Oak boards told about the transportation of timber in the Roman Empire

Tree
for construction in Ancient Rome brought even
from Gaul, from the North-East of modern
France, they say
in
PLoS
ONE.
Researchers
figured it out, when analyzed
oak boards that are found during
security excavations — these boards in I
century
our era was used in the construction
home.

In
Rome was a huge demand for wood for
the construction and decoration of buildings. Forest
around town and more
part of the Apennine Peninsula, the Romans wiped out fairly quickly and as
growth in the territory of the Republic (and then Empire) began to bring it from distant provinces.
IN I
century
BC in Rome carried tetraclinis
from North Africa, and the cedar of Lebanon.
Homes of many wealthy Romans were built of
silver fir and
oak, and the decoration used ebony
wood and cedar.

Sometimes
archaeologists can date the tree with
up to a year using dendrochronology.
But despite the fact that the tree is often
used in the construction of Roman houses, archaeologists find it not so often
in Mediterranean climates it
quite poorly maintained. One of the recent remarkable discoveries were 24 oak planks in
the Foundation of the portico of the big house
the wealthy. They were found during
security excavation before construction
the new line of Rome’s metro, not far
from the Basilica — Cathedral
the Cathedral of Rome.

Italian
and Swiss researchers led
leadership Bernabei Mauro (Mauro
Bernabei)
from
Institute of Bioeconomy managed to date
13 of the 24 boards using dendrochronological
method
(annuli). As a reference
the researchers used several chronologies,
based on research
wood oak trees that grew in the South
Germany, Eastern France and Switzerland.
It turned out that the trees from which
did the Board, grew up in the Jura mountains. Their
cut down at the age of about 320 years 40-60
years BC.

Though
scientists for the most part, know what
ways products from provinces of the Empire
carried to Rome, that was one part of the Empire
transported to another drill
Les, very little is known. Therefore, the authors
research is limited to hypotheses.
A place where apparently they cut down the oaks,
located 60 kilometers from the city
Chalon-sur-Saone, which is on the river
Sona. It was founded before the Romans, and in
the period of existence of the province of Gaul
it was an important trading city Capillorum.
Downstream after Caulonema Sona
was the shipping and fell into the river
Rona, which, in turn, fell
in the Ligurian sea.

Scientists
suggested that after their
cut down, trees were transported by land or
in the form of rafts on the Dormouse, and of Caulonema
they were transported on ships to Lyon (Lugdunum),
located at the confluence of the saône into the Rhone.
From there, the logs could be transported on
large vessels in the Ligurian sea to
Ostia, where the Tiber to Rome.

“It
the study shows that during
Romans timber from the forests in the North-East
France used during construction
in Rome,” says Mauro
Barnabei. “Given the distance (for
our calculations, more than 1700 kilometers),
the size of the logs and methods of transportation with possible obstacles along the way
it becomes clear how important
wood was for the Romans and that Empire was well organized logistics.”

Archaeologists
learn the trade routes in Rome including at the shipwrecks. So exploring
the remains of shipwrecks, scientists have learned,
that terracotta tile, which
did not far from Rome, were taken to
Sardinia or Spain, glass from Judea
transported
across the Mediterranean sea to other provinces.

Ekaterina Rusakova

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