The cosmic forces of the United States March 27, 2020 has adopted a system of satellites monitoring Space Fence (“Space fence”), which is based on radar S-band (2-4 GHz). As writes C4ISRNET, testing a new military system was completed in December last year, and in February 2020 — fully commissioned it.
Still, the us military relied on a Network of space monitoring (Space Surveillance Network), which includes space and ground-based detection systems of various space objects. This network provides support around 26 thousand different space objects.
Over time, the number of space objects in orbit of the Earth will increase significantly, and the “Space fence” will have to be monitored. Radar Space Fence system consisting of transmit-receive modules based on gallium nitride, located on the Kwajalein Atoll belonging to the Marshall Islands.
According to the system developer, the American company Lockheed Martin, it can simultaneously track about 200 thousand space objects per day, processing the data about 1.5 million of the detected targets. Radar system capable of detecting space objects with a diameter of slightly less than 10 centimeters.
In General, the system can follow objects at low, medium and geostationary orbits. In agreement with the EU, some data about the detected Space Fence objects will be transferred to the European space Agency and the European organization of satellite meteorology.
In addition, in 2014, the United States signed an agreement on provision of data Space Fence eight countries and 44 companies. The data will be able to Australia, Japan, Italy, Canada, France, South Korea and the United Kingdom. In 2021 the Cosmic forces of the United States plan to begin testing of the second radar system for Space Fence.
The cosmic forces of the United States as an independent kind of armed forces was formed in December 2019 by the decree of the President of the United States Donald trump. The first time of its existence, Space power will perform, the U.S. air force, space-related research, the launching of new satellites, ensuring the launch of carrier rockets, space exploration and observation.
Subsequently, similar functions of the Navy and the U.S. Army, will be transferred from Space forces.