Against the background of climate change, forest fires in Australia has increased markedly in the twenty-first century: they began to hit the large areas with short intervals. In a study published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, scientists have proposed to reduce the amount of timber production, to expand the area of protected areas and control the population of invasive herbivores in fire-affected ecosystems.
Annually and steppe fires cause catastrophic damage to ecosystems, the economy and often lead to casualties. In 2019 the world’s most from fires damaged the Democratic Republic of the Congo,, Australia and Brazil — in our country, in the Siberian taiga fires have covered more than five million hectares of forest, the total area of fires in our country could reach 15 million hectares of land annually.
Scientists estimate that the most flammable continent in recent years has become Australia, and natural disasters on its territory is already aggravated due to climate change. In 2019 from the Australian fires affected about 12 million hectares of forest and agricultural land, died about a billion animals and 700 species of fauna are considered to be lost forever.
Scientists under the leadership of David Lindenmayer (David B. Lindenmayera) from the Australian national University conducted a spatial analysis of the fires that took place the last decade in Eastern Australia in Victoria, based on satellite images and reports data of forestry in 1950.