What is another name for potassium?

potassium

Why is the potassium level measured?

Potassium is present in the body as an electrically charged particle. These are also known as potassium ions and are abbreviated as K +. Potassium is involved in many electrical processes, e.g. in the transmission of signals between nerve or muscle cells. It is needed to maintain the electrical voltage in the cells.

Potassium is an important mineral for the body. People need around 2 grams of potassium every day. Foods rich in potassium include: Mushrooms, bananas, beans, chiles, cheese, spinach and potatoes.

 

What potassium levels should men have?

Lower limit: 3.6 millimoles per liter (mmol / l)
Upper limit: 5.0 millimoles per liter (mmol / l)

 

What potassium levels should women have?

Lower limit: 3.6 millimoles per liter (mmol / l)
Upper limit: 5.0 millimoles per liter (mmol / l)

 

What do low values ​​mean?

Potassium levels that are too low may indicate that people have been taking diuretic drugs or laxatives for a long time. Inadequate food intake during fasting or anorexia, vomiting or diarrhea over a long period of time can also lead to a potassium deficiency. Increased potassium is also excreted in kidney failure and hormonal disorders (Cushing's syndrome).

 

What do high values ​​mean?

Potassium levels that are too high can indicate kidney weakness, hormonal disorders (Addison's disease), therapy with antihypertensive or dehydrating drugs (e.g. ACE inhibitors or potassium-sparing diuretics) or over-acidification of the blood (acidosis).

The levels can be mistakenly elevated if the red blood cells burst during the blood draw, releasing the potassium from the red blood cells.