Forest deforestation in Europe increased on average by 43 per cent in 2016-2018 compared to the period 2004-2015. According to the authors of an article published in Nature, this jump can be associated with the advent of increased interest from Northern European countries to move from the petrochemical industry to create materials out of wood. It is likely that this trend will lead to the disruption of the balance between the speed of natural recovery of forests and their rate information, which can reduce the effectiveness of measures to mitigate the effects of global climate change in the region.
In the last decades in Europe is actively developing the Bioeconomy, and Professor of economic faculty of Moscow state University Sergey Bobylev considers it to be promising as a new paradigm of economic development of our country. One of the main conditions of the implementation of the Bioeconomy — switch from plastic production from petroleum products due to the creation of an increasing number of wood materials that, unlike oil, is a renewable resource. At the moment it remains an open question of how the Bioeconomy will affect European forests in the long term and outweigh the benefits of implementation possible risks to the environment.
Scientists led by Guido Ceccherini (Guido Ceccherini) conducted an ecological-economic assessment of forest cover in 26 EU countries (including UK, but not considering Cyprus and Malta) using the GFCcard on the Google Earth Engine platform for the years 2004-2018. They focused on losses of forests due to deforestation, not including in the analysis the effects of wildfires and hurricanes, to assess the possible impact of the growing interest in Bioeconomy on the state of natural reserves.