American company IBM has embarked on the installation of the system AI Captain on the research vessel “Plymouth quest”, owned by British Plymouth marine laboratory. About N + 1 was told by the Director of technology project Mayflower Autonomous Ship don Scott. According to him, the tests of some components of the system that is developed to control Autonomous Autonomous tri-Mayflower Ship (MAS), has already begun. In the near future, the developers plan to start testing the AI Captain of the sea.
It is believed that the creation of Autonomous vessels of different classes will allow companies to increase the volumes of sea traffic, and make themselves transport safer, cleaner and faster. The creation of control systems of Autonomous courts requires the solution of many complex tasks, including the recognition and identification of objects at sea, compliance with international shipping regulations, as well as restoring the health of the onboard systems after a crash or failure.
As told to N +1 CTO direction Edge Computing IBM’s Rob high, failback is the biggest problem in the way of the establishment of the Autonomous vessel. According to him, an Autonomous ship should be able to adapt to the changing conditions of the open sea, as well as self-assess and analyze their own technical capabilities within the executing task. To achieve this goal, the computing power on Board and reliable system of predicting failure.
Development of AI for Autonomous Captain of the trimaran MAS conducted over the past few years. The system is based on a computing platform of IBM Power AC922 and is equipped with many sensors, including cameras, radar, transceiver automatic identification system and radio communication equipment for information exchange, including voice communications with other ships.
AI Captain is able to detect and classify ships, buoys, marine debris and land areas. Creating and training machine learning models IBM operates in conjunction with the British research organisation Promare for the past two years. Training was conducted on the basis of more than one million images made by Promare in the Bay of Plymouth Sound in the UK. The system is also trained to operate within the framework of the International regulations for preventing collisions at sea (COLREG) and the International Convention for the safety of life at sea (SOLAS).
According to Scott, Captain AI system is able to recognize messages from other ships and when you receive a distress signal on the sea route it to a shore base. While the ship itself to help the sea can not.
During large-scale testing AI Captain on Board the research vessel “Plymouth quest” will be verified by performance of trained algorithms. System will receive data from radar, automatic identification system, GPS and navigation systems “Plymouth quest”, to assess the situation around the vessel and to advise about its management, depending on the situation. The team of the research vessel will be able to accept or reject these recommendations. Thus the AI training Captain will continue at sea.
In June 2020, the developers plan to install AI Captain on the tri-MAS. Is being built in Gdansk in Poland. Length promising Autonomous vessel is 15 meters, and its weight is 5 tons. MAS will be able to reach the speed of 20 knots (37 kilometers per hour). To move the trimaran will be exclusively using the energy of wind and sun. While on the ship, installed a backup diesel propulsion system.
Sea trials with the MAS installed by AI Captain is scheduled to begin this summer, and in September, the trimaran will have to make a completely Autonomous transatlantic crossing on the route of the merchant ship “the Mayflower”.
According to Scott, despite the development of a pandemic COVID-2019, to change the schedule of tests Captain AI and MAS, as well as the output of the trimaran for the route the Mayflower is not planned yet.
On a merchant ship “Mayflower” the English in 1620, coming from the English Plymouth, crossed the Atlantic, rounded the Cape Code and moored to Plymouth rock. The crew of the ship was about 30 people. The voyage lasted from 16 September to 21 November; during this time the vessel had two children. It is believed that after the founding of the Plymouth colony in America, the ship in 1623 was dismantled for the wood. In 1957 was built full-scale replica Mayflower moored in Plymouth Bay as a Museum exhibit.
In January of this year, the Agency defense advanced research (DARPA) of the U.S. Department of defense has launched a project to develop a new surface robot NOMARS (No Manning Required Ship’s staff is not needed, ship). According to the requirement of the project, the robot must be created without any space for people. The project NOMARS surface the robot will be designed completely from scratch, and the design will be carried out with a focus on the complete lack of any space for crew.