Spanish scientists have found that at the age of little more than a year children understand that people who speak different languages can still communicate with each other. However, this is true only for bilingual children: child monolingue recognize in language a means of communication, but only if people communicate in the same foreign language. A study published in the journal Cognition.
Despite the fact that the first words children learn by the end of the first year of life, the understanding that language is a means of communication with their defined rules, you receive them much earlier: for example, already during the first days after birth infants are able to distinguish in the speech of individual words. Interestingly, it concerns not only the native language of the child: for example, in the year of age infants when they hear a foreign language, understandthat her goal is also communication. It is unclear, however, whether this understanding for interlanguage communication.
Figure it out decided Marc Colomer (Colomer Marc) and Nuria Sebastian Galles (Núria Sebastián Gallés) from the University of Barcelona Pompeu Fabra. To do this, they conducted two experiments involving 96 infants little more than a year (or rather, from 13 to 15 months), half of which were monolingual (the native language of both parents — Spanish), and the other half are bilingual (my parents were native speakers of either Spanish and Catalan, or Spanish and French).
During the first experiment, each infant was shown a video involving two women. First, each of them were presented: the first lady spoke on children unfamiliar language (Hungarian) and the other in their native language, Spanish. After that the first woman stood behind the screen facing the table, upon which stood two objects (a red cone and a green bottle), one of which the woman was picked up and held for a few seconds. Then the first woman gave way to second and took each piece in hand at a time.
Finally, in the final frames of the first woman standing behind the screen so that you can see only her face, asked for second sitting at the table, to the object she was holding in the beginning, again at the unknown by infants language. After that, the second woman raised a particular item — is either necessary or not. The second experiment took place in the same way: the only difference was that the second woman also spoke in a foreign language that the babies were unknown.