What animals sweat like people

Can animals sweat?

Depending on the animal species, various regulatory mechanisms are available that are able to keep the body temperature constant down to 0.1 ° Celsius.

dogs

only have sweat glands on the pads of their paws. They lower their internal body temperature mainly through panting. The mouth is opened wide and the tongue is stuck out. Breathing is accelerated. The evaporation of saliva on the surface of the tongue creates a cooling effect.

Cats

can hardly sweat either. Panting causes water to evaporate on the tongue and throat. The body temperature drops. If the fur is moistened by licking, a cooling effect also occurs through evaporation of the liquid.

Rabbits

maintain their internal body temperature mainly through the energy they consume with their food. If the ambient temperature rises sharply, the rabbits are no longer able to give off enough heat through the skin. If the ambient temperature rises above 25 ° Celsius, the heat dissipation through the ears and faster breathing is no longer sufficient. In addition, the animals reduce their fluid intake from these temperatures. In the wild, they retreat to cool rabbit burrows. If kept in cages, refrigeration must be provided.

Guinea pig

are able to control their internal body temperature immediately after birth. The animals are unable to sweat and use panting to cool their bodies when the outside temperature is high. Heat stress already occurs from a temperature of 25 ° Celsius, which puts extreme stress on the animals' bodies and can lead to death from heat stroke.
Small rodents are mainly cave dwellers. They are hardly able to compensate for high ambient temperatures by actively cooling the body. Temperatures above 25 ° Celsius can be fatal. Since the animals do not have sweat glands, they moisten their fur with saliva. The evaporation of the liquid cools the body down a little. The animals lose a lot of fluid through this process. They dry out quickly.

Birds

cannot sweat, they restrict movement as much as possible in high ambient temperatures. The less they move, the less heat is generated by the energy consumption. The excess heat can only be given off through areas of the skin where there are no feathers (head, stand). The cooling takes place mainly from the outside by staying in shady places, bathing in water and using cool air currents. The surface of the skin is enlarged through the use of sackcloths with the beak wide open. More fluid can be evaporated through faster breathing.

THEREFORE, always provide an opportunity for cooling when the temperature rises.

Some animals are particularly at risk of heat stroke at high temperatures: brachycephalic breeds such as pugs, French bulldogs, cavalier King Charles Spaniels and Pekingese are more at risk in dogs. Retrievers and Malinois are also particularly at risk of heat stroke in high ambient temperatures.

Small rodents are at great risk as their organs are quickly damaged by dehydration.

If birds cannot retreat to shady places, the body quickly receives too little oxygen. Death occurs within minutes from heart failure.