According to the technical rules for hazardous substances for the hairdressing trade, food and drinks are only allowed in the break room. Smoking is also not permitted for hygienic reasons.
How is the hygiene in your salon?
When it comes to hygiene, there are a few things to consider in the hairdressing salon. But you don't want to drink from the last guest's glass in the restaurant or lie down on the sweaty lounger with a massage. Your customers and employees are important to you - try to protect them as best you can from all the bad bacteria, viruses and co.
Now is a good time to create a salon hygiene routine.
The professional association for health and welfare services has made a couple of exciting downloads available on the subject. On the one hand you will find a cleaning and disinfection plan there and on the other hand a skin protection and hand hygiene plan - both especially for hairdressers.
Here you can find all articles about COVID19:
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