Antique terracotta head found in 2017 on the bottom of the Kerch Bay, in ancient times was painted. Archaeologists and physicists have found in sculpture the traces of the dyes and found that the lips of the statue were painted red, and her hair covered with a dark paint made of mineral components on the basis of the resin of coniferous trees. The message on results of work of researchers is published on the website of the Institute of archaeology RAS.
Antique sculptures that we’re used to seeing milky white, in ancient times it was painted. First guess this was expressed in the XVIII century. However, the point in this question put at the end of 2003 the exhibition “Bunte Götter” (gods Motley), held in the Munich Glyptothek. The exhibition shows 12 Greek and Roman sculptures, the colors of which have been restored to the original. Scientists learned the colors of the sculptures, exploring the microscopic particles of pigments that are able to find on the surface of the statues.
Was no exception, and the terracotta head of a deity found 2017 during the construction of Crimean bridge on the bottom of the Kerch Bay by underwater archaeologists under the direction of Sergey Olkhovsky. Discovery scientists associated with the cultural layer VI—VIII centuries BC, formed in the Harbor of the ancient Greek city of Panticapaeum.
Art analysis showed that the sculptor when you create a head based on the traditions of several schools. The upper part of the face performed in the archaic tradition at this point large eye and sharp transitions. The lower part of the face — nose, lips and beard, created in the Eastern canons. This mixture of styles indicates that the sculpture came out of a small workshop in one of the Greek cities of Asia Minor. Art historians have dated the discovery era to the Greco-Persian wars and the heyday of classical Greek sculpture of the V century BC.
To test this version, it was decided to try Dating a sculpture using the radiocarbon method for the surface of the statues were taken samples of organic matter from inner part of the product, from the whiskers, nostrils, upper lip and deepening the hairline, meaning beard.
One sample sent for Dating by the radiocarbon method at the Centre of isotope research of the University of Georgia, where with the help of the accelerator mass spectrometry was able to determine the date, which coincided with the date of the art and also indicated on the V century BC.