Missiles will replace standard artillery
Russia will build the "largest" aircraft carrier in the world to compete with the United States. The world's largest aircraft carrier in action. The world's best aircraft carrier
A person is ready to protect his peace by all means. The vastness of the ocean, for example, contains incredible aggregates that are supposed to serve peace and tranquility. The largest aircraft carriers are discussed below.
Companies. Incredible aircraft carrier valued at $ 451 million. Equipped with a nuclear facility, it is 342 meters long. The project included the approval of five more such structures. However, the cost of building the Enterprise indicated that such plans would be too expensive for the US military. First launched in 1961. The total displacement of the ship is 93,400 tons.
Nimitz. Another idea from America launched in 1975. A dozen more ships were built according to Nimitz's project, the last of which entered service as early as 2009. The main costs for this type of aircraft were lower than those of the Enterprise, which is why series production was set up. The length of the unit is 333 meters. Full displacement - 106 thousand tons.
Lincoln... The Nimitz-class aircraft carrier launched in 1988 is the fifth ship in the project. Known for being used during the fighting in Iraq and being shot in several films. The length of the ship is 332.8 m, the displacement of the ship is 97 thousand tons. The ship's aircraft group consists of 90 aircraft and helicopters.
Kitty Hawk... The USA once again tops the list of manufacturers of the world's most powerful aircraft carriers. Kitty Hawk is 327 meters long and has modern electronics and sonar systems. The ship does not have nuclear artillery like its followers. Launched in 1955. The displacement of the ship is 93 thousand tons.
Forrestal... Forrestal was named after the first US Department of Defense and was also the first project after World War II. All experience from conducting hostilities was gathered by the best military engineers and embodied in this aircraft carrier. Its length is 325 meters, its displacement is 81 thousand tons. In use since 1955. One of the notable incidents related to this aircraft carrier was a fire in 1967. The official version states that the fire was the result of an independent rocket launch under the influence of an electrical surge.
John F. Kennedy... The aircraft carrier is 320 meters long and is manufactured again in the USA. The fourth follower of Kitty Hawk, named after the 35th President of America. The original plan was to equip it with a nuclear facility. The project was later revised and a decision was made in favor of gas turbine generators. Has been in service since 1968. The displacement of the ship is 82 thousand tons.
Midway... discoverer of American heavy aircraft carriers, 306 meters long. The ship has a rich history as it was actively used during the bombing of Vietnam and Operation Desert Storm. Today it has already been taken out of the fleet, but still functions differently - as a museum ship.
Admiral Kuznetsov... Built in the USSR, born in shipbuilding on the Black Sea. Named after the admiral of the USSR fleet, it was intended for attacks on large targets and the protection of the sea space. The aircraft carrier carries fighters and helicopters during the campaigns. The length of the ship is 302 meters and was published in 1990. Displacement - 59 thousand tons.
Lexington... The aircraft carrier is 271 meters long and one of the most historic in the United States. It was launched in 1929 and equipped with a superstructure and nuclear facilities, as well as an armored hull. Full displacement - 47,700 tons.
Shinano... The representative of Japan among the largest aircraft carriers in the world has a length of 266 meters and was founded in 1944. It is noteworthy that at the beginning of the war the ship was only half finished and was built according to the battleship project. However, after the defeat of the Japanese army in Midway, it was decided to convert the ship into an aircraft carrier. The armor thickness of the newly manufactured aircraft carrier was 178 mm and is equipped with 718 tons of aviation fuel tanks. The total displacement of the ship is 71,890 tons.
It was built in 1994-1997 by the Spanish company "Basan" and is similar in design to the aircraft carrier "Principe de Asturias", which was previously built by the same company for the Spanish Navy.
Used to monitor the exclusive economic zone and for search and rescue operations. His duties also include providing air support. In general, however, the ship's combat capability is rated as low due to lack of funding and infrequent trips to the sea.
According to the media of both Thailand and many other countries, "Chakri Narubet" can be considered the largest royal yacht in the world, as members of the royal family are usually present on the ship on short-term trips to the sea, such as those of the aircraft carrier equipped with extensive apartments is.
The electronic armament includes: a multifunctional radar with a phased antenna array AMS / Selex EMPAR, a triple-coordinated radar for the detection of air targets with long range, a radar for the detection of air and surface targets with short and medium range, two fire control radars of 76 mm AU, a flight control radar, navigation A radar, a hydroacoustic station for navigation and mine search, an infrared lighting system, an infrared all-round viewing system, a system for the instrumental landing of aircraft on the deck.
In addition to aircraft and helicopters, it can carry troops: 415 people, up to 100 wheeled vehicles or 24 main tanks or 50 heavy armored combat vehicles.
Aircraft carrier of the Brazilian Navy, the former aircraft carrier "Foch" of the "Clemenceau" type of the French Navy. It was established on February 15, 1957, launched on July 23, 1960, entered the French Navy on July 15, 1963. On November 15, 2000, it was handed over to the Brazilian Navy and, after repairs, came to Brazil in February 2001.
The power plant is a twin-shaft steam turbine. Consists of six Laval steam boilers and two Alstom turbines.
The total output is 126,000 hp. With.
The aircraft carrier was built on the basis of the heavy aircraft cruiser Admiral Gorshkov through extensive modernization. After a complete reconstruction, the ship changed its purpose: instead of an aircraft-piloting submarine cruiser, the ship became a full-fledged aircraft carrier.
In November 2013, the ceremonial handover of the aircraft carrier Vikramaditya (the former heavy aircraft carrier Admiral Gorshkov) to the Indian Navy took place in Severodvinsk. From November 26, the ship made the transition from Severomorsk to the Indian naval base Karvar. On January 8, 2014, the aircraft carrier Vikramaditya arrived off the coast of Karnataka with no weapons or planes. The integration of the new ship into the Indian Navy took about four months. During all this time, Russian warranty specialists were working on the ship.
The composition of the air group was determined: These are 14-16 MiG-29K aircraft, 4 MiG-29KUB (transferred to India on February 12, 2009), up to 8 Ka-28 helicopters, 1 Ka-31 helicopters, bis to 3 HAL Dhruv (instead of 2 Ka-28) ... First, the pilots are trained on an electronic marine aviation simulator and after the commissioning of a similar complex in India.
Charles de Gaulle is the flagship of the French Navy, the only operational aircraft carrier in the French Navy, the first French surface combat ship with a nuclear power plant. Among the aircraft carriers of other countries, with the exception of the United States, it is the second largest (after the Russian heavy aircraft cruiser "Admiral Kuznetsov") and the most combat-ready aircraft carrier.
The maximum capacity is up to 100 aircraft for up to 7 days. Starts can occur every 30 seconds. Simultaneous take-offs and landings are not provided for in the draft.
Supports the tactical radio communication standard L16 for data exchange between military units, in which it can function as a command post. In this case, he can pilot fighter jets, send them target designation data and assign combat missions.
The Queen Elizabeth-class aircraft carriers are British aircraft carriers, also known as CVF, and are being built to replace the current Invincible-class light aircraft carriers. Two aircraft carriers are currently under construction (HMS Queen Elizabeth and HMS Prince of Wales).
The development of the ship's mechanical structures was fully automated. Computer simulation tools were developed by QinetiQ. The design of the hull was based on the required 50-year lifespan of the ship. A feature of the fuselage was the presence of a diving board, which was used for short take-off aircraft. Since the lifespan of the F-35 aircraft is 20 years, it was decided to leave the possibility of converting the aircraft carrier into a flat-deck aircraft for horizontal take-off aircraft. The fuselage has nine decks, excluding the flight deck. Corus is supplying 85,000 tons of steel valued at £ 65 million to build the two aircraft carriers.
These ships were supposed to be the largest ships ever built for the Royal Navy.
The Liaoning is the PLA's first and only aircraft carrier. It was established in 1985 at a shipyard in Nikolaev for the USSR Navy as the second aircraft carrier of Project 1143.6. After the collapse of the USSR in 1992, the ship went to Ukraine and construction ceased in 1998. Officially bought by China for $ 25 million to organize a floating entertainment center. Towed to China and locked as an aircraft carrier. On September 25, 2012, it became part of the PLA Navy.
The design of the ship is similar to that of a type "Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union Kuznetsov", most of the differences lie in the combat systems and the electronic weapons used. According to reports, the P-700 Granite anti-granite missile launchers were dismantled in the nose of the aircraft carrier and the deck shafts sealed for them to provide more space for the placement of spare parts for aircraft and helicopters from the Navy Air Force.
"Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union Kuznetsov" is a heavy aircraft cruiser of Project 1143.5, the only one of its class in the Russian Navy. Designed to defeat large-scale targets and protect naval formations with aircraft carriers and large numbers of submarines from attack by a potential enemy. "Admiral Kuznetsov" is also responsible for supporting amphibious operations.
The aircraft carrier carries 12 4K-80 launchers for the heavy granite missiles. "Aircraft Carrying Cruiser".
On November 12, 2016, the carrier group began maneuvers in the eastern Mediterranean off the coast of Syria. On November 15, 2016, Su-33 aircraft from an aircraft carrier began targeting the positions of ISIS and Jabhat al-Nusra terrorists in the Syrian provinces of Idlib and Homs for the first time in the history of the Russian Navy.
2 "Nimitz" (mustache)
In 1981, in the course of discussions in both Congress and the Pentagon, it was decided to produce an improved "Nimitz". In the end, 7 aircraft carriers of this type were built.
The first improved aircraft carrier "Nimitz" is known as "Theodore Roosevelt", which entered service in 1986. In 1999 he took part in the NATO war against Yugoslavia.
The Gerald R. Ford-class aircraft carriers are a series of U.S. multi-role nuclear-powered aircraft carriers that have been under construction since 2009. Developed as an improved version of the Nimitz-class aircraft carriers and differ from these through comparable sizes and aircraft armament, reduced crew due to a high degree of automation and consequently lower operating costs. In addition, the new aircraft carriers are characterized by the introduction of a number of new technologies and design solutions, in particular elements of stealth technology. The lead ship was cast off on November 14, 2009, and commissioning is scheduled for 2016. In addition, the construction of at least two ships is planned as the Gerald R. Ford aircraft carriers will be taken over and will replace the Nimitz aircraft carriers.
As a self-defense air defense system, the ship is equipped with Raytheon ESSM missiles with two 8-container launchers for 32 missiles each. The missiles are designed to combat fast and agile anti-ship missiles. The short-range systems include RAM anti-aircraft missiles from Raytheon and Ramsys GmbH.
The ship will use an improved ammunition and consumable storage and supply system with double height storage facilities. The ammunition capacity of an aircraft carrier consists of missiles, artillery shells, bombs and air-to-surface missiles for attack aircraft, torpedoes and deep charges for anti-submarine aircraft.
There are currently many large aircraft carriers around the world. A modern army only needs mobility to carry out its duties, which is why aircraft carriers are needed that can carry dozens of fighter jets and thousands of people. Some of the largest aircraft carriers in the world are still in service today, while others can only be seen in museums.
It can be said with absolute precision that the ship "Nimitz" is the largest aircraft carrier in the world. Its length is 333 meters. Thanks to its wide flight deck, this giant can accommodate around 90 aircraft (including 64 military aircraft designed to destroy objects in the air and 26 helicopters). The crew of the Nimitz consists of more than 3,000 people, most of whom are flight personnel, and 70 people are in the command staff. Almost all aircraft carriers of this series are similar in technical parameters, design solutions and combat equipment. Incidentally, the Nimitz aircraft carrier can be operated for twenty years without changing the power plant's energy source. This means that it can be sent safely on a long journey for that long period of time. The first aircraft carrier in this series was launched in 1975.
The power plant of the aircraft carrier, consisting of the main and auxiliary systems, is not to be mentioned. The first in turn consists of two water reactors, each of which supplies two rotary motors with a rotational movement of the rotor. The main difference between such a reactor is that plain water under pressure plays the role of a coolant and a moderator. This type of reactor is currently considered to be the most efficient and therefore very popular around the world. If you combine the power of four turbines, you can get the power of a real monster with a capacity of 280,000 horsepower. The auxiliary system consists of four diesel engines, each with a capacity of 10, 7 thousand horses. The aircraft carrier Nimitz is armed with powerful weapons to defend itself against enemies attacking both from the air and from the water. It has three air defense systems, four anti-aircraft guns with a caliber of 22 mm and two systems for firing torpedoes (caliber 324 mm).
Another largest aircraft carrier that deserves to be included in our rating. With a length of 342.3 meters, it exceeds all warships. But it's not just its length that sets this aircraft carrier apart - it was the first to be powered by a nuclear fission chain reaction. The plans of the U.S. military developers included the release of 5 more such aircraft carriers, but since it cost more than $ 459 million to create the first ship, they changed their minds to continue that line. Because of this, the overly expensive Terrier surface-to-air missile system was not installed on the aircraft carrier. Instead, an American RIM-7 Sea Sparrow guided missile with a shorter range was installed, and more complexes were added later.
Strangely enough, one charge of nuclear fuel is enough to ensure the ship's uninterrupted operation for thirteen years. It can travel approximately a million miles during that time.
The giant took about three years to form, and construction of an aircraft carrier began in 1957. Five years later, under the leadership of Captain Vincent DePo, the ship set off for its first real naval baptism. The Enterprise made its debut in a military operation during the Cuban Missile Crisis. In 1965 the warship was used in Southeast Asia, where it took part in the Vietnam War. By the way, at that moment he was the first aircraft carrier with a nuclear facility to take part in hostilities.During the same period, "Enterprise" set a world record - 165 combat units rose from the aircraft carrier within 24 hours.
The Enterprise also had the chance to survive the accident - not far from the 127 millimeter large Zuni rocket was a self-propelled, self-propelled, trackless ground transport vehicle for towing vehicles. It was the high-temperature exhaust gases that caused the missile to self-start, causing it to hit a fuel tank on board the aircraft, which was already causing a fuel spill. The consequences were global - air bombs exploded, more than twenty crew members were killed, nearly 350 were injured, and fifteen aircraft were destroyed. The total damage was more than one hundred million US dollars. By the way, the giant himself was not injured at all.
In the 1980s, the Enterprise overhauled its nuclear reactor and removed the Hughes Aircraft SCANFAR marine radar. At the beginning of the new century the aircraft carrier took part in the military operation of the United States and Great Britain against Iraq "Desert Fox" and was also used to drive the Taliban out of the Afghan countries. He then returned to the waters of the Persian Gulf, where he provided air support to the Americans during the hostilities against Iraq. A few years ago the Enterprise reestablished itself in the Persian Gulf.
Among the aircraft carriers in Europe and Asia stands out a ship named after the great admiral of the USSR Ministry of Finance, Kuznetsov. This giant is considered to be one of the most powerful and largest.
The development of the aircraft carrier began in 1982. The giant's technical performance promised to make it an advanced aircraft carrier. The idea was to extend the deck so that the Su-25 and Su-27 fighters could take off. The warship Admiral Kuznetsov was the first to use an optical landing system on the aircraft carrier Luna.
The length of the "Admiral Kutuzov" is a little more than three hundred meters, which can accommodate 25 helicopters and the same number of aircraft. Judging by the combat and radar equipment, our aircraft carrier will surely take its place among the leaders. On its deck are twelve granite launchers, eight Kortikov, six AK-630M artillery mounts, and four dagger mounts. Thanks to this powerful armament, the aircraft carrier can fire continuously for a long time. It has currently been decided to completely replace the Su-33 fighters on the operating aircraft carrier with the MiG-29K and to begin the overhaul in the future.
Man puts a lot of love, all the power of inspiration and knowledge into his inventions. Even those who bring destruction and death. There are always excuses that all of this is for the protection and maintenance of world order.
All of this applies fully to the invention of the miracle of human thought - aircraft carriers.
The idea of combining aviation and navy emerged at the end of the 19th century. Then balloons were used as planes taking off from ships. The inefficiency and poor maneuverability of balloons made us think about more advanced projects - the creation of floating airfields for airplanes. On November 14, 1910, the idea took on real features, when an aircraft took off for the first time from the deck of the cruiser "Birmingham". Two months later, the plane not only took off, but was also able to land on the deck of the ship.
For the first time, aircraft carriers took part in hostilities during World War I. Of the leading warring countries in World War II, only the United States, Great Britain, Japan, and France used aircraft carriers. The USSR and Italy were never able to implement their projects to create ships of this class. Germany launched the Graf Zeppelin aircraft carrier, but this ship never went to sea and did not take part in hostilities. On April 24, 1945, it was sunk by its own crew. In the summer of 1945 it was raised from below and drafted into the Soviet Navy as a combat unit, but after the treaty of 1947 it was already flooded again and again.
Today's aircraft carriers are real floating military bases where many types of troops are synthesized. These giants are able to deliver entire squadrons in a short time to any point in the ocean, to any coast in the world. In addition, modern aircraft carriers are equipped with strategic nuclear and missile weapons.
Contemplate the greatest representatives of this class of warships and traditionally do not forget to look at the pages of history.
HMS Argus (UK)
The Argus, named after the mythological hero, was the first classic aircraft carrier to enter the British Navy. Previously, battleships were used to take off and land aircraft to change their design. For the first time, a flat take-off and landing deck was built on "Argus".
During the war, plans for British shipbuilding were changed. The Argus was originally intended to be used for passenger transport, but on September 16, 1918, it was launched as an aircraft carrier.
The Sopwith Cuckoo squadron was assigned to the Argus. In a modified design with reinforced anti-aircraft and artillery weapons, "Argus" took part in World War II. After the Argus was badly damaged in a battle with a German submarine and aircraft on November 10, 1942, she was decommissioned and used as a training ship.
The creation of Argus has prompted other countries to undertake projects to create floating airfields.
Would you like to learn more about the greatest battles of World War II? The site has a very interesting side.
"Lexington", with a displacement of 30,000 tons in the 1920s, became the largest ship in the world in its class. The Americans built their first large aircraft carrier in 4 years and launched it in October 1925.
The length of the ship was 270.6 meters and the width of the flight deck was 39.6 meters. With its large dimensions, the aircraft carrier developed a speed of 34 knots. On the deck of the ship there were 70 aircraft of various modifications. Most of the deck squadron "Lexington" consisted of fighters - 22 units. Including 12 torpedo bombers were part of the aviation.
During the attack on Pearl Harbor, the Lexington was in front of Midway Atoll. After taking part in small battles with Japanese ships and on May 8, 1942 in a fight with the Japanese aircraft carriers "Shokaku" and "Zuikaku", he was hit and sunk.
The largest aircraft carrier during World War II was created by Japanese designers and shipbuilders.
After the victorious raid on Pearl Harbor, the Japanese suffered a number of major setbacks in the Pacific operational area. To regain Japan's superiority in the ocean, the great aircraft carrier Shinano embarked on its first military campaign on November 28, 1944.
His deck delighted contemporaries with its dimensions of 256 by 40 meters. The aircraft carrier was equipped with modern anti-aircraft weapons, artillery pieces and 12 unguided anti-aircraft missiles. The aircraft carrier housed 42 aircraft.
The fate of "Shinano" was tragic. 17 hours after the first trip to sea, the American submarine SS-311 fired 6 torpedoes at the ship. Shinano sank damaged. The destroyers accompanying him rescued 1,080 people from the Shinano crew, 1,435 people were reported missing.
This type of U.S. Navy battleship cannot fully be called an aircraft carrier. All 4 ships built after this project during World War II were built as high speed ships capable of withstanding the enemy surface and submarine fleets.
In August 1943, the Iowa began its combat service in Norwegian waters, where, according to the intelligence service, the German giant Tirpitz was operating. And the American ship was 270 meters long.
In addition to the standard artillery weapons, the Iowa had two catapults for launching seaplanes. A total of 3 aircraft were deployed on the battleship. There were no platforms and a hangar for the aircraft on the ship, two aircraft were constantly in catapults, the third was on the deck between them.
After World War II, Iowa participated in the hostilities in the Korean War. The museum ship has been in the port of Los Angeles since July 2012.
Midway was the first heavy aircraft carrier built by US designers. It was designed in the early 1940s and entered service on September 10, 1945 with no time to participate in the hostilities of World War II.
The Midway was designed on the basis of British developments and was clearly superior to the ships of this class in terms of technical and tactical characteristics. The length of the ship was 295 meters and the width of the launch deck was 41.45 meters. 12 engines and 4 turbines enabled the aircraft carrier, heavy due to armor and weapons, to reach speeds of 33 knots.
Ships of this type have become combat centenarians, having served in the U.S. Navy for more than 40 years. Midway took part in the post-war conflicts in Vietnam and Korea. In 1991 he supported the ground operation of American troops in Iraq in aviation and with missiles. On April 11, 1992, Midway was decommissioned and converted into a museum.
And read about World War II on the website.
Admiral Kuznetsov (Russia)
The aircraft carrier was built at the Nikolaev shipyard during the Soviet era and is now the only ship of its type in the Russian Navy.
The ship's fate was surprisingly linked to the history of the country in which it was designed and built. Construction began on September 1, 1982 under the name "Riga". After the Secretary General's death in November 1982, the ship under construction was renamed Leonid Brezhnev in 1982. In an unfinished state, it was launched in 1985. On August 11, 1987 the aircraft carrier was renamed and its combat tests from 1988-1989 took place under the name "Tbilisi".
The ship had a number of significant defects and malfunctions, which is why it repeatedly returned to the docks. On October 4th, 1990 it was given the current name "Admiral Kuznetsov". In the twenty years of its history up to 2011, the aircraft carrier was either under repair or altered.
"Admiral Kuznetsov" is one of the largest ships of this class. Its length is 302 meters, the greatest width is 71.9 meters. The aircraft carrier has 28 aircraft and 24 helicopters in combat.
The Russian aircraft carrier is inferior to its American counterparts in many ways. From the beginning of the era of aircraft carrier construction in Russia, this idea had no roots. After the military operation in Syria in 2016 - early 2017, "Admiral Kuznetsov" was brought back to the home base. The greatest hopes that a powerful, functional and reliable aircraft carrier will replace Admiral Kuznetsov in the near future. Although such conversations are not observed in military circles.
John F. Kennedy (USA)
"John F. Kennedy" became the last aircraft carrier of the American "Kitty Hawk" project, which began in the 1940s.
This combat ship made its first campaign on September 7, 1968. The length of the aircraft carrier is 320.6 meters, the width at the widest point 76.8 meters. The ship can accommodate up to 80 aircraft on deck.
An unpleasant incident occurred with the aircraft carrier in 1975 when the cruiser was completely burned down as a result of a collision with the cruiser Belknap. And this was not the only case of a collision with other ships. After the combat mission mainly off the coast of Europe, "John F. Kennedy" was withdrawn from the US Navy in 2007 and is now in reserve.
The cinematographers revived the ship by filming it in a scene in the 2012 film where a tsunami with an aircraft carrier hits the White House.
The aircraft carrier, proudly bearing the name of the first US Secretary of Defense, was the first ship of its type designed for jet aircraft.
On October 1, 1955, Forrestal left port for her first ocean passage. At the time, it was a huge ship, 325 meters long and 72.5 meters wide. Up to 90 aircraft units were placed on the decks of the ship and the runway.
Forrestal floating airfield took an active part in supporting the American army's ground operations, but this ship can be called the most unfortunate.
In the fleet he was called "Zippo" because of the frequent fires on the ship. It also happened that a missile launched from a ship caused a fire that lasted 14 hours.
The ship was decommissioned in 1993. One of the companies bought Forrestal for a dime from the US Navy and cut it off for scrap in 2015.
January 15, 2016 at 11:17 pm Pavlofox 11 730
Aircraft carriers are in the world. They inspire with their size and functionality. The deck of such a ship can accommodate several dozen aircraft units, including attack aircraft, fighters, anti-submarine aircraft, helicopters, etc. In addition, all modern offshore structures have a powerful power plant and can sail for several years without refueling.
Currently, only 10 countries in the world have aircraft with ocean-going vessels in their composition. Most of them are in the US Navy.
The TOP-10 includes the largest aircraft carriers in use in the world.
10. Chakri Narubet | 183 meters
“” (Thailand) - Light aircraft carrier unlocks the world's ten largest ships in action. It is also the smallest modern aircraft carrier. The main tasks of the Thai ship are search and rescue operations as well as air support. The ship's poor combat capability is associated with a lack of financial resources and infrequent trips to the sea. The length of "Chakri Narubet" is 183 meters. The ship can accommodate over 600 crew members. Since the aircraft carrier is inactive most of the time, visiting tourists can visit it. In addition, “Chakri Narubet” is known as the largest royal yacht in the world, as the royal family is very often present on excursions to the sea.
9. Cavour | 244 meters
“” (Italy) - the largest aircraft carrier in the Italian Navy. It was named in honor of the Italian statesman Count K. Cavour. It was added to the fleet in 2009. The length of the ship is 244 meters. The deck provided space for 8 AV-8B Harrier aircraft and 12 helicopters. In addition to aircraft, it offers space for over 500 people, 24 tanks or 50 units of heavy combat vehicles.
8. Charles de Gaulle | 261 meters
“” (France) - a large aircraft carrier, part of the French Navy. "Charles de Gaulle" replaced the outdated aircraft carrier of the "Clemenceau" class and is the most combat-ready aircraft carrier in the world after the American "Nimitz" and the Russian "Admiral Kuznetsov". The ship with a length of 261.5 meters is designed for 40 air units and more than 1,500 crew members including the air group. The ship took an active part in military operations around the world, including the Afghan war against the Taliban in the 1990s.
7. Sao Paulo | 265 meters away
"" (Brazil) - the only aircraft carrier of the Brazilian Navy. Until 2000 it belonged to France and to the ship type Clemenceau. His previous name is Foch. The length of the ship is 265 meters. The Sao Paulo can accommodate over 1,500 people, including flight crews, and more than 30 aircraft. While still in the French Navy, the aircraft carrier took part in military operations in Bosnia, the Persian Gulf, Lebanon and other countries.
6. Vikramaditya | 283 meters
"" (India) - a large aircraft carrier in India, part of the Navy. Before that, a heavy aft cruiser belonged to Russia and was appointed "Admiral of the Soviet Union Gorshkov Fleet". The ship was completely modernized and handed over to the Indian Navy. The length of the ship is 283.4 meters. The Vikramaditya can carry up to 40 aircraft and more than 1,500 crew members on its deck.
5. Queen Elizabeth | 284 meters
Aircraft carriers of the "" (England) type are known by the code name CVF. British naval ships are being built to replace Invisible-class aircraft carriers. Two ships are the largest ever built for the Royal Navy. It is planned that one of them will enter service this year and the other will not join the fleet until 2018. The Queen Elizabeth Deck with an area of 13,000 square meters offers space for over 40 aircraft and helicopters. Aircraft can take off and land on the deck at the same time. The crew capacity is 1,500 people, including the air group.The length of the ocean-going ship is 284 meters.
4. Connection | 304 meters
"" (China) is a Chinese aircraft carrier that is the first and only in the PLA Navy. It was built in the USSR and belonged to the aircraft carriers of the "Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union Kuznetsov". In 2012, it was bought by China and reconstructed. The modernized ship is 304.5 meters long. The Liaoning deck can accommodate 40 aircraft and over 2,000 people. The Navy mainly uses the aircraft carrier to train pilots for later use on the ship.
"" (Russia) is the only aircraft cruiser in the Russian Navy. It was named in honor of the Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union N.G. Kuznetsova. Unlike its domestic predecessors, the cruiser can take off and land aircraft. The flight deck area is over 14,000 square meters. A ship's aircraft group can contain up to 30 aircraft and 10 helicopters. The crew is designed for 2,000 people. The length of the aircraft carrier is 305.1 meters.
2. Nimitz | 332 meters
Aircraft carriers of the "" (USA) type are the largest warships in the world and are used in the US Navy. A total of 10 such aircraft carriers were built. They're also the most expensive ocean-going vessels: costing about $ 4.5 billion each. On its deck, "Nimitz" is ready to accommodate up to 90 aircraft and helicopters - this is the indicator of the maximum capacity of the existing maritime transport. In addition, more than 5,000 crew members can be accommodated on board, including the air group. The length of such an offshore structure is 332.8 meters. Aircraft carriers are actively involved in military operations (Yugoslavia, Iraq) and also provide humanitarian aid to countries affected by natural disasters (tsunami in Indonesia - 2004; earthquake in Haiti - 2010). The average lifespan of such a ship is 50 years.
1. Gerald R. Ford | 337 meters away
»(USA) - the largest modern aircraft carrier, under construction since 2009. The colossus is 337 meters long. It was planned that "Gerald Ford" would replace the giant "Enterprise". The latter, however, was shut down in 2012. The new ship is expected to cost 4 billion less than the Enterprise to operate due to the smaller number of crews. The modern aircraft carrier will be able to accommodate around 4660 people. The ship's launch ceremony took place in 2013. The introduction to the US Navy is planned for November this year. The aviation group will consist of more than 75 aircraft, helicopters and “unmanned aerial vehicles” (UAVs).
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