Christianity advocates racism

Christians in Democracy

Thomas Schirrmacher

To person

Dr. theol., Dr. phil., born 1960; Professor of Sociology of Religion at the State University of Oradea / Romania; Lecturer in Ethics, Martin Bucer Seminar, Bonn; Director of the International Institute for Religious Freedom of the World Evangelical Alliance, Bonn / Cape Town / Colombo, Friedrichstrasse 38, 53111 Bonn.
Email: [email protected]

Despite the ambivalences of the relationship between Christianity and democracy, there are reasons why convinced Christians and minority churches in particular have promoted and stabilized secular democracy.

introduction

In the middle of the 17th century, demands for freedom of religion, conscience, freedom of the press and universal male suffrage arose for the first time in the radical Protestant wing in England. Michael Farris has presented an extensive study of the early sources of religious freedom in the United States, including countless sermons and tracts. [1] After Sebastian Castellio, who, as a former Calvin student in 1554, advocated still rudimentary religious freedom against Johannes Calvin - which continued to provide for the punishment of the "godless" - the first known treatise that postulated complete religious freedom came from the English Baptist Leonard Busher from 1614. [2]




The idea spread among Baptists and other dissenters in England, the Netherlands, and then the United States. It was the Baptist and spiritualist Roger Williams (1604 - 1685), co-founder of the first American Baptist church with a congregational structure, who in 1644 demanded complete freedom of religion [3] and in 1647 in later Rhode Island the first constitution with the separation of church and state and with the Assurance of religious freedom - also for Jews and atheists - established, although he was a friend of the Christian mission. Slavery was abolished there as early as 1652: "Not although, but because he was deeply religious, Williams demanded a separation of politics and religion." [4] The same applies to William Penns (1644-1718) later "holy experiment" Pennsylvania.