Predators left the habitat of pandas

With especially protected natural territories of China, where pandas live, in the last 50-60 years disappeared the most part gray, red wolves, snow leopards and leopards, reported in Nature Ecology & Evolution. This means that measures for the protection of pandas although large, but not suitable for the conservation and restoration of populations of large carnivores.

The giant Panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) is one of the most recognizable of protected animals. In the 1960-ies, when the species was on the brink of extinction, the Chinese government (in the nature of the animal lives only in this country) has organized several specially protected natural areas for protection and introduced the death penalty for killing that bear. Since then, the animal turned out to be bred in captivity, and its population in the wild — to raise up to 2060 individuals (data year 2016), which gave a formal reason to change the view status from endangered to threatened.

The habitat of the giant Panda overlaps with the ranges of several large predators, whose numbers are too low. This leopard (Panthera pardus), snow leopard (Panthera uncia), grey wolf (Canis lupus) and red (Himalayan) wolf (Cuon alpinus). About how these types of impact measures for the protection of pandas, little is known.

Xiaoli Shen (Shen Xiaoli) from the Institute of botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences and her colleagues from other research institutions in China compared data on the number mentioned on the now 73 protected areas in the 1950-1970-ies, when reserves for pandas only began to open, or even did not exist, and in the period 2008-2018. The number of individuals determined on the basis of literature data and camera traps.

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