How do I measure with a syringe

Everyday life between measuring and spraying

The everyday life of a diabetic is different from that of a healthy person. Diabetes is a metabolic disease in which the hormone insulin is no longer or only partially produced by the body. Among other things, insulin is responsible for reducing the blood sugar level in the body. It is the only hormone in the human body that has this function. So without insulin, the blood sugar level rises. Symptoms of illness that can occur in diabetes are, for example, a constant feeling of thirst, frequent urination, difficulty concentrating, tiredness or general exhaustion.

I have had diabetes since I was five. Since then I have had to measure my blood sugar level and inject insulin regularly. Regularly doesn't sound like that much, but I actually have to check my blood sugar level with a measuring device before every meal. To do this, I prick a finger with a lancing device and put the drop of blood that is created on a test strip. I insert the test strip into the measuring device and the device then shows me the value. If it is good, I just have to "squirt away" the food. If the value is too high, I also have to inject a correction. I do this with a so-called "pen". This is a syringe that looks like a pen and contains an insulin cartridge and a needle.

Measure first, then inject

The spraying usually hardly hurts. I inject in the stomach or in the thigh. The fingertips on which I use the lancing device to check my blood sugar level and the splash areas are of course quite stressed. Because of this, I always try to prick in different places.

In order to deliver the correct dose of insulin, I have to calculate beforehand how many carbohydrate units (CU) each dish has. That is not always possible exactly because you actually have to weigh the food for what is not possible on the way. Then it can also happen that I “splash away” too much for the food. If my blood sugar level is then much too low, it is called "hypoglycaemia".

Juice in case of emergency

In this state I have a feeling that can best be described as very severe exhaustion and additional discomfort. For this reason, I always have something with me in an emergency that will quickly stabilize my value again, such as a bottle of juice. If I did not stabilize the value, I could even faint. But even if I have stabilized the value, my body needs some time to recover. So I have to pay attention to a lot more and plan a lot more in my everyday life (sport, school, vacation, excursions) than a healthy young person.

Every three months I go to the hospital to discuss my values ​​with the diabetologist and to get prescriptions for my needles and insulins. When I have redeemed my prescriptions at the pharmacy, I always come out with a large carrying bag.

Emotions can also affect blood sugar levels

Adolescent diabetics - like me - not only have to inject because of the food, but other factors can also influence the blood sugar level. The values ​​are often negatively influenced, for example, by growth or emotions. Exciting math work could lead to fluctuations in the values. Sports activities also have an enormous effect on blood sugar levels and I have to adjust my insulin administration and diet accordingly.

The disease would be much easier for me to endure if it were properly portrayed in public. Unfortunately, my type 1 diabetes is almost always confused with type 2 diabetes. Type 2 is often given to older and / or overweight people who, for example, eat incorrectly. My illness is not due to these causes. Even so, I constantly have to justify myself to ignorant people who even sometimes think I am injecting drugs. Even when visiting museums, there are always problems with being able to keep them due to the bag with my “emergency ration”. All of this is also very exhausting.

Hope for even better treatment options

Perhaps one day the research will be so far advanced that it will be much easier to treat diabetes or even better treat it or prevent it from the outset, for example with a vaccination. That would make me happy.

MediaCampus reporter Thomas Knublauch, grade 8a, Hildegardis School, Hagen