Which cake or lasagna was first invented

The history of pasta: who invented pasta?

Pasta or noodles are now available in all possible variations, but where do they come from?

Young and old love it, it is available in cans for a few cents in the supermarket, but also in the gourmet temples of the star chefs, and everyone has positive experiences with it - the pasta is literally on everyone's lips. But if you ask where the pasta comes from and who invented it, the answers are often rather vague.

The answer that appears logical and is certainly the most frequently given answer is surely Italy. It is still a synonym for pasta enjoyment today. But it is not that easy. In fact, the first demonstrable appearance of the pasta in Italian cuisine was in the 12th century. The geographer Al-Idrisi is the author of the first written evidence that in Sicily, near Palermo, threads of wheat were cooked. In the 12th century? The noodles were known for a long time, says every culinary expert now. So if the Italians didn't discover the pasta that is ubiquitous and popular these days, who will? Opinions differ here. The fact is that the oldest written evidence of the production and consumption of noodles comes from China, from the times of the Han Dynasty (206 BC to 220 AD). But the noodles were also known to the ancient Greeks: in graves from around 400 BC. Archaeologists found images of equipment used to make pasta. There are also reports of 'lagoni', a flat, pasta-like dish, in ancient Roman texts by Horace and Cicero, and in one of the first cookbooks written by the Roman Apicius around 25 BC. BC, you can actually find some pasta recipes.

So the inventor of noodles and pasta is difficult to pin down. How exactly the recipe came to Italy to become the national dish there is therefore just as uncertain. Various myths and legends have grown up around this story.

According to the most famous legend, Marco Polo got to know the dish on one of his trips to China and then enthusiastically imported it to his home country Italy. This legend also provides the connection between pasta and, above all, spaghetti, to the Italian temperament: A young Chinese girl is said to have fallen head over heels in love with the tall, strong Italian with the fiery eyes and when her fingers ran through the dough, she fell in love with him kneading it vigorously and then stretching it ecstatically, the first spaghetti threads were created. Another legend ascribes the import of pasta far less romantically to the Arabs who occupied Sicily in 827. They had known the pasta for a long time and they brought the occupied island to the taste of the pasta.

A third legend attributes the origin to the Italians themselves, but it is a story of lies and deception: The legend takes place in the Naples region, which is actually a stronghold of pasta. A magician is said to have had the decisive flash of thought there. But he didn't want to share it with others, he was well aware of the effect of his creation. In the end, it was a beautiful woman, his young neighbor, who drove him out of the secret with her charms. Jovanella was the name of the hot-blooded Neapolitan beauty who convinced the magician to teach her the recipe. With the new knowledge she went to the court of the Staufer King Friedrich II, and cooked the pasta dish for him. The king and his entire court staff were completely enthusiastic. The young woman was showered with wealth - only the poor wizard, who was beaten with the only weapon against which he had no elixir, went away empty-handed.

So there are many legends about pasta and how it is made. The fact is that a pasta culture has developed on the Italian coast, especially in the Naples region, because of the particularly clean and germ-free air that is well suited for drying the dough, which is rightly considered the cradle of the mass phenomenon of pasta can be designated. From there, pasta began its triumphal march into the world and has developed into a diverse dish that today inspires young and old, poor and rich alike.