What are the different ways to learn

Learner types

What are learner types?

The term learner types denotes different ways of learning. It is mainly about the way in which learning content is received. Basically, information is recorded via different channels of perception, e.g. seeing, hearing or touching. In terms of learner types, it is assumed that different people can absorb and process information differently in specific ways. There are divergent classifications and descriptions of individual types of learners. The types are always dominant tendencies, not selective categories.

What types of learner are there?

There are different descriptions of learner types. The type theory by Frederic Vester from the 1970s is very well known. It describes a visual, auditory, haptic and an intellectual learner type. In addition, there are other types of learners that are used frequently. Here we present the most common:

Visual learner type
The visual learner learns best through sight. Reading, looking at and observing are the best ways for him to absorb information and content. Pictorial representations, charts, visualizations and graphically structured learning material support his learning process.

Auditory learner
Hearing is the preferred channel of perception for the auditory learner. Everything that he perceives acoustically he can process particularly well. Lectures, oral explanations, reading aloud and verbalizing help him learn.

Haptic learner type
The haptic learner learns particularly well through touch and practical action. His learning success is greatest when he can grasp content with his hands and be active himself. Movement also helps him learn.

Communicative learner
This type of learner learns best through communication and exchange with others. Explanations, questions, your own lectures and discussions achieve the best learning results with him.

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What is the meaning of learner types?


There is no scientific evidence for the learner types. This means that it has not been empirically proven that learning that is adapted to the respective learner type achieves better results.

Basically, the typology only focuses on the way in which information is presented and received and thereby emphasizes dominant patterns. However, learning is a complex process that involves a great deal more than the acquisition and storage of information. In particular, understanding in the sense of a subjective assessment of importance compared to the learning object is decisive for a more in-depth learning performance. It is also important that the learning material is integrated into existing knowledge, i.e. that links are made to content that has already been learned.

In this respect, the learner typology is not a learning psychological concept either, and there is no empirical evidence for the effectiveness of the learner types. Even so, the use of the learner types is quite popular. So many tests can be found to identify the individual learner type and the advisory literature also likes to fall back on the learner types in different variations.

What to do? tutoria advises:

Even if there is no psychological anchoring of the different types of learners, they do give an indication of the individuality of learning and the ability to shape the learning process. They can be understood as a stimulus to get to know and try out learning strategies based on different perceptual focuses. In the tutoria guide, for example, there are numerous practical learning tips for different occasions. Mind mapping, for example, is a good method of visualization. There are also suitable learning strategies for long-term memorization of content. Vocabulary, for example, can be learned in a fun and effective way, tips can be found here. Through knowledge and practical experimentation, the learner can find out his personal preferences and preferences. The choice of methods naturally also depends on the respective subject, topic and level of requirements.

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