How was the life of Thomas Aquinass

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biography

1225

Thomas was born in Sicily as the son of Count Landolf von Aquino.


1230

The educational path begins early in the famous Benedictine monastery on Monte Cassino.


1239

Thomas starts studying at the University of Naples.


1244

He enters the Dominican order.


1248

Thomas follows his teacher Albertus Magnus to Cologne and studies there with him for several years.


1257

He received his doctorate in Paris and began to give lectures there himself. From the beginning Thomas had a strong interest in Aristotle, whose main works he commented on. It is about an appropriation of the rational thinking of antiquity, shaped by the Christian spirit.


1261

Thomas Aquinas teaches in Rome and other Italian places, and his fame also leads him to the court of two popes.

Thomas is the author of more than 80 writings, above all the "Summa theologica" (doctrinal term of theology) and the "Summa contra gentiles" (doctrinal term against the Gentiles), but also the writings "De ente et essentia" (About Being and the essence), "Quaestiones disputatae: De veritate" (investigations into the truth), "De malo" (on evil), "De anima" (the soul). The basic idea always remains the identification of God with the one being.


1269

Due to philosophical controversy, she returned to Paris for a while.


1272

Thomas becomes head of the general study of his order in Naples.


1274

7th March: On his way to the Council of Lyon, Thomas dies in Fossanova.


1323

Thomas Aquinas is canonized. He is not only a theologian, but also the most important philosopher of the Middle Ages. His honorary titles were "Doctor communis" and "Doctor angelicus".


Reading instructions

J. Pieper, Thomas Aquinas. Life and Work, Munich 1986 (3rd edition).

O. H. Pesch, Thomas Aquinas. Limits and Size of Medieval Theology, Mainz 1988.

M. - D. Chenu, Thomas von Aquin (a. D. Frz.), Reinbek b. Hamburg 1960 etc.