Retreating glacier exposed in Norway a busy road Viking

Archaeologists found out that the pass Lindren in the Norwegian mountains from approximately 300 to 1,500 years was a busy road for merchants and shepherds. Numerous findings on Landmine helped to clarify scientific understanding of how organized travel passes not only in medieval Norway, but also in other mountainous regions of the world in ancient times. The article published in the journal Antiquity.

Pass Lindren acquired great fame in 2011, when they found woolen tunic III or IV century ad, which had frozen into ice and thus very well preserved. The glacier, located at an altitude of 1690-1920 meters above the sea level recedes due to climate change and reveals a lot of artifacts, dropped or abandoned by travelers who have used the pass for many centuries.

A group of researchers led by Lars Drank (Lars Pilø) have found that Handbrake about 800 artifacts, including knives, pieces of skis and sledges, as well as scraps of fabric, 150 types of bones and horns and more than a hundred stone mounds. 60 finds were dated by the radiocarbon method, which allowed in General terms to reconstruct the chronology of use of the pass.

In the bronze age (1750-500 years BC) here hunted deer, and since around 300 ad Lindren turned into a busy road linking the mountainous settlements, the inhabitants of which were engaged in animal husbandry, with summer pastures. It was also used by residents of the inner regions of Norway to get to the coastal regions and to buy there fish in the lean years. The greatest number of dated finds date from the period around the year 1000, the Viking age, and the most recent — the beginning of the XVI century. Thus, the path functioned throughout the middle Ages.

The main route through the pass is marked by a stone mound, and the top scientists have discovered the ruins of the hut, in which, according to assumptions of researchers, travelers could spend the night or to wait out bad weather.

Among longbranch finds a lot of iron horseshoes, and a variety of herding tools such as a stick or gnawed (a piece of wood, which was placed in the mouth lamb, so he is not sucked mother’s milk to dryness).

Large-scale melting of glaciers has led to the emergence of a new discipline of glacial archaeology. Among her recent finds in the carcass of the foal of the extinct Lena horses, which are so well preserved, that the heart remained liquid blood.

Artem Efimov

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