Us company Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corporation has begun to develop a system of monitoring the physiological state of pilots during flight. As writes Janes, the development is conducted under contract by the U.S. air force. Under the agreement, the company must design, create and test a prototype system to 21 November 2023.
In flight, the body of the pilot periodically experiences a variety of stressful conditions, including overload, changes in atmospheric pressure and composition of the breathing mixture. These conditions can lead to dramatic change in the status of the pilot, which can result in his death and the loss of the aircraft.
The most common conditions faced by pilots of fighter — brief loss of consciousness due to congestion and hypoxia. In particular, in 2010 in Alaska crashed fighter F-22 Raptor, the pilot lost consciousness due to hypoxia.
The US air force did not disclose the statistics of cases of fainting pilots during flights. The last time these data were published in 1992. According to them, from 1982 to 1990 in the US air force was recorded 18 cases of loss of consciousness by pilots, 14 of which ended with the fall of the aircraft.
Monitoring system, the development of which is engaged in Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corporation, will be responsible for the registration of various abnormalities in the body of the pilot, including hypoxia (lack of oxygen in the blood), hypocapnia (lack of carbon dioxide in the blood), and hypercapnia (excess carbon dioxide in the blood) and disorientation.
According to the results of the development program of the U.S. air force expect to receive a monitoring system that can be installed on any type of combat aircraft. The system development is planned to spend about $ 12.6 million.
In 2018, a Spanish company, Indra, together with iAltitude engaged in the development of specialized flight simulator for the air force of Spain. This simulator can create conditions under which the pilots will temporarily develop the symptoms of hypoxia, oxygen starvation.
Thanks to this device the military will be able to train pilots to correctly interpret individual symptoms of hypoxia and to decrease her symptoms.