Lord Shiva is awake now


Lord Shiva
Name Shiva (from Sanskrit) literally means "kind, gracious, kind". The friendly.

Lord Shiva, constantly in meditation with half-closed eyes, is one of the most revered deities in Hinduism. His residence is the holy mountain Kailash in the Himalayas. Most of the sadhus, holy men of India, follow him.

Shiva as part of the divine trinity "Brahma-Vishnu-Shiva" manifests as the destroyer. As such, however, it is also the cause of creation, because without the destruction of the old cycle, no new period of creation can arise. Brahma acts as the creator god and Vishnu as the god of preservation. The three divine aspects represent the three fundamental forces of nature that exist in the world: creation, maintenance and destruction. Shiva embodies tamas or the tendency to dissolve and annihilate.

Shiva the benevolent (gracious) is also known as the Mahadeva (maha = great, the great god) or Mahayogi, the chief of all yogis, whose drum sound helps people to awaken from their material illusion. Shiva's mighty drum and divine dance are a source of inspiration and urge humanity to develop and perfect spiritually.

Shiva has different manifestations. Although it goes beyond names and forms, it is artists
often portrayed as young and beautiful, with white skin. He has three eyes and four arms; holy ashes were smeared all over his body. In two of his hands he carries a trident (trisula) and a drum (damaru), the other two take up symbolic hand positions (mudras), meaning protection (abhaya) and granting benefits (varada).

He wears the crescent moon in his hair, and cobras wind around his neck. The raised right hand (Abhaya) means protection, blessing and reassurance. The three points of the trident serve to drive away demons and represent the three aspects of the deity: Creator, sustainer and annihilator at the same time. The snake (Naga) is the symbol of the eternal cycle of time and immortality.

Shiva sits on a tiger skin, there is the following story: the Rishis (ascetics) were jealous of Shiva because their wives were all inflamed in love for him. They let loose a wild tiger on him, but he killed him and pulled his skin off. When they sent him poisonous snakes, he tamed them and hung them around his neck. When the crescent moon was thrown at him, he tucked it into his locks as an ornament. The Rishis then knelt before him in reverence.

Shiva has long, felt-like hair, and the life-giving river Ganges rises at the top of his head. He wears a crescent moon as a crown and clothes made from tiger and elephant skin. Its neck, around which a large cobra winds, is blue. Shiva wears a chain and garland of skulls around him, and snakes adorn his body. He also wears a belt, a sacred cord (yajnopavita) and bangles.

Shiva's eyes are half closed, i.e. neither fully closed nor fully open. It is a sacred position called the sambhavee mudra. Closed eyes indicate that the person has withdrawn from the world. Open eyes indicate someone who is fully turned towards the world. The half-closed eyes therefore mean that Shiva's consciousness rests in the inner self while his body remains active in the outer world.

Artists often show Shiva meditating, with the snow-white background of Mount Kailash, which means absolutely pure consciousness. The state of meditation shown by Shiva's posture harbors deep symbolism, since meditation is the final gateway to self-realization. In order to realize God it is essential to meditate. Shiva represents the ideal of supreme renunciation that arises from God-realization.

Shiva's white skin symbolizes the light that drives away the darkness, the knowledge that drives away ignorance.

The trident (trisula), a weapon with three prongs,
symbolizes the destruction of the false ego together with its threefold desire nature in connection with the body, mind and intellect.

Shiva with his trident points to the victory over the false ego, which leads to the perfection of the real self. The three points represent the three properties (gunas): sattvas (pure, clear), rajas (active) and tamas (dull, sluggish and unmoved); the three phases of creation: creation, maintenance, destruction; as well as the three states: jagrat (wakefulness), swapna (dream phase) and sushupti (deep sleep).

The drum represents sound, alphabet, grammar, language and the entire field of sacred and secular arts and sciences. The drum in his hands means that all of creation, including the arts and sciences, arose from his divine will, or are merely a game of his. First Shiva drums, then he dances as Nataraja the dance of the universe.

The two eyes of Shiva symbolize the sun and the moon; his third eye symbolizes fire. The third eye represents the eye of knowledge and wisdom, the center of its omniscience. He burned the demon Manmatha, i.e. desire, with his third eye, known as "jnana chakshu", which literally means "eye of wisdom" and shows that Shiva has a divine view of reality.

All of the sky, including the wind, shapes Shiva's hair. Shiva is Lord of the Wind, who represents the subtle breath.

King Bhagiratha wanted to bring the Ganges from heaven to earth in order to secure salvation for the souls of his deceased ancestors. The king was faced with a problem. The power of the powerful

Ganga -River Goddess
Stromes was too big to hit the earth directly. The king needed a stopover to mitigate the fall from the great heavenly height. The king turned to Shiva, who agreed to help. Shiva caught the Ganges, which fell from the sky, in his felt-like hair and divided the one large river into seven smaller ones.

He then directed these seven currents from his hair to the earth. The Ganges stands for true self-knowledge. The common man finds it difficult to understand this experience of the highest state. It takes great souls like Bhagiratha to give such understanding to people. However, in order for people to benefit from the flow of knowledge, the strength of the flow or the experience must be manageable. The Ganges purifies everything that comes into contact with it. The bearer of the corridor becomes the personification of cleansing or redeeming qualities.

The powerful time represented by the crescent moon is nothing more than an ornament for Shiva. With the flow of time the moon waxes and wears. Shiva wears the moon on his head, which shows that he is master of time.

The tiger skin symbolizes complete mastery of anger. The elephant skin that he wears symbolizes that all animal impulses can be brought under control. So Shiva rises and masters all manifested power.

The coiled serpent represents time and Kundalini energy (serpentine power). Shiva is a master of time and energy.

Shiva will Nilakantha called ("blue neck") because he drank the poison that threatened to destroy the world when the gods and demons churned up the ocean of milk to gain the nectar. The poison stopped in his throat and stayed there, saving the outside world and Shiva himself. But the poison stained his throat blue.

The skull garland and the ashes on Shiva's body symbolize his role as Lord of Destruction. This also shows the cycles of the appearance and disappearance of human races. The skull garland also represents the egos of humanity that he has destroyed.

Shiva in the form of Shivalingam 

Shiva is also in the form of the Shivalingam, (Phallic symbol), revered, a symbol of energy and reproduction. This Shivalingam is always in the yoni ("lap, origin, source), the symbol of the feminine (Parvati), both together a symbol for the union from which new life arises. Especially Indian women

worship the Shivalingam for good offspring. Interestingly, Shiva's power of destruction in the form of Shivalinga also has a regenerating and life-giving effect.

Shiva the unifier of opposites; it is a symbol of destruction and dissolution on the one hand, but at the same time it is also the giver of life for generation and fertility.

The different types of linga include: the svayambhu linga, which arises naturally; the bindu-linga on which a person meditates; the pratishta-linga, which is installed with appropriate mantras; the Caram, also called Abhyatmika, and the duru-Linga, which symbolizes Shiva himself.

The forms of manifestation of Shiva

Shiva manifests in different ways. Though beyond names and forms, it takes on innumerable forms to our blessings. He appears in terrifying forms, but also in peaceful, benevolent forms that grant grace and benefit.

The most famous benevolent characters are Nataraja, the lord of the dance, Dakshinamurti, the world teacher, Ardhanarishvara, his half male / half female figure, Panchanana, the one with the five faces and Mahayogi, the lord of yoga and yogis. His best known terrible figure is Aghora Rudra


Shiva is considered the god of dance, Nataraja ("King of the Dance"), who measures the cosmic steps of creation and destruction by dancing (creation, preservation, embodiment, liberation and destruction). He is the master of 108 dance forms and stands above all other gods in the art of dance.

Nataraja - king of the dance
Shiva dances here on the body of a demon. This in turn symbolizes evil and ignorance. Shiva's dance has a cosmic meaning. He heralds a new age. The flames around him represent the cycle of creation, decay, and rebirth.

The scriptures describe nine of the nataraja's dance styles as being very famous. The Nataraja portrait shows Shiva standing in a dance position with four hands and two legs and surrounded by a circle of fire. He holds a drum (damaru) in his upper right hand and fire in his left. The lower right hand is in the position of the "abhaya mudra" (protective gesture and sign of fearlessness). The left hand points to the raised left foot. His right foot is on the demon Apasmara.

Shiva dances every evening to alleviate the sufferings of creatures and to entertain the gods who gather on Kailash Mountain. Shiva's dance symbolizes an incessant process of creation, maintenance and destruction. The drum represents the sound of creation and the fire (pralayagni) symbolizes the flames that destroy the world at the end of time. His other two hands, offering blessings, benefits, and protection, turn to the followers and encourage them to seek protection at the Lord's feet. Those who give themselves up completely have nothing to fear. The demon on which Shiva stands symbolizes the ignorance that makes us lose our balance and awareness. Shiva's dance leads us to a heaven of bliss where the ego dissolves and we find peace. In his "Tandava" dance, Shiva destroys the demon of ignorance for the benefit of the followers who give themselves completely to him. He dances in every heart. Shiva's dance represents the heartbeat. It is also called "Chidamabaram", which means sacred space in the heart.


Another aspect of Shiva "Dakshinamurti" represents the world teacher. One of the qualities Shiva embodies is self-knowledge (jnana). As the god of all students, scholars and seekers of wisdom and knowledge, he is the model of a perfect guru.


His aspect

as "Ardhanarisvara" Shiva represents half as a man and half as a woman. His left or female side represents Parvati, his wife.

This picture symbolizes the bipolar nature of the world, the equality of man and woman, as well as the union of Shiva-Shakti, which leads to spiritual enlightenment.

Basically the nature of the world is bipolar. Everything exists as opposites (pairs), characterized by two opposing opinions or natures. The principle of opposition is represented here through the masculine (purusha) and feminine (prakriti) aspect - Shiva and Shakti, purusa and prakriti. When Purusha and Prakriti unite, the material nature is manifested. With his power (Shakti), personified as the goddess Kali, Shiva dissolves the universe and destroys illusion and ignorance.


A powerful figure of Shiva, called "Panchanana" (the five-faced one), shows Shiva as the highest - the embodiment and source of all gods. It expresses the following five aspects of Shiva: Isana (the ruler), Tatpurusa (the highest man), Aghora (without fear or frightening), Vamadeva (deity of the left hand) and Sadyojata (the one born immediately or suddenly).


As "Mahayogi" Shiva is the Lord of Yoga and Yogis, often depicted in deep meditation - immersed in the joy of the bliss of one's self.

Aghora Rudra

In his fiercest aspect, Shiva appears as "Aghora Rudra". Rudra contains the angry, destructive aspect. In Vishnu Purana, Brahma Shiva gives seven other names: Bhava, Sarva, Ishan, Pashupati, Bhima, Ugra and Mahadev. Rudraksha pearls (tears of Rudra) are worn by Shiva's followers and yogis as malas around the neck or wrist.

About Parvati

As the mother of the universe, Parvati is the divine consort of Shiva. She also represents the ideal Hindu woman due to her perfect devotion to Shiva. It manifests in their drastic forms as Kali and Durga and in their gentle ones
Shiva and Parvati
Expression as Sati and Uma. She is the mother of Ganapatis (Ganesha) and Karttikeyas (Skanda).

Sati was reborn as Parvati, daughter of Himavan, god of the Himalayas, and of Mena. It represents cosmic energy (Prakriti or primal nature) and can never be separated from Shiva (Purusha or known spirit).

Like Shiva, Parvati has the double aspect of preservation and destruction. Parvati is the symbol of the life-giving, life-sustaining mother. In Shaktism it is the embodiment of divine energy (shakti), without which the God Shiva, who is at rest in himself, could not fulfill his function. In relation to Parvati (his dynamic power), Shiva is the transcendent Absolute. If Parvati embodies the aspect of destruction, it is called Kali or Durga.

About Durga

Durga embodies the almighty creative power and the consciousness of the highest power (God). She is the divine mother-goddess; she is powerful and the best

Expression of nature as a female deity. She appears as Durga to fight demons. Durga is the most widespread form of Shakti worship. Durga personifies the totality of the powers of the deities.

She has a beautiful skin color, 8 arms and rides a tiger or a lion. She was fully grown at birth. In her hands she holds a discus, a sea shell, a flaming arrow, a bow, a quiver and arrows and a rosary. She wields an iron staff, a thunder, a club and a dagger. With great ease she killed Mahisha, Shumbha, Raktajiva, Nishumba - they were all very powerful demons.

She is kind, gracious, and gracious to those who are devoted to her. She fulfills the wishes of her followers who pray to her with sincere hearts; it grants material and spiritual wealth. Seekers of God call on them with the request to destroy all their desires and to develop their highest selves. It helps to destroy our inner negative forces, weaknesses and smallness. On earth it has the role of eliminating demons that haunt gods and men.

About Kali

Kali is black

Kali the black
and dances with a chain of human skulls around his neck. A skirt made from severed arms adorns her hips. With your red eyes sticking out and your tongue sticking out, she looks terrifying and terrifying.

The word Kali comes from the word "kaala" which means both black and time. That's why people call her Kali - the black one.

Kali embodies time and nature. The three aspects of cosmic function - creation, maintenance and destruction - happen in time. This finds symbolic expression in the fact that she dances on Shiva's chest - Mahakaala (eternity). Kali represents Devi's drastic aspect. Your three eyes see the past, the present and the future.

Their bright white teeth symbolize sattwa, purity.The tongue hanging out means rajas, the active principle in nature. Artists portray them with multiple arms, usually four.

She holds a severed human head in one hand, indicating the destruction of the ego of her followers. Another hand wields a sword with which she severed the bond of bondage. Other hands show gestures to drive away fear and promote spiritual strength.

Kali wears a garland of 51 human skulls that represent the 51 letters of the Sanskrit alphabet. Sanskrit is a sacred language that contains consummate knowledge and wisdom.