98 70 is a good blood pressure

What to do if your blood pressure is too low

05.09.2016

Experts give tips on low blood pressure. Hypotension is not always harmless; it can also be due to a thyroid disorder or a weak heart muscle.

You don't need a lot of time and you don't necessarily have to see a doctor - you can also have your blood pressure measured in the pharmacy. The focus is particularly on high blood pressure, especially because of its possible consequences such as stroke or heart attack. Values ​​above 140 to 90 millimeters of mercury (mmHg) are referred to as hypertension. But some people also have low blood pressure. This so-called hypotension is not always harmless. A doctor should do an examination to find out whether the low blood pressure has an organic cause, explains cardiologist Heribert Brück from Erkelenz in North Rhine-Westphalia. He is the press spokesman for the Federal Association of Resident Cardiologists (BNK). For example, a blood pressure that is too low can be an indication of an underactive thyroid or heart disease such as a weak heart muscle.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), a blood pressure of less than 100 to 60 mmHg is considered low in women and below 110 to 70 mmHg in men. Worldwide it affects up to five percent of the population. "Low blood pressure in itself is not a disease," Brück clarifies. Rather, it is a circulatory disorder. Those affected often only perceive hypotension when dizziness, ringing in the ears or sensitivity to cold set in in certain situations.

Doctors differentiate between regulatory and chronic and episodic hypotension. In regulative hypotension, for example, there are problems with rapid changes in physical position. This can be, for example, the abrupt straightening of the body after bending over or getting up too quickly after lying down - the affected person may then be dizzy and see small asterisks. If the blood pressure is chronically or episodically lowered, there are disturbances in the blood flow. They manifest themselves, for example, in poor concentration and rapid fatigue.

In Germany, between three and five million people are affected, as the pharmacist Ursula Sellerberg from the Federal Chamber of Pharmacists in Berlin says. Older people in particular should take low blood pressure seriously. If seniors have problems getting up, for example, they risk falling when taking the first steps. "This can lead to painful and complicated bone fractures, especially in older people, who often suffer from osteoporosis," explains Sellerberg.

People who suffer from high blood pressure are sometimes prescribed antihypertensive medication. "In the case of low blood pressure, no medication is usually administered," reports Brück. Instead, the focus is more on means of self-help. "It can often be helpful to improve blood circulation and the oxygen supply," says Christian Dannhart from the Kneipp Association - Federal Association for Health Promotion and Prevention in Bad Wörishofen. For example, alternating showers - sometimes warm, sometimes cold - can stimulate the cardiovascular system or promote blood circulation. If a change from warm to cold takes too much effort all over the body, you can start by first rinsing individual parts of the body - for example the legs to the buttocks - with changing water temperatures. "However, a doctor should be consulted in advance," says Brück. Alternate showers are not always recommended for certain pre-existing conditions such as venous disorders.

Women and men with low blood pressure should also eat high-salt foods. "A diet rich in minerals and vitamins is also important, so plenty of fruit and vegetables," explains Dannhart. Last but not least, it is good for the circulation to drink at least two liters of mineral water a day. Medicinal plants often have a positive effect on hypotension have a stimulating effect on the circulatory system. This can be rosemary, for example. Exercise also often helps with low blood pressure. "One possibility is, for example, to stimulate the circulatory system by cycling with your legs in the air in bed before you get up in the morning", advises Sellerberg. Dannhart refers to Kneipp, who recommended moderate exercise in the fresh air. Translated into today's times, this means endurance sports such as hiking, cycling or cross-country skiing.

"Relaxation techniques such as yoga or breathing exercises can also promote blood circulation and thus improve the oxygen supply to the brain," says Dannhart. Sellerberg has another tip for people with low blood pressure: "Those affected should simply lie down frequently and raise their legs . "

Source: dpa