Archaeologists in field experiments have established the origin of the 14 types of dents and nicks that are characteristic of swords of the Bronze age. The warriors of this age, apparently, avoid sharp blows that could damage the soft blades, and mainly used the technique of crossing swords. Towards the end of the Bronze age markings become more closely grouped along the length of the blades is a martial art developed, and swordsmen learned to strike all accurate. A study published in the journal Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory.
Experimental archeology — the science that allows, for example, to understand the scope and characteristics of archaeological finds. Researchers are trying to use found objects as they were used originally. Including experimental archaeology can tell us about how the warriors of the Bronze age wielded his bronze sword. Scientists create copies of ancient weapons and trying to repeat the movements of primitive swordsmen.
Another approach to the study arms — the analysis of wear metals. Soft bronze remains many traces, scratches and chipping; it is possible to recover the how to use a gun. Theory is tested in practice, to do this we again resort to experimental archaeology and try to create modern replicas of ancient swords are the same marks as on the originals.
In the framework of the project for the study of weapons of the Bronze age (Bronze Age Combat Project) a group of archaeologists from Britain, Germany and China under the guidance of Rafael Herman (Raphael Hermann) of Gottingen University, has researched the swords of the Bronze age. Smith Neil Burridge (Neil Burridge), which specializiruetsya on the manufacture of weapons of bronze, produced copies of seven of the swords found in Britain and Italy and dated 925-1300 years BC. The composition of the alloy, the microstructure and microproject replicas examined the original.
Experienced fencers struck various swords, spearheads and shafts of copies, wood, leather and bronze shields. Every blow and parry were recorded on video, the markings on the swords photographed. Weapons used in accordance with the guidance on fencing of the 15th century authored by Andre Liegnitzer. Then mark that appeared with swords in the attacks, compared with traces of wear on 110 swords of the Bronze age from Museum collections in the UK and Italy.