How did Erik Erikson raise his children

Psychology and philosophy, textbook [psychology part]

142 6th level (approx. 16-30 years of age): The aim here is to establish intimate relationships, which, in view of the increasing pace of everyday and professional life and increasing mobility of people, was Erikson's model in the late 1950s developed when a problem became apparent. The ability to love and active participation in life are at the center of this period of life. Failure leads to isolation and withdrawal; Competition is then avoided as well as cooperation. 7th stage (approx. 30–60 years of age): This section focuses on concern for future generations (Erikson speaks of generativity). Own children are conceived and raised, but that does not exhaust the potential of this level. Erikson also considers teaching in general, including scientific, artistic and social engagement, to be generativity. In the case of failure, stagnation takes the place of generativity. 8th level (from around the age of 60): People are now starting to look back on their lives. If it seems to them to be successful, they are largely at peace with themselves; they accept their lives and reach a state of integrity. If, on the other hand, they see it as a failure, they bear the burden of their lives - and despair. Suggestions for independent further work Present Erikson's development model in comparison to the approaches of Freud and Mahler! What are the similarities, what are the most striking differences? As the first component of a healthy personality, I call the feeling of basic trust, by which I would like to understand an attitude towards oneself and the world based on the experiences of the first year of life. By “trust” I mean what is generally known as a feeling of being able to leave oneself, in relation to the credibility of others as well as the reliability of oneself. When I speak of it as a primal experience By that I mean that neither these components nor the components that come later are particularly conscious, in childhood as little as in adolescence. In fact, all of these criteria, when developed in childhood and integrated in adolescence, are reflected in the overall personality. Erik H. Erikson: Identity and Life Cycle (15th ed. 1995), p. 62. These remarks on basic trust make it clear how Erikson thinks his development model. If all stages go well, it should lead to a healthy personality. If this succeeds (to some extent), the positive experiences of the individual levels remain noticeable and recognizable in the overall result. Erikson assumed a close interaction between the individual and his environment when completing the individual levels. Essentially, he assumed that mutual recognition between the individual and the community to which it belongs would lead to a prosperous development and, above all, to its successful conclusion

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