What is good for a cat
Specialization in carnal food
A full-fledged free-range diet is hardly a problem for outdoor animals who have been tried to hunt, especially if they can still find plenty of prey in rural surroundings.
For cats, on the other hand, who are dependent on the food given by their humans, it is important that the needs of their metabolism are taken into account when composing the food.
In the course of evolution, the cat has specialized in carnal food. This is not only expressed through their clearly visible features, such as the teeth, but also through the digestion and utilization of the food.
Certain metabolic processes have been lost in cats in the course of their specialization. For example, compared to other mammals, cats need more protein. They have to take in some vitamins and other nutrients from the meat of their prey.
A purely vegetarian diet would be devastating for cats. Cats need food that is high in protein and amino acids.
By the way, cats also eat grass. Not to feed on it, but to throw up. The hairballs in the stomach that are picked up when brushing the fur must be removed in this way.
A balanced menu
In principle, you can prepare cat food yourself. In any case, you have to pay attention to a balanced and full composition of all necessary nutrients. The appropriate know-how should be available for this. There are guides and "cat cookbooks" in specialist shops.
Advice can and should also be obtained from the vet. However, if you want to become a star chef for house cats, you need a lot of time and leisure - very few cat owners will be able to muster both often enough. In this case, industrially manufactured feed is the better alternative.
Many manufacturers offer special food for cats of different ages, precisely tailored to their needs.
If the finished feed has a water content of around 75 to 80 percent, it is referred to as moist or wet food. If it has twelve or less percent water content, you are dealing with dry food.
Both have advantages and disadvantages: With moist food, the cat's fluid requirements are largely covered. With dry food, on the other hand, it is important to ensure that sufficient liquid is available.
On the other hand, the dry food is more durable and can be offered to the cat in larger rations, provided it is not prone to weight problems and gorging. So the cat can decide for itself when and how much to eat.
However, you should regularly check the weight of the cat and if there is a risk of bacon rolls, it is better to use controlled feed.
By the way: milk is not recommended for adult cats. It causes diarrhea. A lot and sufficient fresh water is all the more important for this.
A few golden rules
Young cats need three to four meals a day, adult cats should be fed twice a day: in the morning and in the evening. Old cats should be given the opportunity to eat three times a day.
Food should always be given punctually at the same times of the day. The dining area must be quiet and the cat should not be disturbed during meals.
Do not offer cold food! If there is canned food: take it out of the refrigerator in good time and wait until the temperature of the food has adjusted to room temperature.
Hygiene is important! Always offer a clean bowl. Wash the food spoon with hot water (without detergent) after every meal.
If the cat lives out of the can, a cat-friendly (not heavily spiced or salted) treat can be served from the lunch table. Ideally not directly, but at the usual feeding place on an extra plate, this avoids begging later.
However, always make sure that it is a harmless treat that does not contain any ingredients such as chicken bones that are prone to splintering or sharp cut edges (yogurt cups).
However, the cat should not get used to such gifts as a matter of course, but see them as an occasional welcome change from canned or dry food.
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