Men in New Zealand are 2.5 times more likely to become active cyclists than women, and overcome on bicycles distance by 12-17 percent more. However, the results of a study published in the Journal of Transport & Health, indicate that the estimated transport carbon footprint of women is still lower than among men: they are more likely to walk and use public transport. According to the authors, a considerable role is played by family — parenting and other family obligations prevent women to actively use the bike.
Frequent use of a bike improves health and reduces his carbon footprint, so States have an interest in the widest dissemination of this mode of transport. New Zealand (and) refers to the countries where the popularity of the bikes is inferior to the use of personal vehicles. Previously, sociologists have notedthat in such countries there is gender inequality in the transport habits of men in them are more likely to be active cyclists. The study of the causes of such inequalities is an important step to the overall reduction in transport greenhouse gas emissions.
Scientists led by Caroline Shaw (Caroline Shaw) from the University of Otago in Wellington explored gender differences in the transport habits of the residents of New Zealand. During the 12 years from 2003 to 2014, they conducted a survey of cyclists and fixed rates related to their income, family status, characteristics of work and leisure, as well as using different types of transport. The final sample included 49965 adult New Zealanders — 26424 23541 women and men.
It turned out that among men a greater percentage of active cyclists — that is, people that use this vehicle at least 10 days each month — five percent versus two percent in women. Men travelled by Bicycle distance by 12-17 percent more than women. However, the study authors noted that the carbon footprint of the residents of this country promises to be much lower: for women often walked and used public transport. For example, they are on average 1.5 times more often visited shops for family shopping (even in cases when they were better educated, more time is given to work and earned more than their spouses). And men made purchases for the house less often, but more often used for this purpose by private transport.