What makes white lions white

White Lion

The pride, which consists entirely of white lions, hunts successfully and raises its litter of young animals in the wild without human help. White lions are living mythical animals. They are a rare variant of the well-known brown lions. White lions have a genetic peculiarity, a white to cream-colored fur and bright blue eyes, not red as in albinos. After the tiger, the lion is the second largest cat and therefore the largest land predator in Africa. A male lion has a head-torso length of 1.70 to 2.50 meters, a shoulder height of about 1.20 meters and a tail length of around one meter. Adult males have an average body weight of 225 kilograms. With a head-trunk length of 1.40 to 1.75 meters, a shoulder height of one meter, a tail 85 centimeters long, females are significantly more delicate and weigh around 150 kilograms. On average, lions have a higher shoulder height than tigers, but are overall slightly shorter. Today the largest lions live in southern Africa, the smallest in Asia. Male specimens also have a long mane, which in the case of the White Lions is cream-colored to white. North of the Sahara, the species became extinct in the 1940s, and the Asiatic lion populations were almost completely destroyed during the 20th century. Lions are adaptable and can be found in a wide variety of habitats. The lion's preferred habitat is the savannah, but it also occurs in dry forests and semi-deserts. It is never found in dense, damp forests or waterless deserts. Therefore, the species is naturally absent in the central African rainforests and the driest deserts in North Africa and the Near East. The term "desert king" is therefore incorrect. Lions reach sexual maturity at two to three years of age, their physiological maturity at 18 months. Even if a male is at the top of the hierarchy, it can only mate with a female with her consent. After a gestation period of around four months, the lioness gives birth to one to four blind cubs - away from the pack and hidden -, each weighing around 1.5 kilograms and 50 centimeters tall. The lifespan of a lion can be 14 to 20 years. As a rule, however, only females reach this age. Males are killed or driven away long beforehand by a younger competitor, can no longer find a pack and starve to death. Often they do not get older than seven to twelve years. However, some lions have lived in the zoo for up to 34 years.