Is C3R treatment safe?
France: creation of two new research laboratories
Marie de Chalup Scientific department
Scientific Department, French Embassy in the Federal Republic of Germany
The IRSN (Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety) and the CNRS (National Center for Scientific Research) opened two new joint research laboratories on March 16, 2010: the C3R (Reaction Kinetics, Combustion and Reactivity) in cooperation with the University of Lille 1 and the ETIC (Fire Investigations in a Closed System) in cooperation with the Universities of Aix-Marseille I and II. A day of scientific cooperation was organized on this occasion, on which the joint research activities were presented, the aim of which is to improve reactor safety.
In the C3R, the IRSN and the Laboratory for Physical Chemistry of Atmospheric and Combustion Processes work together (CNRS / University of Lille 1). The research topics dealt with in this laboratory concern reaction kinetics in the gas phases and in heterogeneous phases, radiation chemistry and combustion. Particular attention is paid to the modeling of iodine chemistry under the influence of radiation and under inconsistent thermodynamic conditions, an important research topic of the Directorate for Combating Incidents (DPAM) of the IRSN.
The ETIC brings together the IRSN and the University Institute for Industrial Warming Systems (CNRS / Universities of Aix-Marseille I and II). The modeling of a fire in a closed and ventilated system is to be improved by a detailed investigation of the combustion of solid fuels under low-oxygen conditions and by improved measures in large-scale experiments carried out by the DPA.
These laboratories, the result of a long-term collaboration between the IRSN, the CNRS and the universities, can carry out the research necessary to assess the risks associated with nuclear activities. They also enable the acquisition of the comprehensive knowledge necessary to deal with very complex topics and to implement the most advanced simulation and test techniques to improve safety. In addition, this exemplary collaboration between the research teams contributes to a closer connection between the research institutions and institutions that provide training through research. The following methods have proven themselves when applying basic knowledge to practical problems: bringing together complementary competencies, joint development and handling of model and simulation instruments, passing on acquired knowledge and skills in special cases, building up an interdisciplinary dialogue.
- Pascale Portes - IRSN - Tel .: +33 1 58 35 70 33 - Email: [email protected]
- Cécile Pérol - CNRS - Tel .: +33 1 44 96 43 90 - Email: [email protected]
Source: IRSN press release - March 2010
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