How does a person get Lyme disease
Most infections with Borrelia go unnoticed. However, if there are complaints, these are very different and can occur at different times individually or in combination. This means that borreliosis is not always easy to recognize.
A typical sign that occurs in around 90% of cases is the so-called wandering redness (erythema migrans). This is an at least 5 cm ring-shaped reddening of the skin, which is usually paler in the middle than on the edge and slowly spreads outwards over days. Wandering redness develops three to 30 days after the tick bite in the area of the puncture site. However, it can also occur on other parts of the body, such as the legs, head or neck. Fever, lymph node swelling, muscle and joint pain are also possible in the further course of the disease. Nodular or bluish-red swellings of the skin occur much less often and predominantly in children. These skin changes are mainly found on the ear, on the nipples or in the genital area.
In individual cases, chronic inflammation of the skin (acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans) can occur. The skin on the inside of the arms, legs, fingers or toes changes and becomes paper-thin and bluish as the process progresses.
If the Borrelia attack the nervous system, it is called neuroborreliosis. This occurs in around three out of 100 people with the disease. Symptoms of neuroborreliosis usually begin a few weeks to months after the tick bite. Burning nerve pains are typical and worsen especially at night. This is often accompanied by facial paralysis on one or both sides. Inflammatory nerve irritation is also possible, leading to numbness, visual or hearing impairment and, in rare cases, paralysis of the trunk, arms or legs. In children, neuroborreliosis manifests itself more often in the form of non-purulent meningitis, which can be accompanied by severe headaches or sudden facial paralysis. Late neuroborreliosis can very rarely develop over months to years.
About five out of 100 sufferers develop inflammation of the joints (Lyme arthritis). They most often affect the knee joints, less often the ankle or elbow joints, and are usually intermittent and recurring.
Very rarely, in the course of the disease, the heart can also be affected, with inflammation or arrhythmias of the heart.
- Alibaba products can be dropshiped
- The speed of sound is the greatest in
- Is link building still relevant for SEO?
- Bats have hollow bones like birds
- How does a gretsch drum sound
- There is a logo competition
- Do detox drinks work for ETG
- Do you make to-do lists
- What is the work of supercomputers
- Can you decipher the word Enoph?
- This is how the ATM works
- Who invented femto photography?
- Christianity advocates racism
- How do animals deal with menstrual pain
- Can a future AI make art
- You can create a website with Scratch
- What did you learn from cricket
- Who is the father of Babur
- Who is Young Thug
- All companies need a business analyst
- Which coaching class is best for CDS
- Has digital photography made an overdose of photography
- What did teachers do that frustrated you
- What is your rating of Washington state