Why is Windows damaged?

Windows Repair Windows 10 - here's how


When Windows 10 causes problems, that's simply a big nerve factor. Fortunately, Microsoft has equipped Windows 10 with a number of on-board tools that allow system repairs to work on the fly. We'll show you a number of approaches you can use to repair a broken installation of Windows 10.

Perform Windows updates

Windows repairs are often comparatively easy to carry out: Simply search for Windows updates and install them. If the problems are triggered, for example, by outdated or faulty drivers, there is a chance that these will be updated via Windows update. Security and function updates for Windows can also ensure that previously faulty files are “renewed”. So switch to the Settings from Windows 10 and look under "Update and Security - Windows Update”For available updates. Install this and restart the PC. With a little luck everything will work again afterwards. How to install Windows updates manually is explained in detail in this guide.

Use the Windows wizard for troubleshooting

For many years, Windows has had built-in wizards that can help repair certain errors. In newer versions of Windows 10, Microsoft collects these in the system settings. Especially if you have problems with certain system functions (something with the network connections), the wizards can help repair Windows.

Open the Settings from Windows 10 via the start menu and navigate to the point "Troubleshooting". Windows 10 lists a number of wizards for solving various system problems here. The wizards are sorted by categories so that you can easily search for a possible solution. Click on an item that applies to your Windows installation and select "Run troubleshooter". Windows now opens the associated wizard. Here you can - depending on the problem - select further options. If you click through the individual steps, Windows 10 carries out a series of checks. If the system finds problems, you can carry out the corresponding repairs immediately carry out.

Repair corrupt Windows system files

Windows has always used many thousands of system files that are necessary for its proper operation. If these files are deleted or tampered with, it can cause Windows to become unstable. Practically, however, Windows has built in the appropriate antidote: the “System File Check” or for short SFC can check the system files and restore them if necessary. How to do it:

  1. Open through the Start menu the command prompt with admin rights. To do this, enter "cmd”, Click the result with the right mouse button on and choose "Execute as administrator".
  2. Enter the command.
  3. Windows will now check the file system structure. If errors are found, Windows tries to fix them automatically. Then you need to use the PC newstart.

In addition to the System File Checker, there is a DISM (Deployment Image Servicing and Management) a second command line tool that can help repair Windows. If SFC does not lead to the desired success, proceed as follows:

  1. Open the Command line with administrator rights.
  2. Enter the command. Windows 10 will now check the status of the installation, which will take a few minutes.
  3. Then check the image to see if any corruption has been detected by entering Dism / Online / Cleanup-Image / CheckHealth a.
  4. If the verification fails, DISM reports this after the scan is complete. In this case, enter the following command:.
  5. Windows 10 now repairs the errors found and replaces defective files with the originals. It is best to leave Windows alone during the repair process to avoid errors.
  6. Once the process is complete, restart your PC and check that the repairs were successful.

Repair Windows 10 via upgrade installation


Another option for repairing a defective Windows 10 environment is the upgrade installation. Simply start the installation of Windows 10 from a corresponding data carrier or via the ISO image directly from the desktop. The highlight: run the Windows 10 installation on a Windows 10 PC, the system recognizes this and leaves the installed programs as well as your personal documents and files alone. Instead, the Windows setup installs the latest version of Windows 10. A pleasant side effect: In this way, the system repairs all faulty system files and ensures that Windows can start again.

All you need is a current Windows 10 installation medium, which you can download directly from Microsoft. The necessary information can be found here on the official Microsoft website. As soon as you have the ISO file on the hard drive, integrate it with a double click and start the program via Explorer setup.exe. Click through the setup wizard and make sure that the option “Keep personal files and apps”Is activated. Then run the Repair installation of Windows 10 by. Once this is done, the system should work again.

Refresh or reset Windows 10 installation

If all else fails, you can Reset Windows 10. The system also offers two practical functions that make a new installation much easier than with its predecessors. You can even choose to keep your personal files and applications downloaded from the Windows Store, or start from scratch. The corresponding options can be found in the Windows settings under "Update and security"in the sub-item"Restoration". Click here at"Reset this PC" on "Here we go"and follow the instructions. As soon as the process is complete, you can fall back on a working installation of Windows 10. You can find out more about how to reset your PC to factory settings here.