Archaeologists have found evidence that in the area of modern Northern Kazakhstan horses were domesticated early in the second Millennium BC. Novoilyinsky found in the mounds are the remains of animals suggests that they were used for riding and were killed by the ritual. The discovery indicates that the development of horse riding in the region older than expected, because previously there was credible evidence of its use until the X century BC. Article published in the journal of Archaeological Science: Reports.
The domestication of horses is one of the key events in the history of the Old world, as mankind became more mobile. Horse runners are allowed to manage a large territory from a single centre, and the presence of the troops of cavalry gave a decisive advantage over the purely pedestrian armies.
In addition, in the area of vast plains, such as on the territory of modern Ukraine, southwest and Kazakhstan, the value of the horses was even higher, because to overcome a huge empty space on foot was almost impossible. The further mass breeding of horses has created a nomadic culture that shaped the whole image of this historic region. So historians, anthropologists and archaeologists interested to find out the exact time of domestication of horses and the nuances of this process.
Igor Czechoslov from South Ural state University and his colleagues from and Kazakhstan analyzed the contents of the fifth Novoilinskogo Kurgan burials, located in Kostanay region. Now the studied mound is 18 feet in diameter and two meters in height, although the base was much higher. There are two separate graves with human remains, and around them — a ritual pit, the subject of Petrine culture, as well as two horse’s skeleton lying on each other. Radiocarbon analysis showed that the burial was done in about 1900-1700 years BC, in the Bronze age.