Astronomers have obtained the first image of the perturbed gas clouds in the galaxy, the light from which came to us 11 billion years, in high resolution. The outrage was caused by a powerful young jets emanating from the Central black hole, described in a paper in the journal Astrophysical Journal Letters.
Black holes located in the centers of galaxies are usually surrounded by accretion disc, consisting of heated to very high temperatures of gas and dust. In the interaction of the substance with the local magnetic field can form jets escaping from opposite sides of a plasma jet which is directed along the axis of rotation of the accretion disk. The matter in the jets moves with extremely high speed, which can sometimes approach the speed of light, and can affect galactic gas clouds, blowing them and suppressing star formation. This process plays an important role in the evolution of galaxies, but to catch it is quite difficult, especially in the early Universe.
To learn more about it, a group of Japanese astronomers, under the leadership Kaiki Taro Inoue (Kaiki Taro Inoue) from the University Kindai (Kindai University) conducted observations of the quasar MG J0414+0534 at redshift z = 2,6, which glows brightly in radio range. This object is interesting because between him and the Land is another galaxy that works as gravitational lens, distorting and amplifying the radiation of MG J0414+0534. In the center of a quasar located a supermassive black hole, from which emanate multi-directional jets of a length of about one parsec every.