What are the Thai musical instruments


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The instruments
Unfortunately, this website does not offer enough space to present a complete catalog of all musical instruments to be found in Thailand, so I am concentrating on special instruments, some of which come from the numerous ethnic minorities,
and on instruments from my constantly growing collection:

o The zither Jarakhe
o The pan flute Wot
o The Dulcimer Khim
o The mouth organ Naw
o The Tünak harp from the Karen people
o The lute Subü from the Lisu people
o The Monochord Pin Pia
o The lute sueng
o The cymbal ching
o The humpback gongs
o The violin Saw
o The Khlui bamboo flute> Instrument Shops (English) <

As in many other Asian countries, the central aspect is the respective ensemble, which determines the mood, playing style and appearance of an instrument. Solo use of individual instruments is rarely to be found, the functionalization in the ensemble is superficial, for example in the ensembles that can also be found in Laos and Cambodia under other names "Pi Phat" and "Mohori”.

Solo performance is not uncommon, but it is dominated by the central ensemble forms. Singing lines often do not run homophonically with the ensemble's playing, and an aerophone is always responsible for tuning the instruments, as the "Pi" in the name "Piphat" already suggests. Although the composition of the ensemble is strictly prescribed, it can happen that a musician or an instrument is not available and is left out or otherwise replaced. Basically, the game is played while seated, by heart and without notes. In addition to the Piphat and Mahori Ensemble, there is also the Khrüang sai ensemble, which is dominated by string instruments.

But in addition to these three main forms, we meet a wide variety of orchestras, including the bua loi that accompanies the sword fight and the famous klawn khaek ensemble playing Thai boxing. The piphat is a rhythmically shaped ensemble of xylophones, gongs and drums, while the mahori is a smaller version of it, and the khrüang sai consists of at least two fiddles, a zither and a bamboo flute - yet these different ensembles share additional designations, the Specify the instrumentation: "ha" (quintet), "khu" (double line-up) or "yai" (large ensemble of at least 13 instruments, can be played with hard ("mai khaeng") and soft hammers ("mai nuam") ). Special ensembles here are the Piphat mawn, recognizable by its upright semicircle made of gongs, the Piphat nang hong, which plays Muslim songs, and the rare theater orchestra Piphat dükdanbam.

Picture overview: The ensemble forms of Thailand

A list with descriptions of the various instruments can also be found in the “Thai Music” category on Wikipedia
Please also visit my video list - there you will find hundreds of videos with Thai instruments!