Canadian researchers found that prolonged daily listening to “Sonata for two pianos in d major No. 448” Mozart associated with a reduction in seizures in patients with epilepsy for about 35 percent. The same was observed in case patients (the study involved 13 people) listened to the same Sonata, but changed so that it no longer had a distinctive rhythm. Article published in the journal Epilepsia Open.
Like any stimulation, listening to music leads to certain changes in brain activity: it is thanks to them a person can distinguish, for example, the melodies of different genres. Only the perception of listening to music for the brain, of course, is not limited, and studies have repeatedly shown that certain music can be a therapeutic effect, for example, recently scientists have found that listening to a few classical works can improve the memorization of information.
Changes of cognitive functions musical stimulation, however, is also not limited. One of the most curious effects of listening to classical music, “the Mozart effect”, for example, shows that listening to “Sonata for two pianos in d major No. 448” may also reduce the number of epileptic seizures. The validity of this effect has also been shown, however, the limitation of all the studies is that the reference conditions for the same patients they rarely use music, preferring her absence at all. Such an experimental design does not allow to understand whether the therapeutic effect in epilepsy it was the Mozart Sonata and the features of its structure and execution.
Raffia Marjan (Marjan Rafiee) from the canadian Institute of brain research, Crumble and her colleagues conducted a randomized study involving 13 patients with epilepsy. The study took place in two stages, and the order of conditions was chosen accidentally: in the first the participants had daily for two months to hear the first six minutes of “Sonata for two pianos in d major No. 448” performed by Alicia de Laroche and Andre Previn, and the second — the same Sonata, but spectral is changed so that it no longer had rhythm.
During the study the participants had to note the number of attacks. Scientists have found that regardless of the order in which the participants went through the stages of the experiment, the period of daily listening to the original Sonata, the number of attacks significantly (p < 0.001) decreased compared to the control condition — an average of 35 percent. Interestingly, in one patient two months of listening to Mozart had any seizures at all. At the end of the experiment participants, however, the number of attacks rose by approximately 20 percent.
Overall, the results once again show the advantage of listening to Mozart and neurological diseases. Of course, that does not mean that it will be put into clinical practice, and this does not point to the absolute efficiency that requires further and more extensive research.
Interestingly, certain therapeutic effect of music is observed not only in humans but in cats: however, they to reduce stress need special cat music, but the classic human already does not work.