To the fact that even the little things of the material culture of the past can have cognitive value, the world has come far not at once. The craze for antiquities in Europe, became especially popular during the Renaissance. Antique dealers (the term taken from Roman life) in XIV-XV centuries sistematizirovat the accumulated knowledge of the past, and are looking for catalogs of ancient written sources, translate them into European languages, compare old and new information about the different areas of your life, collecting coins, pictures and books. Humanists, in addition to the literary monuments of antiquity, show interest in others footsteps disappeared in the centuries of civilizations: for example, Petrarch traveled through Europe in the retinue of the papal cardinal, studying the people, culture, architecture, copied ancient texts, collected coins. Even the head of the Holy see — the Popes — have had a deep interest in antiquities. Vatican museums founded by Pope Julius II in the early sixteenth century and is now the largest in the world.