Is Plato's cave still relevant today


Plato lived from 428/427 BC. until 348/347 BC. in Athens. He was the student of Socrates and often used him as the main character in his dialogues. 387 BC Plato founded his academy, in which he counted Aristotle among his students.

Online texts

pictorial representation of the allegory of the cave
pictorial representation of the allegory of the cave
  1. Use one of the pictures to describe the way out of the cave.
  2. Is Plato's allegory of the cave still relevant today? Collect examples in the group.

How can you get happiness?

According to Plato, happiness can only be achieved if one comes to the philosophical insight that happiness and the idea of ​​what is good and just are connected. So good and happiness are identical.

The pursuit of happiness must always be guided by wisdom, prudence and insight.

You can only put good into practice if you have recognized the idea of ​​the good. So happiness is only possible in the cave (cf. the allegory of the cave). Furthermore, happiness can only be achieved by a philosopher, since the vision of the good is reserved for him. Only the philosopher can free himself from the cave and feel at home in the divine world. So he can only achieve happiness in the vicinity of God. He also has to get rid of his body. Plato believes that mind and body are in conflict. So he represents the Soma-Sema doctrine with the dualism between body and mind. (Soma = body, Sema = grave)

Web links

Plato's parables, with animation for the allegory of the cave

See also