Astronomers have published the first complete geological map of the moon

Scientists from the U.S. Geological survey in cooperation with NASA and the Lunar and planetary Institute has created the first comprehensive geological map of the entire surface of the moon in scale 1:5 000 000, which is a record level of detail. For this purpose they used the data obtained during the manned Apollo orbital and automatic stations, reported on the website of the U.S. Geological survey (USGS).

The moon is nearest to us a heavenly body, to which you can send automatic research stations and manned expeditions. Study of Earth’s natural satellite can give information about the processes evolution of the Earth and the moon, which can be used in the study of earth-like exoplanets and to search for and develop valuable mineral resources on the moon and creating the manned base or the astronomical Observatory.

In addition, the still ongoing debate on the problem of the origin of the moon. Now widely recognized as a model of the shock formation of the moon from the debris resulting from the collision of proto-Earth with another planet (called Theia a), which is confirmation. However, there are other versions, such as the model Galimova Kryvtsov or gravitational capture of an already formed moon with Earth in the past.

Scientists from the U.S. Geological survey in cooperation with NASA and the Lunar and planetary Institute (LPI) developed the first comprehensive geological map of the entire surface of the moon in scale 1:5 000 000. Astronomers used six maps of separate regions of the moon, created on the basis of data obtained during the program “Apollo”, as well as data automatic lunar research stations. Information about the topography of the lunar surface was derived from data collected using lidar Orbiter LRO, and images obtained by the Japanese automatic station “Kaguya”. In addition, we developed a unified description of the stratigraphy of the moon, to avoid any ambiguity in age or type of rock, as it was previously. A full description of the symbols in different geological areas on the map accessible for everyone.

Scientists believe that due to the map NASA will be able to choose sites for landing humans on future manned lunar programs and the international scientific community will be able to use the card to study the Geology of the moon and student learning.

Find out whether you will be able to distinguish the moon from Mars, and Ceres from the Saturn — complete our quizdedicated to the anniversary of the first ever lunar maps.

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