Tachyons violate the special theory of relativity

theory of relativity

From MosaPedia

In the mosaic and its secondary universes there are numerous allusions to those developed by Albert Einstein at the beginning of the 20th century theory of relativity.

[Edit] Einstein's theories

To want to give an overview of the essential statements of the theory of relativity and / or its history would go far beyond the scope of MosaPedia. For the purposes of classification, only a few cornerstones are given here, without claiming to be exhaustive.

[Edit] Starting point

While the one based on Newton's principles mechanics At the end of the 19th century it was considered largely completed Electrodynamics and optics new problems. The measurement data from refined experiments on the propagation of light were similar to that established at the time, going back to Hooke and Huygens Ether theory less and less to reconcile. Corrections introduced in the formulas such as Length contraction and apparent time were able to partially reproduce the measurement results correctly, but these could not be easily explained.

[Edit] Special theory of relativity

With his work, which was published in 1905 and was relatively modest in size On the electrodynamics of moving bodies Albert Einstein succeeded in resolving these contradictions. In doing so, he took up the preparatory work of his colleagues, but courageously threw the previous ideas of space and time overboard. The basic principle that remained was the (measured) constancy of the speed of light, the idea of ​​the etheric medium became superfluous. The from Hermann Minkowski elaborated formalism of the four-dimensional spacetime enabled a clear presentation of the new theory and helped it to gain broader acceptance from 1909 onwards.

The generally understandable, well-known and frequently quoted (or satirized) statements of the special theory of relativity belong

  • the realization that the speed of light is the highest possible speed in the universe, and
  • the ones with the handy formula E = mc² described equivalence of mass and energy.

To the historical classification it should be added that the name "Theory of Relativity" was coined only after 1905 in the course of scientific discussions; the addition "special" to the original theory was first used by Einstein in 1915.

[Edit] General relativity

In the following years Einstein worked on a generalization of his theory, which should also include the effect of gravity. The methods of Differential geometry based Field equations on the relativistic description of gravity were first presented in a lecture at the end of 1915 and in the article published in March 1916 The basis of general relativity described in detail.

The contents of the general theory of relativity are not readily available to everyone. Nevertheless, some theoretical terms have jumped over the fence of the physical institutes into freedom and have inspired authors and draftsmen alike to all sorts of adventures. Belong here

  • the curvature of space (actually the curvature of the Spacetime through energy and momentum of matter), as well as
  • the prediction of Schwarzer holes, gravitational waves, wormholes etc. derived from the solution of the field equations

[Edit] Other modern theories

Next to the theory of relativity is the quantum physicsthe another great physical theory developed in the 20th century (which should not be confused with the former).

In some areas of the Quantum mechanics and the Quantum field theory finds the relevant at high speeds specific Theory of relativity taking into account. However, it has not yet succeeded general To unite relativity theory (as a description of gravity) with quantum physics (for the other forces) to form a closed theory. Possible approaches for this include the String theory and the Loop quantum gravity examined.

[Edit] Mention of the theory of relativity

Einstein's theories are mentioned in various places in the mosaic. It is hardly surprising that Brabax always appears as the speaker.

[Edit] Mosaic from 1976

354
In his hiding place in a duffel bag on the crew deck of La Champagne, Brabax ponders the special theory of relativity, which was not yet formulated at the time (end of the 19th century). Their statements, however, contradict his current perception: "The experience in this sack teaches me, however, that time almost stands still ... This theory of relativity is probably a mistake after all."
384
Albert Einstein is alluded to several times in a dispute at the Zum tanzenden Eber inn:
Johanna brings her own worldview with the words "Coincidence? God doesn't roll the dice. (...)" to the point.
To which Brabax answers somewhat cryptically: "After all, a philosopher's stone is relatively special. At least in theory."
428
In the garden of the orphanage of Lady Evergreen, a little "Einstein" sticks out his tongue after hearing the famous formula E = mc² wrote on a blackboard to describe the mass-energy equivalence (illustration on p. 17).

[Edit] Minor universes, fan comics

  • In one-pager One-pager SI 185 - Quantum Physics, Brabax explains to the amazed Califax the curvature of space (actually: the curvature of four-dimensional space-time), which, according to the general theory of relativity, is caused by the presence of matter.
  • In the one-pager SI 324 - Tactical retreat from a spaceship at the end of the world, the Abrafaxe observe how space disintegrates. Brabax explains that matter dissolves and pure energy remains - referring to the relativistic equivalence of mass and energy.
  • In Onepager SI 383 - Relative Theory Understanding, Califax reports that Brabax recently explained the general theory of relativity to him in such a way that he would have understood everything. He just can't remember the details ...
  • In the fan comic Clasp-Mania, the Abrafaxe and their spaceship are drawn into a black hole. (Up to this point "clean" in the sense of the theory of relativity: the existence of black holes was predicted by the general RT. The action that follows is problematic from a physical point of view, see below.)

[Edit] Comic book plot in conflict with theory

The laws of physics, and thus also those of the theory of relativity, only apply to a limited extent in comic universes. Therefore, adventures are possible here that would undoubtedly have raised some frowns with Albert Einstein.

[Edit] Mosaic

So far there is in the mosaic no explicit indication of a violation of the principles of Einstein's theory of relativity. This clearly distinguishes the mosaic from other comic genres in which faster than light speeds and similar phenomena are part of the plot. (The frequently occurring time jumps do not really fit into the picture of modern physics. However, the time jumps are only accepted as inexplicable phenomena by all those involved, including the Abrafaxe, and no attempt is made to explain or classify the underlying mechanisms.)

[Edit] Minor universes

In the secondary universes and fan comics, the situation is different. There are numerous episodes, especially in the one-pagers, that can be assigned to science fiction: Inspired by templates such as the Star Trek universe, journeys at faster than light speeds, anti-gravity fields and drives based on them, etc. are part of everyday life. The majority of these non-relativistic one-pagers are assigned to the spacesurfer universe.

[Edit] Travel at the speed of light, or faster

[Edit] Black holes

  • In the fan comic Clasp-Mania, the Abrafaxe disappear into a black hole with their spaceship. But the story did not end there: the spaceship equipped with a warp drive emerges from it later.

[Edit] Tachyons

Tachyons In physics, they are (hypothetical) particles that always move faster than light. They result as one of the possible mathematical solutions from the equations of special theory of relativity. Their existence is, however, controversial and would possibly pose new challenges for physics, but tachyons have not yet been detected. - In the science fiction environment, the attribute is subject to Tachyon an inflation in which the original physical sense is increasingly lost. - See the article on the Tachyon Cannon for more details.

  • A tachyon cannon is used in the one-pager one-pager SI 314 - persuasion and one-pager SI 319 - journey to the moon. First, the earth is to be destroyed with their help, and finally the (Brabax so-called) Transmitter effect for matter exploited to bring Abrax and Califax to the moon. - It is questionable whether (physical) tachyons would be suitable for building a cannon for the stated purpose. It is not certain whether the meaning of the faster than light speed was actually intended when the cannon was named.

[Edit] Antigravity

[Edit] Spacetime anomalies

  • In the one-pager Einstein's sandwich, the Abrafaxe get caught up in a time anomaly of the same name. Here two levels of reality intersect, which means that the Abrafaxe are duplicated.
  • In the one-pager BK 1000, along with other unbelievable stories, a space-time anomaly is used as an excuse that Abrax has still not brought out the trash can.

[Edit] External links