How big do Morgan horses normally get?

Appearance:
  • from warm-blooded looks to pony and cold-blooded
Origin:
  • from natural piebalds of various breeds and through crosses with piebald breeds
Distribution:
  • North America, Europe and Worldwide
Size:
Fitness:
Colours:
  • Plate check in every form
  • Tobiano, Overo, Sabino, Tovero
Character:
  • from very fiery to very cozy


Emergence

Pintos are horses of various breeds that have a plate check. Horses of all origins can be registered as pintos, regardless of whether their parents are Arabs, Morgan Horses, American Saddlebreds or Tennessee Walking Horses. However, no Appaloosas or cold-blooded animals are allowed. The origin or size are not important for the entry, only the plate check counts.




Breed associations

These horses are registered in the USA with the Pinto Horse Association of America (PtHA), where over 100,000 horses are already registered. In Germany, the horses are registered with the Breeding Association for German Horses (ZfDP) and the German Pinto Breeding Association (DPZV). All horses with a plate check that meet the respective requirements can be registered there. The aim of all associations is a very good, piebald riding horse, which can be clearly assigned to one of the sections or types.




forbidden intersections

Therefore, certain crossings are even forbidden. In the pinto breeding association, C (western horse) x E (gaited horse); I (Tinker) x A (Warmblood); F (baroque horse) x D (pony) or J (cold blood) x B (pleasure with Arabs) prohibited. All crossings within a section are allowed or between very similar sections such as ponies and Lewitzer.




Breeding problems and regulations

The animals of the Stallion Books II prove to be problematic in the breeding of good horses, which are often of very poor quality and are nevertheless often used for breeding. In Germany, a pinto must have a white spot over 50.0 cm², two spots over 20.0 cm² or several spots over 10.0 cm², which are distributed over the body. If one or more legs are white beyond the ankle or pastern joint, the horse can also be classified as a pinto.




Minimum check in the US

In the United States, there are other minimum dimensions for the check. A horse over two years of age must have at least 38 cm² of white patch with pink skin on the body or on certain parts of the head. A yearling needs a 20 cm² spot and a foal a 10 cm² spot in the prescribed places. In the case of ponies, these values ​​are halved and in the case of miniature horses, quartered and, in the case of stallions, at least one parent must belong to a recognized breed.




Breeding classes of the associations

The pintos come in a wide variety of appearances and are therefore divided into classes, depending on the association, these differ.


DPZV:

  • Section A - corresponds to the warmblood
  • Section B - a pleasure horse with Arabian blood
  • Section C - Stock Paint corresponding to the western horse
  • Section D - in the pony type
  • Section E - a gaited horse
  • Section F - a baroque horse
  • Section G - a small riding horse
  • Section H - the Lewitzer
  • Section I - the tinker
  • Section J - a cold blood

Horses that cannot be assigned to any section are entered as pintos without any additions.


ZfDP:

  • Pinto hunter
    • correspond to the German riding horse, about 75% of the German riding horse must have ancestry
    • Stallion performance test of the German riding horse
  • Pinto pleasure
    • clear Arab influence, between 148-160 cm, stallions with at least 50% Arabs, mares with at least 25% Arabs
    • Stallion performance test for German riding horses or for Arabs
  • Pinto stick
    • Western horse between 145-158 cm similar to Paint Horse
    • no stallion performance test recognized yet
  • Pinto little riding horse
    • corresponds to the small German riding horse, height between 148 and 158 cm
    • Stallion performance test of the small German riding horse
  • Pinto pony
    • piebald German riding pony between 118 to 148 cm
    • Stallion performance test for German riding ponies
  • Pinto gaited horse
    • like Saddlebred, Hackney, Morgan or Tennessee Walker
    • Stallions for Stallion Book I 100% of these breeds, mares 50% gaited horse blood of these breeds, 152-165 cm
  • Pinto Lewitzer
    • corresponds to German riding pony
    • Father or mother of a thoroughbred Lewitzer
  • Pinto Tinker Pony
    • no overo check
    • between 145-155 cm

Checks that cannot be assigned to the types are simply entered as pintos. Monochrome foals remain in the stud book with the note "monochrome". Pied cold-blooded horses, Icelanders and Shetland ponies are generally not registered.


PtHA:

  • Stock type
    • a western horse
    • Physique similar to a quarter horse
  • Hunter type
    • for westerns, terrain and sports
    • corresponds to the warmblood
  • Pleasure Type
    • Westerns, driving and sports
    • high proportion of Arabian blood, similar to Arabs or Morgan
  • Saddle type
    • for westerns, sports, driving and shows
    • a gaited horse similar to the American Saddlebred

Checks that cannot be assigned to the types are simply entered as pintos.




Check types

A distinction is made between different piebalds, the most important color drawings are Tobiano and Overo.

  • Tobiano
    • white with large, brightly colored spots
    • even and clearly defined contours
    • Spots mainly on the head, chest, flanks and hindquarters
    • Center back usually white
    • often white legs, two-tone mane and tail
  • Overo
    • colored with white markings around the belly
    • restless contours
    • Spots up to the neck, over the hindquarters, up to the legs
    • often normal markings on legs
    • "Color frames the white"
    • a lot of white on the face
    • sometimes completely white legs
    • Spotting ranges from almost solid color to almost white
  • Sabino
    • almost white or red mold-like
    • very spiky hair
    • Patterns start on the belly
    • large badges on the head and legs
  • Tovero
    • at the same time Tobiano and Overo drawing
    • often around the ears, forehead, eyes and mouth
    • small spots around the abdomen and hips
    • blue eyes possible

Lethal White Syndrome

With Overo spotting there is a risk of the fatal white factor (lethal white syndrome), and the gene for Overo spotting is passed on to the foal from both parents. The mutated genes for this spotting are also responsible for the damage to the nerves in the intestinal mucosa and are therefore harmful. The Overo x Overo cross is therefore often fatal.




Areas of application

There are many successful sport horses among the Pinots, which convince even in the highest classes. But their main area of ​​application is recreational riding, most of the animals convince with their versatility and good character. Pinto are particularly attractive to children, as they look like Indian horses.







Information:
  • DPZV - German Pinto Breeding Association
  • ZfDP - Breeding Association for German Horses
  • PtHA - Pinto Horse Association of America