What is the use of home automation

Smart home / home automation / home automation

Smart Home provides for the electronic networking of everyday objects with the independent exchange of information without human intervention. Smart home is in fact the implementation of the Internet of Things.

As a further development of home and house automation, smart home is actually old hat. Before there was a smart home, "home automation" was always a hot topic. In the context of the respective current technical possibilities and the prevailing ideas at the time, there were different versions of products and implementations. However, it always suffered from the fact that the networking and power supply of the components were forced to rely on cable connections. This meant that, in addition to purchasing expensive and proprietary components, cables also had to be installed. That was not interesting for existing properties or new buildings.
The technical advancement led to small, radio-operated and energy-saving components.

What has also changed over time is ease of use. At the beginning there were corresponding switches, perhaps also a dedicated control unit. For a long time, smartphones and tablets were considered to be the measure of all things. Voice assistants are now part of the main control of smart homes.

Areas of application

  • Ambient Assisted Living (AAL)
  • Energy management (heating control, consumption analysis and savings programs)
  • Entertainment (access to radio, television, multimedia services and stored audio and video data)
  • Building automation (functional networking)

In practice, the following components are used in these areas of application.

  • Heating thermostats
  • Networked light sources
  • Radio-controlled sockets
  • Presence detection sensors
  • Door / window sensors
  • Audio / video equipment
  • Cameras

Wireless systems for smart homes

All smart home components work together via radio systems. There are quasi-standards in individual areas. ZigBee is used in the field of networked light sources and batteryless contacts and switches. DECT ULE, Bluetooth, Z-Wave and WLAN also occur in some cases. There are also a number of open and proprietary protocols and radio systems.

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