floating nuclear power station “Academician Lomonosov” began to haul in Chukotka, where it will connect to the local power grid, reported on the website of “Rosatom”. It is expected that this will replace the Bilibino nuclear power plant and the Chaun thermal power plant.
The project of floating nuclear thermal power plant (FNPP) was created in the mid 2000-ies. In 2007, it was laid by the ship “Academician Lomonosov”. It has a displacement 21.5 tons, length 144,2 meters and width 30 meters. “Akademik Lomonosov” is a self-propelled ship, so it moves with the help of tugs. The vessel is provided with two pressurized-water reactors KLT-40C, each of which has an electric capacity of 35 MW and a thermal capacity of 150 megawatts.
In April 2018, the ship began to be towed from the Baltic shipyard in St. Petersburg enterprise “Atomflot” in Murmansk for loading of nuclear fuel in reactors. 23 Aug 2019 “Akademik Lomonosov” began to haul to the site in Pevek, Chukotka. There to the end of the year to complete the work on the creation of coastal infrastructure, which will be connected to the ship. The ship moves with the help of two tug boats at a speed of about eight kilometers per hour.
It is expected that in December the plant will start operation. This will allow you to change the needs of the region, which today closed obsolete Bilibino nuclear power plant and the Chaun thermal power plant. In addition, the vessel will be used for water desalination and home heating.
Kind of like the project of floating nuclear power plants existed in the United States. The ship “Sturgis” with one nuclear reactor was built on the basis of the transport steamer, from 1968 to 1975 it was used to power the Panama canal zone.
One of the potential problems of a floating power station — the re-charging of nuclear reactors after commissioning. For its decision in 2017 was announced the development project of the vessel of atomic-technological service. It will be used to recharge the reactors of the floating power station “Academician Lomonosov”, as well as reactors of nuclear icebreakers.