Where do criminals live

After raids in Neukölln : These are the new territories of the clans in Berlin

The traditional traders, neighbors and strollers at Tempelhofer Hafen are still getting used to such scenes. Inflated men from a well-known clan hold court in a well-located eatery. Sometimes souped-up luxury cars drive up every minute, for the price of which two small cars would also be available.

The subsequent appearance of the men often looks like a planned staging - officials in any case recognized the bearded giants immediately as they drove by. A few months ago they had mostly seen these gentlemen showing off in Neukölln.

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While the Berlin authorities are cracking down on clan criminals, the residential and crime scenes favored in the milieu are changing. This has to do with both state repression and territorial expansion. In any case, the approach tried and tested in Neukölln is showing its first effects. The raids carried out by the police, customs, trade supervisory authorities and the public order office unsettled at least some of the well-known men.

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On the other hand, hundreds of them are still involved in criminal structures. In addition, adolescents from well-known families - the sons and grandchildren of those who once immigrated from Lebanon - are looking for their own apartments and fields of activity.

Neukölln's mayor Hikel: Clans give up meetings due to constant pressure

State pressure and internal milieu reorientation - both contribute to the current dynamic. A few years ago the families were predominantly active in North Neukölln. Raids have been taking place there almost every week for a year. “All of our experiences show that the Neukölln model works.

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With our joint operations, we disrupt illegal business and punish every little thing, ”Neukölln's mayor Martin Hikel (SPD) told Tagesspiegel. "As a result, meeting points are given up, that is one of the most important findings of our operations."

[More on the subject:Criminal clans are not the result of a failed integration policy]

According to Tagesspiegel research, relatives and assistants from well-known families often no longer meet in Neukölln shisha bars, but in Tempelhof and Charlottenburg. Real estate prices and rents are not cheaper there; However, in certain quarters you can earn money from new pubs, toy libraries and car rental companies - many streets in Neukölln are already full of them.

In addition, the extended families want to avoid the constant use of the police, trade supervisory authority and public order office in Neukölln.

"I would appreciate it if our joint operations with the various authorities in Berlin set a precedent and the other districts join in," said Hikel. “Because our goal is not just to drive clan crime out of Neukölln, but to fight it sustainably. To do this, we need perseverance and a determined demeanor throughout the city. ”In Spandau, investigators meanwhile estimate eleven objects as“ clan-related ”meetings.

Fight against the clans: Charlottenburg could learn from Neukölln

Only a few days ago a dispute escalated in the milieu in which men from the A family and former rockers were involved. Some of those involved work as car rental companies, whose cars are used as so-called cocaine taxis - a lucrative business if all those involved remain silent after the regular but often inconclusive arrests.

What is new about the dispute is that it took place near Savignyplatz, which was previously unknown for such acts - including firearms. Reinhard Naumann, the mayor of Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf, knows about the innovations in his district. The SPD politician meets with his Neukölln counterpart Hikel in August. It will be about which measures can be transferred.

"Hikel actually does it very well," said Michael Kuhr, who, as the head of a security service, knows many clan criminals. Now politicians have to stay tuned. In Tempelhof, the aforementioned restaurant serves as a meeting place for the C family, who are known in the community; it was recently temporarily closed due to building law concerns. It is expected that District Mayor Angelika Schöttler (SPD) will favor an inter-agency policy like in Neukölln.

Unrest after the deportation of the Miri clan boss to Beirut

As usual in the milieu, the C. family comes from Lebanon. Relatives have been noticed with robbery and drug trafficking - while men and women from another branch of the family have regular jobs. Members of the extended C. family now also reside in Biesdorf - until now the clans have avoided east Berlin. A man who is counted as part of the Miri clan also appeared in the vicinity of the C. family.

[More on the subject:Meeting places, raids, crime scenes - how the state acts against Berlin clans]

As reported, its head was deported in a secret operation by night flight from Bremen via Berlin to Beirut. For years the Lebanese authorities refused to accept the men who fled during the civil war there. The well-known clans had often come to Lebanon beforehand from Arab communities in southern Turkey or as Palestinian refugees. The government in Beirut often does not recognize them as citizens.

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The fact that 46-year-old Ibrahim Miri has now been deported with Beirut's blessing has alarmed some in the community. Many clans accept prison sentences in Berlin. Because there are more Arab prisoners in the prisons and the families have a reputation in the institutions too, such punishments are only moderately disturbing. Deportations are considered to be riskier because the heads of families in Beirut are not necessarily as feared as in Berlin.

Many clan elders are not German citizens, but not all of them will be able to be deported, even if Interior Senator Andreas Geisel (SPD) made an appearance in Beirut in May. The younger ones are German citizens who were born in Berlin anyway.

This also applies to the Remmo clan: A relative born in 1998 is currently standing in front of the regional court on suspicion of murder. He is said to have killed a man who once lent money to the Remmos and has now demanded it back. The verdict will be given this Wednesday. The Remmos became known in 2018: The judiciary had provisionally confiscated 77 properties that should belong to the family on suspicion of money laundering.

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