What does TX mean in medical terms

questions and answers

What does TX mean?
TX means "transplant" in medical jargon.

Who is eligible as a donor?
In principle, all deceased persons who have been diagnosed with irreversible brain death and who do not contradict organ removal can be considered as organ donors. There are no age restrictions. Malignancies and massive sepsis are contraindications.

What can I do if I want to be available as an organ donor after my death?
According to the Austrian legal situation, you are automatically available as an organ donor as long as you have not submitted an objection during your lifetime. Talking to your family members about your wish to be available as an organ donor is helpful, however, as this way your family members can be sure that an organ donation was in your favor.

What do I have to do if I do not want to be available as an organ donor after my death?
According to Austrian law, organs or parts of organs may be removed from you after your death, provided you have not objected to such removal during your lifetime. A safe way of filing this objection is to register it in the Austrian objection register. There is also the possibility of registering your underage children. Before any organ removal, a query is always made in the Opposition register carried out. However, there are also other ways of documenting the objection to organ removal, e.g. B. by a letter or an entry in the medical history.

Do people who are entered in the register of opposition also receive an organ if they need one themselves?
Yes.

What is meant by "brain death"?
Brain death represents the irreversible failure of the functions of the entire brain (i.e. the cerebrum, the cerebellum and the brain stem) and is therefore medically, ethically and legally equated with the individual death of a person. In the case of a planned organ removal, the cardiovascular function of the deceased can be artificially maintained through ventilation and medication.

Can brain death be unequivocally determined?
Brain death can be determined beyond doubt by a fixed sequence of examinations. The prerequisites for starting brain death diagnostics are the presence of primary or secondary brain damage, a precise record of the previous history and findings, and the exclusion of high levels of medication from centrally active substances. After carefully checking these requirements, two clinical examinations and additional auxiliary examinations (e.g. EEG) must be carried out. The exact sequence is in the Recommendations for carrying out brain death diagnosticswhich were drawn up by a committee of experts and approved by the Supreme Sanitary Council.

How do I get on a waiting list?
After the treating doctor has made an appropriate indication, the patient is referred to a transplant center. If the center approves a transplant after further examinations, the patient will be placed on the center's waiting list.

Where are organs transplanted in Austria?
Organ transplants are carried out at four locations in Austria. These are the three university clinics in Graz, Innsbruck and Vienna as well as the Elisabethinen hospital in Linz. The three university clinics basically transplant all organs in question. Only kidney transplants are performed in Linz. The number of transplants performed per site is shown in the annual transplant report.

Which organs can be transplanted?
At present, kidneys, liver, lungs (transplantation of one or both lungs), pancreas, heart, intestines and limbs are transplanted in Austria. Organs can also be transplanted in combination (e.g. heart-lung, kidney-pancreas).

Can I sell my organs?
Living donations are only accepted in Austria in the form of altruistic donations. Analogous to organ donation from deceased persons and international practice, organs in living donation may not be the subject of legal transactions. A living donation against financial compensation is therefore not permitted in Austria.
The granting of adequate compensation to living donors for loss of earnings and other expenses caused by the donation and the associated medical measures, as well as the granting of compensation in the event of damage as a result of the donation and other related expenses However, this does not prevent medical measures in accordance with Section 4 of the Organ Transplantation Act.

Can I donate one of my kidney relatives or friends who are urgently waiting for an organ?
Yes, however, every potential living donor is examined in detail in order to verify the actual suitability for the recipient in question.