The British, who have dogs, were more active the rest of their fellow citizens: the presence of the animal four times increased the likelihood that his host or hostess adhere to medical recommendations for physical activity, write the authors of an article in the journal Scientific Reports.
The British doctors and doctors in many other countries recommend that adults spend on average physical activity (brisk walking or vacuuming) or high (Jogging or sports games) intensity for at least 150 minutes a week. As noted in the article, in the United States this recommendation is followed less than 50 percent of the population, and in the UK — 66 percent of men and 58 percent women. The world health organization believesthat one in four people in the world are not sufficiently physically active, and in our country who counted 20 million sedentary adults. Then Minister of sport Pavel Kolobkov last year statedthat physical education in the country are engaged in 36.6 per cent of the population aged 3 to 79 years.
The positive influence of dogs on physical and emotional health of people being studied quite actively: for example, it is known that contact with them in childhood reduces the risk of allergies to pet dander and pollen. Canadian scientists also foundthat a half hour of group communication that dogs reduce stress in students and increase their vigor and mood. Walking the dogs is useful for the elderly, and the joint exercise help to lose weight and master and dog.
Carrie Westgarth (Carri Westgarth) from Liverpool University and her colleagues decided to find out first, does the presence of a dog in the house for all its inhabitants, and secondly, how to relate the care of the dog and walk with her with physical activity in General (whether they displace other types of activity or complement). To do this, they assessed physical activity in 385 families in West Cheshire. In total, the study involved 191 owner of the dogs, 455 people without dogs and 46 children. All of them were interviewed about their physical activity level, and 28 subjects were tested the accuracy of these data using accelerometers. Dog owners, among other things, better assess the state of his health.
It turned out that people with dogs go for longer walks and generally spend much more time walking (OR = 14,35, that is, the probability of walking for samokovlija 14 times higher than for people without dogs). The median duration of walks with the dog were 248 minutes a week. While walking the dog complement other types of physical activity, which the presence or absence of the animal is not affected. The dog increased the likelihood that the adult observes the rate of 150 minutes of physical activity four times, and 64 percent of dog owners spent with them walking more than 150 minutes a week. Children with dogs also walked longer than their peers without dogs.
The authors note that their results differ from previous studies, including made in the USA: for example, only 27 percent of Americans are walking with their dogs more than 150 minutes a week (among them 48 percent of dog owners versus 24 percent in the UK). Perhaps this is because Americans often let dogs on the independent range, the authors suggest.
Scientists also emphasize that the design of their study does not allow us to assert that the appearance of the dog in the house makes people more active (possibly more active for other reasons people often give birth to dogs), but a certain amount of such data available. Finally, they advise not to take home or to give someone a dog only in order to be more active — here they propose to consider the welfare of animals.
If you need the arguments in favor of physical activity, even an hour of exercise a week reduces the risk of symptoms of clinical depression by 12 percent. A daily one-hour physical exercise of moderate intensity negate the increased mortality risk associated with inactivity. In addition, physical education is considered the main method of prevention of recurrence of breast cancer. And a leisurely walk for 20-30 minutes in the fresh air helps to reduce the levels of two known biomarkers of stress — cortisol and alpha-amylase.