Researchers from Cambridge University on the basis of almost 642 thousand people found that transgender people and people with nibinamik gender autism is related to autistic traits and other mental disorders are more common than cisgendered people. The causes and mechanisms of this relationship remain unclear, but the authors of the work published in the journal Nature Communications, are encouraged to facilitate access to mental health care and build support for transgender people.
Not always biological gender, which is determined by anatomical, physiological and genetic grounds, coincides with the sense of self. In this case we say that gender is not the same as the floor, and such people are called transgender — their number is approximately 0,4-1,3 % of the population. Gender identity of a person can not fit into a binary system (the division into male and female gender) — there are peoplewho consider themselves to be different genders simultaneously or alternately or do not associate themselves with any gender.
Often the discrepancy between gender identity and biological sex causes discomfort and becomes the cause of personality disorders — gender dysphoria. In addition, a number of studies involving people with gender dysphoria have found that in these groups more often than cisgendered people meet autism spectrum disorders and other mental disorders. However, the conclusions of these works are based on small samples, the studies used different methods for the determination of transgender and autistic symptoms and analyzing people of different ages and nationalities — and thus, no generalization of them directly cannot be withdrawn.
Psychologists and psychiatrists from the University of Cambridge under the leadership Barrier Varuna (Varun Warrier) and Simon Baron-Cohen (Simon Baron-Cohen) analysed five sets of data based on online surveys with a total sample of almost 642 thousand people, and answered the question of whether transgender people and people with gender nibinamik autism spectrum disorders, autistic symptoms and other mental disorders are more common than cisgendered people.
In all five datasets, transgender people and people with nibinamik gender autism is diagnosed much more often than cisgendered women, men and cisgendered people in General (odds ratio of 3.03 was to 6.36). Four of the five datasets, the correlation remained after controlling for age and education (in the fifth effect was statistically insignificant). Conversely, in those same four sets, the percentage of transgender people and people with nibinamik gender was higher among those who have been diagnosed with autism (p < 2 × 10-16).