Hang gliding is prohibited in Karnataka

North India

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Tamil Nadu (Tamil pronunciation: IPA: [t̪amiɻ n̪aːᶑu]; pronunciation; TamiḻNāṭu; literally "The Land of the Tamils" or "Tamil Land") is one of the 29 states of India. Its capital and largest city is Chennai (formerly known as Madras). Tamil Nadu is located in the southernmost part of the Indian peninsula and borders the Puducherry union area and the southern Indian states of Kerala, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. It is bounded by the Eastern Ghats in the north, by the Nilgiri, the Anamalai Hills and Kerala in the west, by the Bay of Bengal in the east, by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait in the southeast and by the Indian Ocean in the south. The state shares a maritime border with the nation of Sri Lanka.
Tamil Nadu is the eleventh largest state in India and the sixth largest in terms of area. According to the Human Development Index of 2011, the state ranked 6th among the states of India and is the second largest economy in India after Maharashtra with a gross domestic product of USD 13.842 billion (USD 210 billion). Tamil Nadu was ranked one of the top seven industrialized countries in India based on a "Multidimensional Development Index" in a 2013 report by the Reserve Bank of India. Its official language is Tamil, one of the longest surviving classical languages ​​in the world.
Tamil Nadu is home to many natural resources. In addition, its people developed and continued classical art, classical music, and classical literature. Historic buildings and religious sites include Hindu temples of Tamil architecture, hill stations, beach resorts, multi-religious pilgrimage sites, and eight UNESCO World Heritage Sites.


Archaeological evidence indicates that this area is one of the longest continuous settlements on the Indian peninsula. In Adichanallur, 15 miles from Tirunelveli, archaeologists from the Archaeological Institute of India (ASI) have found 169 clay urns containing human skulls, skeletons, bones, shells, grains of rice, charred rice and Celts from the Neolithic period, 3,800 years earlier. The ASI archaeologists have suggested that the script used here is "very rudimentary" Tamil Brahmi. Adichanallur has been announced as an archaeological site for further excavation and study. About 60 percent of all epigraphic inscriptions found by the ASI in India are from Tamil Nadu, and most of them are in the Tamil language. Indus valley script between 2000 and 1500 BC Chr.
A Neolithic stone kelt (a hand-held ax) with the Indus script on it was discovered in Sembian-Kandiyur near Mayiladuthurai in Tamil Nadu. According to the epigrapher Iravatham Mahadevan, this was the first


Tamil Nadu covers an area of ​​130,058 km and is the eleventh largest state in India. The neighboring states are Kerala in the west, Karnataka in the northwest and Andhra Pradesh in the north. To the east lies the Bay of Bengal and the state encircles the union area of ​​Puducherry. The southernmost tip of the Indian peninsula is Kanyakumari, the meeting point of the Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal and the Indian Ocean.
The western, southern and northwestern parts are hilly and rich in vegetation. The Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats meet in the Nilgiri Hills. The Western Ghats cross the entire western border of Kerala and effectively block much of the rain clouds from the southwest monsoons. The eastern parts are fertile coastal plains and the northern parts are a mixture of hills and plains. The central and southern central regions are arid plains and receive less rainfall than the other regions.
Tamil Nadu has a coast


The city is loosely divided into four areas: South Scottsdale (McKellips Road north to Thomas Road), Old Town (Downtown) Scottsdale, Central Scottsdale (also known as the Shea Corridor, extends from Camelback Road north of Shea Boulevard), and North Scottsdale .
South Scottsdale has been Scottsdale's working class for many years. The median resale price is $ 291,500 compared to $ 667,450 in North Scottsdale. Part of McDowell Road in South Scottsdale was formerly known as the Motor Mile and at one point had 31 dealerships along the road. The Strip generated over $ 10 million in sales tax each year and was one of the most profitable auto miles in the United States. Many of these dealers have left the city in recent years, including 6 in 2008. South Scottsdale is home to a new research center for Arizona State University, known as SkySong, a collaboration between the university, local businesses and global corporations. The development has attracted the research and development of a number of international companies.
Old Town Scottsdale is an area with lots of streets, old fashion shops, restaurants, bars, nightclubs and art galleries. It contains the great nightlife for the area and is a major arts hub on Metro Phoenix. The main cultural district of Scottsdale is also in this area, which also includes the high-end boutique Scottsdale Fashion Square Mall, one of the twenty largest shopping centers in the United States. The district is currently experiencing a renaissance, with new condos and hotels under construction.
The Shea Corridor is so named because it is in close proximity to Shea Boulevard. The houses in this region were typically built in the 1970s. Real estate in the Shea Corridor (Central Scottsdale) increased in the 1990s. Overall, the Phoenix Mesa Scottsdale property market saw the largest increase in property prices in the mid-2000s, up 38.4%. There are a number of communities in this central area of ​​Scottsdale that are among the most desirable residential areas in the metropolitan area, including Gainey Ranch and McCormick Ranch. Much of Scottsdale Road in the Shea Corridor has been designated the Resort Corridor for the high number of resorts on the street. The second Ritz Carlton in the Phoenix metropolitan area will be built along this corridor.
North Scottsdale is currently the most actively developed area of ​​Scottsdale as it has historically been the least developed. This part of the city also claims many of the most expensive homes in Arizona, valued at over $ 5 million. The city's boundaries expand rapidly to the east and west in this area with the McDowell Mountains. Much of the North Scottsdale housing boom is being driven by the available building land coupled with the rapid growth of Scottsdale Airpark, the second largest employment hub in the Phoenix metropolitan area, and expected to be the largest by 2010. Scottsdale Airpark, home to over 55,000 employees, 2,600 businesses and 21,000,000 square feet of office space, is expected to grow by more than 3,000 employees annually. Many major companies are headquartered or have regional headquarters in the park, including AXA, GE Capital, DHL, Discount Tire Company, Fidelity Investments, JDA Software, GoDaddy.com, The Vanguard Group, and Quicken Loans.


The oldest section of the city is Gamla Stan (Old Town), on the original islets of the city's earliest settlements and still with the medieval street layout. Some notable buildings of Gamla Stan are the great German church (Tyska kyrkan) and several mansions and palaces: the Riddarhuset (the noble house), the Bonde palace, the Ticino palace and the Oxenstierna palace.
The oldest building in Stockholm is the Riddarholmskyrkan from the late 13th century. After a fire in 1697 when the original medieval castle was destroyed, the Stockholm Palace was built in a baroque style. Storkyrkan Cathedral, the episcopal see of the Bishop of Stockholm, stands next to the castle. It was founded in the 13th century, but is clad with a baroque facade from the 18th century.
As early as the 15th century, the city had expanded beyond its original borders. Some pre-industrial, small buildings from this period can still be found in Dermalm today. During the 19th century


Tamil Nadu is primarily dependent on monsoon rains and is therefore prone to periods of drought when the monsoons fail. The state's climate ranges from arid subhumid to semi-arid. The state has two different rainy periods:
The state's annual rainfall is approximately 945 mm (37.2 in), of which 48 percent is from the northeast monsoons and 32 percent is from the south-west monsoons. Since the state relies entirely on rain to recharge its water resources, monsoon failures lead to acute water scarcity and severe drought. Tamil Nadu is divided into seven agro-climatic zones: northeast, northwest, west, south, high rainfall, high altitude hilly, and Kaveri Delta (the most fertile agricultural zone).


ppen: Dfb). The highest temperature ever recorded at Stratford was 102 ° C.


C) July 1936. The coldest temperature ever recorded was & minus


Tamil Nadu has a long tradition of venerable culture. Tamil Nadu is known for its rich tradition of literature, art, music, and dance that continues to thrive today. Tamil Nadu is a country known for its monumental ancient Hindu temples and the classical dance form Bharata Natyam. Unique cultural features such as Bharatanatyam (dance), Tanjore painting, and Tamil architecture have been developed and continue to be practiced in Tamil Nadu. Literature and Tamil written literature has existed for over 2000 years. The earliest period of Tamil literature, the Sangam literature, dates from around 300 BC. AD 300. It is the oldest Indian literature among all others. The earliest epigraphic records found on rock and hero stones date from the 3rd century BC.
Most of the early Tamil literary works are in verse form, with prose not becoming more common until later periods. The Sangam literature collection contains 2,381 poems written by 473 poets, about 102 of whom remain anonymous. Sangam literature is primarily secular and deals with everyday issues in a Tamilakam context. Sangam literature also deals with human relationships and emotions. The available literature from this period was divided and compiled into two categories in the 10th century based roughly on chronology. The categories are: Pathinenmaelkanakku (The Big Eighteen Anthology Series), consisting of Eṭṭuttokai (The Eight Anthologies) and Pattupattu (Ten Idylls) and Pathinenkilkanakku (The Little Eighteen Anthology Series). Much of the Tamil grammar is described in detail in the oldest known grammar book for Tamil, the Tolkāppiyam. Modern Tamil writing is largely based on the 1000th C. grammar Naṉṉūl, which reformulated and refined the rules of Tolkāppiyam with some modifications. Traditional Tamil grammar consists of five parts, namely eḻuttu, sol, poruḷ, yāppu, aṇi. Of these, the last two are mostly used in poetry. A notable example of Tamil poetry is the Tirukkural, which was written by Tiruvalluvar 2000 years ago.
In 1578 the Portuguese published a Tamil book in ancient Tamil script called "Thambiraan Vanakkam," making Tamil the first Indian language to be printed and published. Tamil Lexicon, published by the University of Madras, is the first among the dictionaries published in every Indian language. During the Indian struggle for freedom, many Tamil poets and writers tried to provoke national spirit, social justice and secular thoughts among ordinary people, especially Subramanya Bharathy and Bharathidasan. Festivals and Traditions in Pongal, also known as Tamizhar Thirunaal (Festival of Tamils) or Makara Sankranti elsewhere in India, is a four-day harvest festival of one of the most celebrated festivals in all of Tamil Nadu. The Tamil language says Thai Pirandhal Vazhi Pirakkum & ndash; literally means the birth of the month of Thai will give way for new opportunities & ndash; is often quoted with reference to this festival. The first day, Bhogi Pongal, is celebrated by throwing away old clothes and materials and destroying them by setting them on fire to mark the end of the old and the emergence of the new. The second day, Surya Pongal, is the main day that falls on the first day of the tenth Tamil month of Thai (January 14th or January 15th in the Western calendar). The third day, Maattu Pongal, is to bring thanks to the cattle, for they provide milk and are used to plow the land. The bullfighting competition "Jallikattu" is the most important event of the day. Alganganallur is famous for its Jallikattu competition, which usually takes place on the 3rd day of Pongal. During that last day, Kaanum Pongal & ndash; The word "Kaanum" means "to see" in Tamil. In 2011, the Madras High Court Bench ordered cockfighting in Santhapadi and Modakoor Melbegam villages, which were allowed during the Pongal Festival, while they abandoned a petition trying to ban cockfighting. The first month in the Tamil calendar is Chittirai and the first day of that month in mid-April is celebrated as Tamil New Year. The Thiruvalluvar calendar is 31 years before the Gregorian calendar, i.e. H. Gregorian 2000 is Thiruvalluvar 2031. Aadi Perukku is celebrated on the 18th day of the Tamil month of Aadi, which celebrates the rise of the water level in the Kaveri River. Apart from the big festivals, in every village and town of Tamil Nadu, the residents celebrate festivals for the local gods once a year and the time varies from place to place. Most of these festivals are associated with the goddess Maariyamman, the mother goddess of rain. Other major Hindu festivals including Deepavali (death of Narakasura), Ayudha Poojai, Saraswathi Poojai (Dasara), Krishna Jayanthi and Vinayaka Chathurthi are also celebrated. Eid ul-Fitr, Bakrid, Milad un Nabi, Muharram are celebrated by Muslims, while Christmas, Good Friday, Easter are celebrated by Christians in the state. Mahamagam A bathing festival in Kumbakonam in Tamil Nadu is celebrated once every 12 years. People from all over the country come to Kumbakonam for the festival. This festival is also known as the Kumbamela of the South. music
The kings of ancient Thamizhagam created sangams for Iyal Isai Nadagam (literature, music and drama). Music played an important role in sangams. Music in Tamil Nadu took several forms. In villages where agriculture was the main occupation, women who worked in the fields sang Kulavai songs. Odhuvars, Sthanikars or Kattalayiars offer short musical programs in the temples by singing the devotional songs of Thevaram. In sharp contrast to the reserved and intellectual nature of Carnatic music, Tamil folk music tends to be much more boisterous. Popular forms of Tamil folk music are the Villuppāṭṭu, a form of music with a bow, the Urumee Mellam or Naiyandi Mellam, which uses the Urumee and the Nāṭṭuppurappāṭṭu to convey ballads that convey folklore and folk history.
Carnatic music is the classical music form of South India. This is one of the oldest & amp; richest musical traditions. The Trinity of Carnatic Music Tyagi, Muthuswami Dikshitar and Syama Sastri came from Tamil Nadu. TyagiAaradhanai (worship) is held every year in the month of Marghazhi in Thiruvaiyaru, where all the Carnatic musicians express their homage to Saint Thyagarajar by singing his compositions. The composers of the Tamil Trinity, namely Muthu Thandavar (1560-1640), Arunachala Kavi (1712-1779) and Marimutthu Pillai (1717-1787) composed hundreds of devotional songs in Tamil and helped develop Carnatic music. Chennai hosts a major cultural event, the annual Madras Music Season in December (January), with performances by hundreds of artists from across the city.
In terms of modern cine music, Ilaiyaraaja was a prominent composer of film music in Tamil cinema in the late 1970s and 1980s. His work highlighted Tamil lyric poetry and brought broader Western musical sensitivity to the South Indian musical mainstream.Tamil Nadu is also home to double-Oscar winner A.R. Rahman who has composed film music in Tamil, Telugu, Hindi films, English and Chinese films. He was once referred to as "Mozart of Madras" by Time Magazine. Art and dance
Tamils ​​have a large number of folk dances. These are listed for every possible occasion to celebrate the arrival of the seasons, the birth of a child, weddings and parties. Tamil dance is closely related to the Tamil theater tradition.
The most famous of these dances is the Karakattam. In its religious form, the dance is performed in front of an image of the goddess Mariamman. The dancer carries a brass pot filled with uncooked rice, adorned with flowers and surrounded by a bamboo frame, and falls and jumps to the rhythm of a song without spilling a grain. Karakattam is usually performed to a special type of song known as tommanguppāṭṭu, a folk song in the style of a lover talking to his beloved, accompanied by a nadaswaram and melam. Other Tamil folk dances include mayilāṭṭam, where the dancers tie a string of peacock feathers around their waist; ōyilāttam, danced in a circle while small pieces of cloth of different designs waving colors; poikkal kuthiraiyaaṭṭam, where the dancers use dummy horses; Manattam, where the dancers imitate the graceful leap of deer; Paraiyāṭṭam, a dance to the sound of rhythmic drum beats, and thīppandāṭṭam, a dance with burning wooden torches.
Bharatanatyam is a classical dance form from Tamil Nadu. Before the colonial era, it was performed in Hindu temples by Devadasis. In this form it is also called Sadir or Chinna Melam. Many of the ancient sculptures in Hindu temples are based on Bharata Natyam dance positions. Bharatanatyam is a traditional dance form known for its grace, purity, tenderness and sculptural poses. It is still a popular dance style and is practiced by dancers all over India. Terukkuttu or Kattaikkuttu is a traditional form of Tamil street theater folk dance / drama. Film industry
Tamil Nadu is also the home of the Tamil film industry known as "Kollywood", the term released most of the films in India in 2013 Kollywood is a portmanteau of Kodambakkam and Hollywood. Tamil cinema is one of the largest film production industries in India. In Tamil Nadu, movie tickets are regulated by the government. Cinemas with one screen can cost a maximum of € 50, while theaters with more than three screens can charge a maximum of € 120 per ticket. The first silent film in Tamil Keechaka Vadham was shot in 1916. The first film was a multilingual film, Kalidas, which was released on October 31, 1931, just under 7 months after India's first talking picture, featured Alam Ara. Swamikannu Vincent, who had built the first cinema in South India in Coimbatore, proposed the concept of "tented cinema" in which a tent was erected in an outdoor area near a town or village to watch the films. The first of its kind was founded in Madras, called "Edison's Grand Cinemamegaphone". This was due to the fact that electric carbons were used in movie projectors, television

There are more than 30 television channels of various genres in Tamil. DD Podhigai, Doordarshan's Tamil regional broadcaster, was launched on April 14, 1993. Sun TV was founded in 1993 by Kalanidhi Maran. In Tamil Nadu, the television industry is influenced by politics and the majority of channels are owned by politicians or people with political affiliations. The Tamil Nadu government distributed free televisions to families in 2006, the estimated cost of which of $ 3.6 billion ($ 56 million) has resulted in the proliferation of television services. Cable used to be the preferred way to reach homes controlled by the state operator Arasu Cable. By the early 2010s, Direct to Home has become increasingly popular to replace cable television services. Tamil television series form an important prime-time source of entertainment and are typically directed by one director as opposed to American television series which often have multiple directors and authors work together.Cuisine headed
Tamil cuisine is typical of South Indian cuisine as rice and rice dishes make up the main part of a diet (see rice and curry).
Sweet items that are native to Tamil Nadu are Athirasam, Chakkarai Pongal, and Kuli Paniyaram. Salem is known for its unique mangoes, Madurai is the origin of the milk dessert Jigarthanda, while Palani is known for its Panchamirtham.


South African art includes the world's oldest artifacts discovered 75,000 years ago in a South African cave. The scattered tribes of Khoisan peoples, who lived from around 10,000 BC. Moved to South Africa, had their own flowing art styles that can be seen in a variety of cave paintings today. They were replaced by the Bantu / Nguni peoples with their own forms of art forms. New forms of art developed in the mines and townships: a dynamic art that used everything from plastic strips to bicycle spokes. The Dutch-influenced folk art of the Afrikaaner Trekboers and the urban white artists who seriously followed European traditions from the 1850s onwards also contributed to this eclectic mix that continues to evolve to this day.
South African literature grew out of a unique social and political history. One of the first known novels by a black author in an African language was Solomon Thekiso Plaatjes Mhudi, written in 1930. During the 1950s, drum magazine became a hotbed of political satire, fiction, and essays that gave voice to urban black culture .
Notable white South African authors include Alan Paton, who published the acclaimed novel Cry, the Land Beloved in 1948. Nadine Gordimer became the first South African to receive the 1991 Nobel Prize in Literature. Her most famous novel, People of July, was published in 1981. JM Coetzee won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2003. At the award ceremony, the Swedish Academy stated that Coetzee "portrayed in innumerable guises the surprising involvement of the outsider".
Athol Fugard's plays have regularly premiered in French theaters in South Africa, London (The Royal Court Theater) and New York. Olive Schreiner's The Story of an African Farm (1883) was a revelation in Victorian literature: it is heralded by many as the introduction of feminism into the novel form.
Breyten Breytenbach was imprisoned for his involvement in the guerrilla movement against apartheid. Andre Brink was the first African writer to be banned by the government after publishing the novel A Dry White Season.


The National Theater and Concert Hall are located in Freedom Square in Taipei and host events by foreign and local artists. Other leading concert halls include Zhongshan Hall in Ximending and Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall near Taipei 101.
A new venue, the Taipei Performing Arts Center, is under construction and slated to open in 2015, Shilin Night Market, and home to three theaters for events that run for several weeks. The architectural design by Rem Koolhaas and OMA was determined in an international competition in 2009. The same design process is planned for a new Taipei Popular Music Center and Taipei City Museum.


Tallinn is home to more than 60 museums and galleries.
Most of them are located in Kesklinn, the city's central district and cover Tallin's rich history. One of the most visited historical museums in Tallinn is the Estonian History Museum in the Great Guild Hall in Vanalinn, the old part of the city.
Museum covers Estonia's history from prehistory to the end of the 20th century. It shows films and hands-on displays that show how Estonian residents lived and survived. The Estonian Maritime Museum offers an in-depth look at the nation's seafaring past. This museum is also located in the Old Town, where it is located in one of Tallinn's former defensive structures - Fat Margaret's Tower. Another historical museum that can be found in the old town of the city, just behind the town hall, is the Tallinn City Museum. It covers Tallinn's history from prehistory to 1991 when Estonia regained its independence. The Tallinn City Museum has 9 other departments and museums in the city. The Tallinn Photo Museum, located just behind the town hall, is also one of its branches. It has a permanent exhibition covering 100 years of photography in Estonia. Estonia's Museum of Occupation is another historical museum in the central part of Tallinn. It spans 52 years when Estonia was occupied by the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany. Not far from the Occupation Museum is another museum related to the Soviet occupation of Estonia. The KGB Museum, located on the 23rd floor of the Sokos Hotel Viru, has equipment, uniforms and documents from Russian intelligence agents.
Tallinn is also home to two major science museums - Estonian Natural History Museum and Estonian Health Care Museum; Both are in the old town. The Estonian Museum of Natural History has several themed seasonal and temporary exhibitions that provide an overview of wildlife in Estonia and around the world. Estonian Health Care Museum has permanent exhibits on anatomy and health care. It collects and displays the legacy of the history of medicine in Estonia. There are also many art and design museums in the Estonian capital. The Estonian Art Museum, the largest art museum in the country, originally housed in the Kadriorg Palace, now consists of 4 branches - Kumu Art Museum, Kadriorg Art Museum, Mikkel Museum and Niguliste Museum. The Kumu Art Museum houses the largest collection of contemporary and modern art in the country. It also shows Estonian art from the early 18th century. Those interested in Western European and Russian art can enjoy the collections of the Kadriorg Art Museum. The museum is located in the Kadriorg Palace, a beautiful baroque building erected by Peter the Great. It houses and displays about 9,000 works of art from the 16th to 20th centuries. The Mikkel Museum, which is also located in Kadriorg Park, displays a collection of mainly Western art - ceramics and Chinese porcelain donated by Johannes Mikkel in 1994. Niguliste Museum is currently located in former St Nicolas' Church, Tallinn and displays collections of historical church art spanning nearly seven centuries from the Middle Ages to post-Reformation art. Those interested in design and applied arts can enjoy the Estonian Museum of Applied Arts and Design of Estonian Contemporary Designs. It shows up to 15,000 works from textile art, ceramics, porcelain, leather, glass, jewelry, metalwork, furniture and product design. For more relaxed, culture-oriented exhibits, turn to the Museum of Estonian Drinking Culture. This museum shows the historic Lüscher & amp; Matiesen distillery as well as the history of Estonian alcohol production.


Stockholm has a vibrant arts scene with a number of internationally recognized art centers and commercial galleries. Among other things, privately funded initiatives such as Bonniers Konsthall, Magasin 3 and state-funded institutions such as Tensta Konsthall and Index show leading international and national artists. In recent years a gallery district has developed around Hudiksvallsgatan, where leading galleries such as Andráček, Hn-Schiptjenko, Brøndstrøm & amp; Stene has found. Other important commercial galleries are Nordenhake, Milliken Gallery and Galleri Magnus Karlsson.


In addition to the main theaters, which include the Slovenian National Theater, Ljubljana and the Maribor National Drama Theater, a number of small-scale producers are active in Slovenia, including theaters (e.g. Betontanc), street theater (e.g. Ana Monr & oacute; Theater), Theater Championship Impro League and Improvisational theater (e.g. IGLU theater). A popular form is the puppet show, which is mainly performed in the Ljubljana Puppet Theater. The theater has a rich tradition in Slovenia, starting with the first Slovene dramatic performance in 1867.


In addition to domestic consumption, South Korea has a thriving entertainment industry in which entertainment including televised dramas, films, and popular music has generated significant financial revenues for the national economy. The cultural phenomenon known as Hallyu or the "Korean Wave" has invaded many countries across Asia and made South Korea a major soft power as an exporter of popular culture and entertainment that shared with Western nations such as the United States and the United Kingdom competes.
Until the 1990s, trot and traditional Korean ballads dominated South Korean pop music. The emergence of the rap group Seo Taiji and Boys in 1992 marked a turning point for South Korean pop music, also known as K-pop, as the genre modernized from incorporating popular styles of music from the West as well as Western pop music. Classical, hip hop, rhythm and blues, electronic dance, jazz, reggae, country, folk and rock in its traditional roots of Korean music. Western-style pop, hip hop, rhythm and blues, rock, electronic dance-oriented acts are dominant in the South Korean popular music scene, although trot is still enjoyed among older South Koreans. K-pop stars and groups are known across Asia and have achieved international fame by making millions of dollars in export revenue. Many K-Pop acts have secured a strong presence abroad through the use of online social media platforms such as the video sharing website YouTube. South Korean singer PSY became an international sensation when his song 'Gangnam Style' topped the global charts in 2012.
Since the success of the film Shiri in 1999, the Korean film industry has gained international recognition. Domestic film has a dominant share of the market, in part due to screen quotas that require cinemas to show Korean films at least 73 days a year.
South Korean television shows have become popular outside of Korea. A lot of dramas tend to have a romantic focus, like princess hours, you are beautiful, playful kiss, my name is Kim Sam soon, boys about flowers, winter sonata, autumn in my heart, full house, city hunters, all about Eve, secret Garden, I can hear your voice, the master's sun, my love from the star, healer, descendants of the sun and guardians: the lonely and great God. Historical dramas included Faith, Dae Jang Geum, The Legend, Dong Yi, Moon Around the Sun, and Sungkyunkwan Scandal.


Tamil cuisine is typical of South Indian cuisine as rice and rice dishes make up the main part of a diet (see rice and curry).
Sweet items that are native to Tamil Nadu are Athirasam, Chakkarai Pongal, and Kuli Paniyaram. Salem is known for its unique mangoes, Madurai is the origin of the milk dessert Jigarthanda, while Palani is known for its Panchamirtham.


In October 2012, an international music festival was held at KBS Hall in Seoul. First ABU TV and Radio Song Festival as part of the 49th General Assembly of the Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union.
Hello! The Seoul Festival is a seasonal cultural festival held every spring, summer, autumn and winter in Seoul, South Korea. It is based on the 'Seoul Citizens' Day' which has been held since October 1, 1994 years of history of Seoul as the country's capital. The festival is organized under the Seoul Metropolitan Government. The Ultra Music Festival Korea has been taking place in Seoul since 2012, an annual dance music festival that takes place on the 2nd weekend in June.


There are many official holidays in South Korea. Korean New Years Day or "Seollal" is celebrated on the first day of the Korean lunar calendar. Korean Independence Day falls on March 1, commemorating the March 1, 1919 movement.It is celebrated on June 6th and is intended to honor the men and women who perished in the independence movement of South Korea. Constitution Day is July 17th and celebrates the promulgation of the Republic of Korea's Constitution. Liberation Day on August 15 celebrates the liberation of Korea from the Japanese Empire in 1945. On every 15th day of the 8th lunar month, Koreans celebrate the Mid-Autumn Festival, during which Koreans visit their hometowns and eat traditional Korean dishes. October 1st marks the Armed Forces Day, which celebrates the armed forces of South Korea. October 3rd is a national holiday. Hangul Day on October 9th commemorates the invention of Hangul, the native alphabet of the Korean language. There are also unofficial holidays celebrated in Korea such as Pepero Day, which has been criticized by many as a marketing scam.


Other Shanghai cultural artifacts are the Cheongsam (Shanghainese: Zansae), a modernization of the traditional Manchurian Qipao. This is in stark contrast to the traditional qipao, which was designed to hide the figure and be worn regardless of age. The cheongsam went well with the western coat and scarf and portrayed a unique East Asian modernity that the people of Shanghai in general embodied. As western fashion changed, the basic cheongsam design also changed, introducing high-necked sleeveless dresses, bell-like sleeves, and the black lace that foamed at the hem of a ball gown. In the 1940s, sheongsams came in sheer black, beaded bodices, matching capes, and even velvet. Checkered fabrics also became quite common later on. The Communist Revolution of 1949 put an end to the cheongsam and other fashions in Shanghai. However, the Shanghai styles have seen a new revival as stylish party dresses. The fashion industry has revived rapidly over the past ten years. Like Shanghai's architecture, local fashion designers strive for an amalgamation of Western and traditional designs, often with innovative, if controversial, results.
Recently, Shanghai has set up its own fashion week, Shanghai Fashion Week. It takes place twice a year in October and April. The April session is part of the Shanghai International Fashion Culture Festival, which usually lasts for a month, while Shanghai Fashion Week is seven days and the main venue is at Fuxing Park in Shanghai, while the opening and closing ceremonies are held at the Shanghai Fashion Center. Shanghai Fashion Week is sponsored by the Ministry of Commerce of the People's Republic of China and is a major event of national importance hosted by the Shanghai City Government. Shanghai Fashion Week aims to build an international and professional platform that brings together all of Asia's top design talents.
The event features international designers, but the main purpose is to showcase Chinese designers. The international presence includes many of Britain's most promising young fashion designers.


Kabbadi, a team-contact sport, has its origins in Tamil Nadu and is considered a state game. The traditional sport of Tamil Nadu includes Silambam, a Tamil martial art played with a long bamboo stick, Cockfight, Jallikattu, a bullfighting sport famous in festive days, ox-cart racing known as Rekkala, hang gliding also known as Pattam viduthal, Goli the game with marbles, aadu puli, the game "goat and tiger" and kabaddi, also called sadugudu. Most of these traditional sports are associated with rural festivals such as Thai Pongal and are mainly played in rural areas. Modern sports such as racket and ball games are played in the urban areas of Tamil Nadu. Mrs. Ilavazhaki World Carrom Champion from 2002-2016
, also Mrs. Ilavazhaki World Carrom Champion from 2002-2016
The most popular game in Tamil Nadu like rest of India is cricket. The MA Chidambaram Stadium in Chennai is an international cricket pitch with a capacity of 50,000 and is home to the Tamil Nadu Cricket Association. Srinivasaraghavan Venkataraghavan, Krishnamachari Srikkanth, Laxman Sivaramakrishnan, Sadagoppan Ramesh, Laxmipathy Balaji, Murali Vijay, Ravichandran Ashwin and Dinesh Karthik are some prominent cricketers from Tamil Nadu. The MRF Pace Foundation in Chennai is a popular fast-paced bowling academy for pace bowlers around the world. Cricket competitions between local clubs, franchises, and teams are popular in the state. Chennai Super Kings represent the city of Chennai in the Indian Premier League, a popular Twenty20 league. The Super Kings are the most successful team in the league with two IPL titles and two CLT20 titles.
Tamil Nadu has a long history of motorsport culture. The sport was pioneered by Sundaram Karivardhan (1954-95) in its early days. Motor racing between the 1960s and 1980s was held at Sholavaram, a track that was used as the World War II airlift. The Irungattukottai Racetrack, owned and operated by the Madras Motor Sports Club near Sriperumbudur and the Kari Motor Speedway in Coimbatore, hosts modern motorsport events. The only two to represent India in Formula 1 are both from Tamil Nadu, namely Narain Karthikeyan, the first Indian to compete in the F1 race, and Karun Chandhok. Tennis is also a popular sport in Tamil Nadu with notable international players such as Ramesh Krishnan, Ramanathan Krishnan, Vijay Amritraj and Mahesh Bhupathi. Nirupama Vaidyanathan, the first Indian women to play in a grandslam tournament, is also from the state. The ATP Chennai Open tournament takes place every January in Chennai. The Tamil Nadu Sports Development Agency (SDAT) owns the Nungambakkam tennis stadium, which hosts the Chennai Open and Davis Cup playoff tournaments.
The Tamil Nadu Hockey Association is the governing body of hockey in the state. Vasudevan Baskaran was the captain of the Indian team that won the gold medal in Moscow in 1980. The Mayor Radhakrishnan Stadium in Chennai hosts international hockey events and is recognized by the International Hockey Federation as one of the best in the world for its infrastructure.
The Tamil Nadu Sports Development Agency (SDAT), a government agency, has responsibility for the development of sports and related infrastructure in the state. The SDAT owns and operates world-class stadiums and organizes sporting events. It also hosts sporting events, both national and international, organized by other sports federations in its facilities. The YMCA College for Physical Education in Nandanam, Chennai, was founded in 1920 and was the first college for physical education in Asia. The Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium in Chennai is a multi-purpose stadium that features soccer and track & amp; Events field. The Indian Triathlon Federation and the Volleyball Federation of India are based in Chennai. Chennai hosted India's first ever Indian Beach Volleyball Championship in 2008. The SDAT & ndash; The TNSRA Squash Academy in Chennai is one of the few academies in South Asia that host international squash events.


The kings of ancient Thamizhagam created sangams for Iyal Isai Nadagam (literature, music and drama). Music played an important role in sangams. Music in Tamil Nadu took several forms. In villages where agriculture was the main occupation, women who worked in the fields sang Kulavai songs. Odhuvars, Sthanikars or Kattalayiars offer short musical programs in the temples by singing the devotional songs of Thevaram. In sharp contrast to the reserved and intellectual nature of Carnatic music, Tamil folk music tends to be much more boisterous. Popular forms of Tamil folk music are the Villuppāṭṭu, a form of music with a bow, the Urumee Mellam or Naiyandi Mellam, which uses the Urumee and the Nāṭṭuppurappāṭṭu to convey ballads that convey folklore and folk history.
Carnatic music is the classical music form of South India. This is one of the oldest & amp; richest musical traditions. The Trinity of Carnatic Music Tyagi, Muthuswami Dikshitar and Syama Sastri came from Tamil Nadu. TyagiAaradhanai (worship) is held every year in the month of Marghazhi in Thiruvaiyaru, where all the Carnatic musicians express their homage to Saint Thyagarajar by singing his compositions. The composers of the Tamil Trinity, namely Muthu Thandavar (1560-1640), Arunachala Kavi (1712-1779) and Marimutthu Pillai (1717-1787) composed hundreds of devotional songs in Tamil and helped develop Carnatic music. Chennai hosts a major cultural event, the annual Madras Music Season in December (January), with performances by hundreds of artists from across the city.
In terms of modern cine music, Ilaiyaraaja was a prominent composer of film music in Tamil cinema in the late 1970s and 1980s. His work highlighted Tamil lyric poetry and brought broader Western musical sensitivity to the South Indian musical mainstream. Tamil Nadu is also home to double-Oscar winner A.R. Rahman who has composed film music in Tamil, Telugu, Hindi films, English and Chinese films. He was once referred to as "Mozart of Madras" by Time Magazine.


Tamil Nadu's tourism industry is the largest in India with an annual growth rate of 16 percent. Tourism in Tamil Nadu is promoted by the Tamil Nadu Tourism Development Corporation (TTDC), a government of Tamil Nadu. According to the Ministry of Tourism Statistics, 4.68 million foreigners (20.1% of the country share) and 333.5 million domestic travelers (23.3% of the country share) visited the state in 2015, making it the most visited state in India, both domestic as well as foreign tourists. The state has some of the great Hindu temples in Dravidian architecture. Built by the Cholas, the Brihadishwara Temple in Thanjavur and Gangaikonda Cholapuram, the Airavateswara Temple in Darasuram and the Shore Temple, along with the collection of other monuments in Mahabalipuram (also called Mamallapuram), have been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.


Habitat and wildlife
Earlier written documents document the local presence of migratory salmon in the Rio Guadalupe, dating back to the 18th century. Both steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and king salmon are still present in the Guadalupe River, making San Jose the southernmost major US city with known salmon spawning runs, the other cities are Anchorage, Alaska; Seattle, Washington; Portland, Oregon and Sacramento, California. Runs of up to 1,000 chinooks or king salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) swam up the Guadalupe River every fall in the 1990s, but in the current decade they are apparently flat concrete cut off from access to hatcheries by impassable culverts, weirs and wide, exposed and inaccessible places paved canals installed by the Santa Clara Valley Water District. In 2011, a small number of Chinook salmon were filmed spawning under the Julian Street Bridge. Trails and San Jose's network of 100km (100km) of recreational and active transport routes across the city. The most important paths in the network include:
This large network of urban trails, recognized by Prevention Magazine as the largest in the United States, is linked to trails in the surrounding jurisdictions and many rural trails in the surrounding open spaces and foothills. Several trail systems within the network are part of the National Recreation Trail, as well as regional hiking trails such as the San Francisco Bay Trail and Bay Area Ridge Trail. Museums, libraries and other cultural collections. Venues Other structures


Gateway Arch, at 630 feet (192 m), it's the tallest arch in the world and tallest man-made monument in the Western Hemisphere. Built as a memorial to the West Expansion of the United States, it is the centerpiece of the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial. St. Louis Art Museum - Built for the 1904 World's Fair with a building designed by Cass Gilbert, the museum houses paintings, sculptures, and cultural objects. The museum is located in Forest Park and entry is free. The Missouri Botanical Garden Established in 1859, the Missouri Botanical Garden is one of the oldest botanical establishments in the United States and a national historic landmark. It covers 79 acres in the Shaw neighborhood, including 14 acres (5.7 hectares) of Japanese gardens and the Climatron geodesic dome conservatory. Cathedral Basilica of St. LouisCompleted 1914, it is the mother church of the Archdiocese of St. Louis and the seat of its Archbishop. The church is known for its large mosaic installation (which is one of the largest in the Western Hemisphere), funerary crypts and its outdoor sculpture.City HallThe City Hall was designed in Downtown West by Harvey Ellis in the Renaissance style in 1892. It is reminiscent of the Hôpôtel de Ville, Paris.Central LibraryThe central library building, completed in 1912, was designed by Cass Gilbert. It serves as the primary location for the St. Louis Public Library.City MuseumCity Museum is a playhouse museum composed largely of reused architectural and industrial objects housed in the former International Shoe Building in the Washington Avenue Loft District. Old CourthouseBuilt in the century it served as the Federal and regional court. The Dred Scott case was heard in court in 1846. Louis Science Center Built in 1963, the Louis Science Center includes a science museum and planetarium and is located in Forest Park. Free entry. It is one of only two science centers in the United States that offer free public admission. St. Louis Symphony Founded in 1880, the St. Louis Symphony Orchestra is the second oldest symphony orchestra in the United States, preceded only by the New York Philharmonic. Its main venue is the Powell Symphony Hall. Union StationBuilt in 1894, it was the main ICE passenger train. Once the world's largest and busiest train station, it was converted into a hotel, mall, and entertainment complex in the early 1980s. Today it continues to serve local transit passengers (MetroLink) and the Amtrak service is nearby. St. Louis ZooBuilt for the 1904 World's Fair, it is recognized as a premier zoo in animal management, research, conservation, and education. It is located in Forest Park and entry is free.


The Ministry of Transportation and Communications of the Republic of China is the cabinet of the transportation network in Taiwan. Taiwan has an extensive highway network divided into five levels: National Highways, Provincial Highways, County Routes, Township Routes, and Special Routes, with the first four being common. Taiwan also has an extensive bus network, mostly operated by private bus companies. Intercity trains are offered by the Taiwan Railway Administration (TRA) and Taiwan High Speed ​​Rail (THSR). Rapid transit systems include the Taipei Metro, Taoyuan Metro (including the airport MRT) and Kaohsiung MRT, while Taichung Metro is under construction. Major airports include Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport, Kaohsiung International Airport, Taipei Songshan Airport, and Taichung Airport. The four international sea ports are Keelung Port, Kaohsiung Port, Taichung Port and Hualien Port.


Tamil Nadu has a well-developed rail network as part of the Southern Railway. The Southern Railway Network is based in Chennai and covers a large area of ​​the southern peninsula of India. It covers the states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Puducherry, a small part of Karnataka and a small part of Andhra Pradesh. Express trains connect the state capital Chennai with Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkata. Chennai Central is the gateway for the train going north, while Chennai Egmore is the gateway for the south. Tamil Nadu has a total rail line length of 5,952 km and there are 532 train stations in the state. The network connects the state with most of the major cities in India. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway is one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites connecting Ooty on the hills and Mettupalayam in the foot hills, which in turn is connected to Coimbatore city. The hundred year old Pamban Bridge over the sea, which connects Rameswaram in Pamban to the mainland, is a technical marvel.It is one of the oldest cantilever bridges still in operation, the two-wing bascule bridge can be raised so that boats and small ships can pass the Palk Strait in the Indian Ocean. Chennai has a well-developed S-Bahn network and has been building a Chennai Metro with phase1 since July 2015. Major rail links (4 & amp; via lines) in the state are Chennai, Coimbatore, Katpadi, Madurai, Salem, Erode, Dindigul, Karur, Nagercoil, Tiruchirapalli and Tirunelveli. Chennai Central, Madurai Junction, Katpadi Junction, Chennai Egmore, Salem Junction, Tiruchirappalli Junction, Coimbatore Junction have been upgraded to A1 class level. Loco sheds are in Erode, Arakkonam, Royapuram in Chennai and Tondaiyarpet in Chennai, Ponmalai (GOC) in Tiruchirappalli as Diesel Loco Shed. The locomotive shed in Erode is a huge composite electric and diesel locomotive shed. MRTS that extends from Chennai Beach to Velachery and subway rail also between Alandur and Koyambedu stations.


An extensive city bus system serves metropolitan areas not covered by the subway with exclusive bus lanes to facilitate transportation. Drivers of the city subway can use the EasyCard for reduced tariffs on buses and vice versa. Several large intercity bus terminals are located throughout the city, including the Taipei Bus Terminal and Taipei City Hall Bus Terminal.


Lennart Meri Tallinn Airport is about 4 kilometers from Raekoja plats. There is a local bus service between the airport and the edge of the city center (bus number 2). The nearest train and underground station is just 1.5 km from the airport.
Construction of the new section of the airport began in 2007 and was completed in summer 2008.
There was a helicopter service to and from Helsinki operated by Copterline that took 18 minutes to cross the Gulf of Finland. The Copterline Tallinn Terminal is located next to Linnahall, five minutes from the city center. Service ceased after an accident near Tallinn in August 2005, but resumed in 2008 with a new fleet. The operator canceled it again in December 2008 because it was unprofitable. On February 15, 2010, Copterline filed for bankruptcy, citing its inability to keep the company profitable. In 2011, Copterline started flying from Tallinn to Helsinki again. In 2016, Copterline O & Uuml; Filed for bankruptcy and there are currently no scheduled helicopter flights from Tallinn.


Numerous visitors arrive in Stratford each week during the festival season from May to October, often by bus. Some stay here and many spend hours shopping, walking around the Avon River and the historic downtown, stopping for lunch or dinner. National Geographic Traveler views theaters as nirvana and praises other aspects of the city as well. "During the festival, which plays everything from Shakespeare to Sondheim to new Canadian plays, you can stay in theater-themed B & B's, hang out with actors after the show in local bars like Down the Street, go backstage tours, and join dozens of others Events with other theater freaks. Stratford itself is the kind of walk-in healthy town Rodgers and Hammerstein might be writing a musical in. "
In addition to the festival, several annual events attract visitors. Stratford Summer Music, in its 17th year, has been running for about a month. In 2016, the city-run event had 85 concerts, a third of which were free or paid for what you can. The 2016 budget was $ 800,000 and was provided by agencies such as the Ontario Cultural Attractions Fund. Smaller events are held in other months, including Winter and Swan Weekend in April, to attract off-season visitors.


South Africa signed the Convention on Biological Diversity in Rio on June 4, 1994 and became a party to the Convention on November 2, 1995. It then presented a national strategy and action plan for biodiversity, which was received by the Convention on June 7, 2006. The country ranks sixth of the seventeen megadiverse countries in the world. Animals
Numerous mammals are found in the bushveld, including Transvaal lions, African leopards, South African cheetahs, southern white rhinos, blue wildebeest, kudu, impalas, hyenas, hippos and South African giraffes. A significant part of the bushveld exists in the northeast, including the Kruger National Park and the Sabi Sand Game Reserve, as well as in the far north in the Waterberg Biosphere. South Africa is home to many endemic species, including the critically endangered riverbank rabbit (Bunolagus monticullaris) in the Karoo.Fungi